Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSHematolog...
Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLearning ...
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Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy a...
Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
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Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
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Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy o...
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Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-...
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Blood and Immune System

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Blood and Immune System Terminology

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  • Title should read Blood Clotting Factors.
  • Transcript of "Blood and Immune System"

    1. 1. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSHematology and ImmunologyMedical Terminology for Health ProfessionalsMichael L. Whitchurch, MHSBlood and Lymphatic SystemHematology is the medical specialty that studies theanatomy and physiology of the blood and usesdiagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, anddrugs to treat blood diseases.Immunology is the medical specialty that studiesthe anatomy and physiology of the lymphatic systemand uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgicalprocedures, and drugs to treat lymphatic and immuneresponse diseases.
    2. 2. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLearning Objectives1. Identify the structures of the blood and the lymphatic system.2. Describe the processes of blood clotting and the immune response.3. Describe common blood, lymphatic, and immune diseases andconditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgicalprocedures, and drug categories.4. Give the medical meaning of word parts related to the blood and immunesystem.5. Build blood, lymph system, and immune response words from word partsand divide and define those words.6. Spell and pronounce blood, lymph system, and immune response words.7. Analyze the medical content and meaning of an immunology report
    3. 3. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy and Physiology• The Blood– Contains blood cells, blood cell fragments, water, andother substances (proteins, clotting factors, etc.)– Transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, andwaste products– Contains cells that also function as part of theimmune system
    4. 4. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy and Physiology• The Lymphatic System– Consists of the lymphatic vessels, lymph fluid, lymphnodes, lymphoid tissues, and lymphoid organs– Forms a pathway throughout the body that isseparate from that of the cardiovascular system thatcontains the blood– Defends the body against microorganisms andcancerous cells
    5. 5. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Plasma– Clear, straw-colored liquid (about 90% water) thatmakes up 55% of the blood.– The formed elements of the blood erythrocytes leukocytes platelets• All are suspended in the plasma
    6. 6. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Plasma– Contains amino acids, cholesterol, triglycerides, electrolytes,glucose, minerals, and vitamins from digested foods– Contains substances the body produces itself such as: albumin,bilirubin, hormones, complement proteins, and clotting factors.– Contains creatinine and urea, which are waste products ofcellular metabolism.
    7. 7. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Hematopoiesis– Process by which all formed elementsin plasma are produced– Occurs in the red marrow of longbones and flat bones– Very immature cells are stem cellshttp://www.curesearch.org/Hodgkins-Lymphoma-Just-Diagnosed-Information/
    8. 8. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Erythrocytes– Most numerous of the formed elements in the plasma– Red blood cell that is a round, somewhat flattened, red disk– Unique because, unlike other body cells, they have no cellnucleus when they are matureerythr/o -cytes
    9. 9. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-4 ErythrocytesAndrew Syred/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    10. 10. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Erythrocytes– Contain hemoglobin, a red, iron-containing molecule that binds tooxygen molecules to form oxyhemoglobin.– Hemoglobin carries oxygen from the lungs to every cell in thebody, and carries carbon dioxide from the cells back to the lungs.erythr/o -cytes
    11. 11. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Erythrocytes– Very immature cells are known as stem cells.– Erythrocyte stem cells mature to become erythroblasts and thennormoblasts.– Reticulocytes are immature erythrocytes that are released into theblood.– Hormone erythropoietin from the kidneys increases erythrocyteproduction.erythr/o -cytes
    12. 12. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Erythrocytes– Do not have a nucleus, so they cannot divide or repair themselves.– Last 120 days before they begin to deteriorate.– Specialized cells (macrophages) break down erythrocytes’hemoglobin into heme and globins.erythr/o -cytes
    13. 13. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Erythrocytes– Iron stripped from heme molecules is stored in the liver and thespleen; the remainder of heme molecules is converted tobilirubin.– Bilirubin plays an important role as an antioxidant, protectingbody cells from damage by free radicals.erythr/o -cytes
    14. 14. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Leukocytes– White blood cells that include five types of cells neutrophils eosinophils basophils lymphocytes, and MonocytesCan be identified by the presence or absence of granules in their cytoplasm and theshape of their nucleus
    15. 15. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Leukocytes– Leukocytes with large granules in their cytoplasm arecategorized as granulocytes, which include neutrophils,eosinophils, and basophils.– Leukocytes with few or no granules in their cytoplasm arecategorized as agranulocytes, which include lymphocytes andmonocytes.
