Coastal Foundation For Website

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  • 1. Coastal Landscapes and Processes (a) Study Figure 12, on the insert, a photograph of Flamborough Head on the east coast of England. Y Z X (i) Name features X and Y. X .............................................................. X Y .............................................................. (2 marks) Z (ii) Feature Z is a wave-cut platform. Complete the sentences below to explain how a wave-cut platform is formed. Choose the correct words from this list. wave-cut notch attrition advances constructive retreats destructive stack hydraulic power The base of the cliffs is attacked by ................................................ waves. These erode the cliffs by ................................................ and corrasion forming a ................................................ . This gets larger until the cliff collapses As the process is repeated many times the cliff ...................................... leaving a wave-cut platform below. (4 marks)
  • 2. (b) Study Figure 13, on the insert, a photograph which shows some coastal defences in an area of sand dunes. (i) Suggest why this stretch of coastline may need coastal defences. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) (ii) Describe the types of coastal defences shown in Figure 13. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (3 marks) (c) Explain how some coastal defences work. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (4 marks) (a) Tick the correct box to show whether or not each of the following is a process of coastal erosion. True False Saltation Hydraulic Power Corrosion (3 marks)
  • 3. (b) Study Figure 2, the Ordnance Survey map extract. Give three physical features of the coastline of the Isle of Portland. 1 ................................................................................................................ 2 ................................................................................................................ 3 ................................................................................................................ (3 marks)
  • 4. (c) Chesil Beach has been formed partly as a result of longshore drift. In the box below, draw and label a diagram to show longshore drift. (d) (i) Weymouth, is a coastal holiday resort. Suggest two problems caused by the large numbers of visitors to tourist resorts. 1............................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................. 2............................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) (ii) Describe how these problems could be solved in coastal holiday resorts. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (3 marks) (a) Tick the correct box to show whether each of the following statements about destructive and constructive waves is true or false. True False Destructive waves are more frequent than constructive waves. D r Destructive waves are steeper than constructive waves. D r
  • 5. Destructive waves have a stronger swash than backwash. D r (3 marks) (b) Study Figure 15, on the insert, an Ordnance Survey map extract of Start Point, South Devon. X Y Z (b) (i) Name the three types of landform, X, Y and Z, resulting from coastal erosion. X ............................................................................................................................... Y ............................................................................................................................... Z ............................................................................................................................... (3 marks) (b) (iii) Describe one process of coastal erosion. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (2 marks) (b) (iv) Describe the formation of a stack in the space below
  • 6. (c) Study Figure 17, on the insert, a photograph of coastal defences at Mappleton, east Yorkshire. Explain how the coast is being protected from erosion by the sea. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. (4 marks)