Montserrat1 090326024238 Phpapp01


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    The conjunction of its most high peaks (10 x 5 km.) look like a image. A big sanctuary in photo appears in different colour like a '3th EYE' in this huge face
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  • Very Good!!!!!!!!!! and also very helpfukl, i think!
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Montserrat1 090326024238 Phpapp01

  1. 1. Montserrat: Volcanic Eruption in an LEDC
  2. 2. Montserrat 1997-8
  3. 3. Montserrat • Montserrat is a small island in the Caribbean and is 12 miles long and 7 miles wide. There is a volcanic area located in the south of the island, called Soufriere Hills. • The volcanic peak in this area is called Chances Peak. • In 1995, the volcano began to give off warning signs of an eruption (small earthquakes and eruptions of dust and ash). • Once Chances Peak had woken up it then remained active for a period of 5 years. The most intense eruptions occurred in 1997. • It is known as the 'Emerald Island' and is mountainous with plenty of woodland. • Much of the population are poor and rely on farming which is for their subsistence. • Before the eruption of 1995, over 12,000 people lived on the island but
  4. 4. • Montserrat lies on a destructive plate The Causes of boundary. the Montserrat • The volcano is caused by the subduction of the North American/ Eruption Atlantic plate under the Caribbean plate. • As the two plates merge the oceanic plate is forced down or sub ducted under the continental plate. • As it is forced down pressure increases which triggers earthquakes and at the same time heat produced by friction melts the descending crust to  form molten magma. • The hot magma tries to rise to the
  5. 5. The story of the eruptions 1992 - The first Earthquake 1995 - The volcano erupts after being dormant for 500 years. 1996 - The volcano continued to erupt and became more violent causing increased damage. 1997 - Large eruptions continued with the dome collapsing and large pyroclastic flows affecting much of the
  6. 6. Primary Effects of the Eruption • 2/3 of the island covered in ash • 50% of population evacuated to the north of the island to makeshift shelters • 23 people died in 1997 • The capital, Plymouth became a ghost town • Floods as valleys blocked with ash • Airport and port closed • Farmland destroyed • Forest fires caused by pyroclastic flows • Schools and hospitals destroyed
  7. 7. Secondary Effects of the Eruption • As most of the southern area was destroyed any remaining inhabitants have had to endure harsh living conditions in the North. • Transport remains a problem for people travelling to the island as the port and airport remain closed. • The tourist industry is still suffering with few visitors except for cruise ships looking at the volcano • Over half the population left the
  8. 8. Responses • £41 million was given in aid by the British Government. Money was given to the to individuals to help them move to other countries. Eruption • Riots occurred as locals complained that the British were not doing enough to help the island • The MVO (Montserrat Volcano Observatory) was set up to study the volcano and provide warnings for the future • A risk assessment was done to help islanders understand which areas are at risk and reduce problems for the future. • Airport was rebuilt. • Capital moved to Little Bay in the