    16. 16. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Neutrophils– Most common leukocyte, making up 40% to 60% of leukocytesin blood– Categorized as granulocytes– Nucleus has many segments or lobes, so they are also knownas polymorphonucleated leukocytes (PMNs), polys, segs, orsegmenters
    17. 17. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Neutrophils– Develop in the red marrow from stem cells that becomemyeloblasts, then myelocytes, then bands (also known asstabs), then mature neutrophils– Engulf and destroy bacteria (phagocytosis)– Live only a few days or even just a few hours if they are activelydestroying bacteria
    18. 18. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Eosinophils– Make up just 1% to 4% of leukocytes– Categorized as granulocytes; also known as eos– Nucleus has two lobes– Develop in the red marrow– Engulf and destroy foreign cells (pollen, animal dander, etc.)– Release chemicals that kill parasites
    19. 19. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Basophils– Least common leukocyte, making up 0.5% to 1% of leukocytes– Categorized as granulocytes; also known as basos– Nucleus has more than one lobe– Develop in the red marrow– Release histamine at the site of tissue injury– Release heparin, an anticoagulant
    20. 20. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood (cont)• Lymphocytes– Make up 20% to 40% of leukocytes.– Categorized as agranulocytes and are the smallest leukocytes;they are also known as lymphs.– Nucleus is round and nearly fills the cell.– Some lymphocytes live for just a few days, while others live formany years.
    21. 21. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Lymphocytes– Begin development in red marrow; some become B cells ornatural killer cells; others migrate to the thymus to become Tcells– Present in the blood and lymph nodes; destroy viruses andproduce antibodies
    22. 22. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Monocytes– Make up 2% to 4% of leukocytes– Categorized as agranulocytes and are the largest leukocytes;also known as monos– Have a large amount of cytoplasm, and nucleus is large andkidney bean shaped– Develop in the red marrow
    23. 23. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Monocytes– Are phagocytes that engulf and destroy microorganisms,cancerous cells, dead leukocytes, and cellular debris.– Monocytes in the lymph nodes, intestine, liver, pancreas,thymus, spleen, bone, and skin are known as macrophages.
    24. 24. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSTable 6-1 (continued) Leukocyte Types and Characteristics
    25. 25. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Thrombocytes (also known as platelets)– Different from other blood cells because they areonly cell fragments– Active in the blood-clotting process– Begin in the red marrow as stem cells that thenbecome megakaryoblasts, and then mature intomegakaryocytes, very large cells– Cytoplasm of the megakaryocyte breaks away atthe edges to form cell fragments (thrombocytes)that are released into the blood
    26. 26. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Other Substances in the Plasma– Water– Amino acids– Cholesterol– Triglycerides– Electrolytes
    27. 27. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Blood Type– Most important blood types are the ABO and Rh blood groups– ABO blood group contains A, B, AB, and O antigens
    28. 28. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Blood• Blood Type– Rh blood group has 47 different antigens– Rh is positive when antigens are present on erythrocytes– Rh is negative when antigens are not present on erythrocytes
    29. 29. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSPhysiology of Blood Clotting• Platelet aggregation ―Thrombocytes form clumps todecrease blood loss• Coagulation ― Blood clot forms• Hemostasis ― Cessation of bleedingWhen clotting factors in the plasma are activated to forma blood clot, the fluid portion of plasma that remains isknown as serum.Susumu Nishinaga/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    30. 30. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSTable 6-3 Blood Clotting Factors
    31. 31. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymphatic Vessels, Lymph, andLymph Nodes– Lymphatic vessels are similar in structureto blood vessels, but with several importantdifferences.– Begin as tiny lymphatic capillaries in thetissues.
    32. 32. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymphatic Vessels, Lymph, andLymph Nodes– End in ducts that empty into large veinsin the neck.– Tissue fluid enters a lymphatic capillaryand becomes lymph, the fluid thatcirculates through the lymphatic system.
    33. 33. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymphatic capillaries havelarge openings in their wallsthat allow microorganisms andcancerous cells to enter.• Lymphatic capillaries becomelarger lymphatic vessels thatbring lymph to the lymphnodes.• Valves keep the lymph flowingin one direction.
    34. 34. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymph nodes– Filter the lymph– Contain macrophages that destroymicroorganisms or cancer cells– Grouped in chains in areasinvaded by microorganisms orcancerous cells
    35. 35. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymphoid Tissues– Contain lymphocytes andmacrophages that are active inthe immune response Tonsils and adenoids in the oralcavity Appendix and Peyer’s patches inthe small intestine
    36. 36. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAnatomy of the Lymphatic System• Lymphoid Organs– Thymus is located within themediastinum and helps lymphoblastsmature into T lymphocytes– Spleen is located on left side ofabdominal cavity and is the largestorgan in the lymphatic system– Spleen removes old erythrocytes fromthe blood– Spleen also acts as storage area forwhole blood, which is released into thecirculatory system during times ofdanger or injury
    37. 37. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSPhysiology of the Immune ResponseImmune Response• Detects and destroys invading microorganisms(pathogens) and cancerous cells that arise internally:– Cytokines– Neutrophils– Eosinophils– Basophils– Monocytes– Lymphocytes– Antibodies– Complement proteinshttp://e-infopages.com/2012/protecting-your-immune-system/
    38. 38. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Blood– Blood dyscrasia– Hemorrhage– Pancytopenia– Septicemiahttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/blooddisorders.html
    39. 39. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Erythrocytes– Abnormal red blood cell morphology– Anemia Aplastic anemia Folic acid deficiency anemia Iron deficiency anemia Pernicious anemia Sickle cell anemiaEye of Science/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    40. 40. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-15 Sickle cells in a capillary
    41. 41. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-13 Microcytic, hypochromic erythrocytesJoaquin Carillo Farga/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    42. 42. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Erythrocytes– Anisocytosis– Poikilocytosis– Polycythemia vera– Thalassemia– Transfusion reaction
    43. 43. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Leukocytes– Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)– Leukemia– Mononucleosis– Multiple myelomaHuman immunodeficiency virusChris Bjornberg/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    44. 44. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-17 Acute lymphocytic leukemiaPeres/Custom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.
