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Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
Managing Resources Higher
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Managing Resources Higher

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  • 1. Managing resources (a) Study Figure 13, on the insert, which shows information about tourism in Kenya. (i) Using Figure 13, give three physical features which may attract tourists. 1……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (3 marks) (ii) Describe two different types of holidays available for tourists in Kenya. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) (b) Using one or more examples of places in LEDCs, describe the Disadvantages tourism may bring. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (6 marks) (c) Choose an example of renewable energy in an area or country you have studied. (i) Suggest two reasons for its location.
  • 2. Example: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (ii) Explain the disadvantages of this source of energy. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) (iii) Explain how sustainable development can be achieved other than using renewable sources of energy. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (6 marks) (a) Study Figure 9, on the next page, a picture of a car with information on recycling. (i) Give two examples of materials reclaimed when a car is recycled. 1…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • 3. (2 marks) (ii) Describe what might happen if people continue to rely on non-renewable resources. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) (iii) Why do MEDCs consume resources at a higher rate than LEDCs? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • 4. (3 marks) (i) Suggest how one of the environmental problems caused by tourism in a national park may be reduced. Environmental problem: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (c) (i) Explain why some environments encourage tourism. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) (ii) Describe the advantages and disadvantages of tourism to the economies of LEDCs. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (6 marks) (a) Study Figure 13 on the next page, which shows part of an Italian city.
  • 5. (i) Use figure 13 to suggest why this Italian city has developed an important tourist industry. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (ii) What disadvantages can the tourist industry bring to an area such as the one shown in Figure 13? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (iii) For an area of the UK that you have studied, explain why the tourist industry has developed there. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • 6. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (6 marks) (b) Study Figure 14, which shows Antarctica, a continent which in resources. (i) Describe what Figure 14 shows about the claims on Antarctica and its resources by different countries. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks)
  • 7. (ii) Explain why there is an increasing demand for resources such as those found in Antarctica. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) (c) (i) explain how the burning of fossil fuels may lead to global warming. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (iii) What is sustainable development? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (1 mark) (iv) Describe how sustainable development can be achieved. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………… (4 marks) a) Study Figures 11b What do the cartoon suggest are the issues concerned with recycling?
  • 8. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................ (3 marks) Study Figure 12. Using Figure 12, explain the possible causes of global warming. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (6 marks) (c) The Maldives is an island republic which is an LEDC in the Indian Ocean. (i) Suggest two reasons why tourists are attracted to the Maldives. 1 ................................................................................................................................................................................ ...
  • 9. 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................ ... (2 marks) (ii) What is the meaning of the term ‘green tourism’? ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (2 marks) (iii) Since 1970, the government of the Maldives has made rules that have to be followed when building any new tourist development. The table below lists some of these rules. Choose three of these rules, and suggest why each was felt to be important. Rule number ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... Rule number ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... Rule number ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (6 marks) (iv) Using one or more examples, explain why the growth of tourism may bring disadvantages to an LEDC. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................
  • 10. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (6 marks)
  • 11. (a) Study Figure 11, below, a map extract of part of Thailand, an LEDC in South East Asia.
  • 12. (i) Using Figure 11 only, explain why the area attracts many tourists. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (ii) Explain how MEDCs gain from the development of tourism in an LEDC. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (b) Choose one location where renewable energy is produced. Explain the advantages of the location for the production of renewable energy. Location .................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ............... (6 marks) (ii) Explain how agreement between countries may help to control pollution. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks)
  • 13. (a) Sustainable development can be achieved in different ways. Choose two of the following ways. Resource substitution Conservation Recycling Circle the two you have chosen. Explain how they may contribute to sustainable development. 1 ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ... 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ... (6 marks) (a) Study Figure 9, on the insert, an atlas extract showing world energy production and consumption. (a) (i) Compare the patterns of energy production and consumption shown in Figure 9. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (a) (ii) Explain why there is an increasing demand for resources such as energy in the world. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................
  • 14. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (b) Study Figure 10, a photograph which shows Benidorm, an important tourist area in Spain, an MEDC in Europe. (b) (i) Add four labels to the photograph to show evidence of tourism in Benidorm. An example has been done for you. (4 marks) (b) (ii) Explain why some local people may be for and some against the development of tourism in an MEDC like Spain. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (4 marks) (c) Describe the physical and human attractions of a named tourist area in an LEDC. Name of tourist area in an LEDC ........................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................
  • 15. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... .......... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................... (9 marks)

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