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Coastal Higher For Website

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  • 1. Coastal Landscapes and Processes (a) Study Figure 12, which shows a planned coastal defence scheme for Lyme Regis in Dorset. (i) Using Figure 12, give three different ways in which the planned scheme may help to reduce coastal erosion. 1 ..................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ 2 ...................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ 3....................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ (3 marks) (ii) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed changes for tourists visiting the coastline. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................
  • 2. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................... (6 marks) (b) Study Figure 13, which shows a cross-section of a headland with cliffs and caves. (i) In the space below, draw and label a diagram to show how a stack may develop at the end of the headland. (2 marks) .
  • 3. (ii) Explain how wave action and other processes will help to create the features shown on your diagram in (i). ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (4 marks) Study Figure 12, below, which shows a coastline formed by erosion. (i) In the box on the next page, draw a labelled sketch to show the main features of Figure 12.
  • 4. (4 marks) (ii) Explain how and why the coastline shown may change in the future. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (6 marks)
  • 5. (b) Study Figure 13, on the insert, which shows a type of coastal protection. (i) Describe the method of coastal protection shown. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (2 marks) (ii) Suggest how the method will protect the housing built along the coast. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (3 marks) (i) On Figure 12b, mark with an arrow and label three coastal features shown. One has been done for you. (3 marks)
  • 6. (ii) Explain the formation of a wave-cut platform. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (6 marks) (b) Study Figure 13, below, a photograph of some coastal defences in an area of sand dunes. Describe one method of coastal protection shown. ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ Figure 13 (2 marks) (c) Explain how some coastal defences work. ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................
  • 7. ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................ ...... (4 marks) (a) Study Figure 2, the Ordnance Survey map extract. Compare the physical features of the coastline in the highlighted grid squares. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................
  • 8. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (3 marks) Chesil Beach has been formed partly as a result of longshore drift. With the help of a diagram, explain how longshore drift works. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (6 marks) (i) Weymouth, is a coastal holiday resort. Suggest two problems caused by the large numbers of visitors to Weymouth.
  • 9. 1 ...................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ .. 2 ...................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ .. (2 marks) (ii) For a holiday resort you have studied, describe some of the solutions to problems caused by tourism. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (4 marks) (a) Give two differences between destructive waves and constructive waves. 1 ...................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ .. 2 ...................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ .. (2 marks)
  • 10. (b) Study Figure 14, below, an Ordnance Survey map extract of Start Point, South Devon. Figure 15 is a sketch map of Figure 14. Figure 14 (i) On Figure 15, a sea stack has been labelled. Mark with an arrow and label three other landforms resulting from coastal erosion. (3 marks) (ii) Explain the formation of a sea stack. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................
  • 11. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (6 marks) (c) Study Figure 16, on the insert, a photograph of coastal defences at Mappleton, east Yorkshire. Explain how the coast is being protected from erosion by the sea. ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (4 marks)