    45. 45. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Thrombocytes– Coagulopathy– Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)– Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)– Hemophilia– Thrombocytopenia
    46. 46. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Lymphatic System– Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)– Lymphadenopathy– Lymphedema– Lymphoma Hodgkin’s lymphoma Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma– Splenomegaly– ThymomaLymphadenopathyCustom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.
    47. 47. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-19 LymphadenopathyCustom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.
    48. 48. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Autoimmune Disorders– Diabetes mellitus, type 1– Graves’ disease– Hashimoto’s thyroiditis– Inflammatory bowel disease– Multiple sclerosis
    49. 49. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and ConditionsautoimmuneDiabetes MellitusType I – IDDM Type II - NIDDM http://www.allnaturopathy.com/pages/Diabetes.html
    50. 50. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDiseases and Conditions• Autoimmune Disorders– Myasthenia gravis– Psoriasis– Rheumatoid arthritis– Scleroderma– Systemic lupus erythematosushttp://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/000542.htmhttp://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Arthritis---Rheumatoid-Arthritis-Osteoarthritis-and-Spinal-Arthritis.aspx
    51. 51. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Blood Cell Tests– Complete blood count (CBC) with differential– Blood type– Peripheral blood smearhttp://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/000514.htm
    52. 52. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic ProceduresCBC – Complete Blood Count
    53. 53. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS
    54. 54. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Coagulation Tests– Activated clotting time (ACT)– Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)– Prothrombin time (PT)
    55. 55. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Other Blood Tests– Blood chemistries– Ferritin
    56. 56. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-20 Blood chemistry analyzerAlvis Upitis/Jupiter Images – PictureArts Corporation/Brand X Pictures – Royalty Free
    57. 57. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Other Blood Tests– Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests ELISA―First screening test done for HIV Western blot―Used to confirm a positive ELISA and make adiagnosis of HIV infection Viral RNA load test―Measures tiny amounts of HIV RNA andmonitors progression of the disease and response to antiretroviraldrugs
    58. 58. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Other Blood Tests– Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests (cont) p24 antigen test―Detects the protein p24 in HIV CD4 count―Used to monitor the progression of the disease andresponse to antiretroviral drugs– Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)
    59. 59. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Saliva Test– OraSure Quick screening test that is done in the doctor’s office or clinic. Ituses the same technology as the ELISA blood test.
    60. 60. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Serum Tests– Electrophoresis– Monospot
    61. 61. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Urine Tests– Bence Jones protein– Schilling test
    62. 62. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSLaboratory and Diagnostic Procedures• Radiologic Procedures– Color flow duplex ultrasonography– Lymphangiography
    63. 63. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSMedical and Surgical Procedures• Medical Procedures– Bone marrow aspiration– Phlebotomy– Vaccination
    64. 64. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-21 PhlebotomyGetty Images – Photodisc-Royalty Free
    65. 65. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSMedical and Surgical Procedures• Blood Donation and Transfusion Procedures– Blood donation– Blood transfusion
    66. 66. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSMedical and Surgical Procedures• Blood Donation and Transfusion Procedure– Bone marrow transplantation (BMT)– Plasmapheresis– Stem cell transplantation
    67. 67. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSFigure 6-22 Stem cellDr. Yorgos Nikas/Photo Researchers, Inc.
    68. 68. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSMedical and Surgical Procedures• Surgical Procedures– Lymph node biopsy– Lymph node dissection– Splenectomy– Thymectomy
    69. 69. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDrug Categories• Drugs used to treat blood and lymphaticdiseases and conditions:– Anticoagulant drugs– Corticosteroid drugs– Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor drugs– Erythropoietin– Immunosuppressant drugs– Platelet aggregation inhibitor drugs
    70. 70. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSDrug Categories• Drugs used to treat blood and lymphaticdiseases and conditions:– Protease inhibitor drugs– Thrombolytic enzyme drugs– Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) drugs– Vitamin B12 drugs
    71. 71. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAbbreviations
    72. 72. Copyright ©2011 All rights reserved.Florida State College of Jacksonville | Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHSAbbreviations

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