Explanation texts

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How to write an explanation Text.

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Explanation texts

  1. 1. Explanation Texts
  2. 2. Language features 1. Present tense 2.Causal language e.g. if...then..., this results in, the reason Writing stimulus that 3. Sequential connectives e.g. firstly, then, next, later 4. Impersonal language e.g. The liquid was placed in the 1. Using a film clip to write an container (passive voice) explanation of how a tsunami occurs 5. Technical vocabulary e.g. layers of the earths crust for a geography text book 2. Using a set of pictures to sequence the life cycle of a plant and then write an explanation of this Organisation 3. Using a film clip of a doctor explaining to his patient how he has repaired a Explanation 1. A series of logical steps broken finger 2. Clear layout 3. Use of labelled diagrams, keys, Audience and colour coding etc 4. Use of boxes for extra informati purpose 1. Write up of a science experimentPurpose -to help the readerunderstand a process as Examples 2. leaflet or article e.g. why do ...easily as possible 3. parts of a non-fiction Text typesAudience - someone who wants book e.g. geography, scienceto understand a process - how 1. Explanation of how 4. Technical manualor why something happens/works e.g. to explain how a toaster works from something works a technical manual 5. encyclopedia entry 2. Explanation of how a 6. parts of a non-fiction spider spins a web from an book e.g. geography, science encyclopaedia
  3. 3. Purpose Audienceto help the readerunderstand a process aseasily as possible someone who wants to understand a process - how or why something happens/works
  4. 4. encyclopedia entry parts of a non-fiction book e.g. geography,scienceTechnical manuale.g. to explain howsomething works Explanation Texts leaflet or article e.g. why do... Write up of a science experiment science text book
  5. 5. Based on work by Sue PalmerThis happens... this... this... leading to... leading to...A series of logical steps... Labelled diagrams
  6. 6. Based on work by Sue PalmerAn alternative planning frame
  7. 7. Based on work by Sue PalmerLayout Features1. Clear layout2. use of labelled diagrams, keys, colourcoding etc3. use of boxes for extra information
  8. 8. Explanation Language Features Based on work by Sue Palmer1. Present tense2.Causal language e.g. if...then..., this results in,the reason that3. Sequential connectives e.g. firstly, then, next,later4. Impersonal language (see next page for moreexamples)5. Technical vocabulary e.g. layers of the earthscrust
  9. 9. Impersonal Language1. Third person2. Passive voice e.g. The liquid was placed in the continer.The motor was operated by...3. Formal vocabulary e.g. The jar was placed instead ofput.4. Formal connectives e.g. furthermore, consequently
  10. 10. Based on work by Sue Palmer
  11. 11. Heading outlining aim Clear layout Diagram Information in boxesof instructions Cearly sequenced paragraphs - sometimes numbered
  12. 12. Sequentialconnectives Technica l language Impersonal language - e.g passive voice
  13. 13. Click here to watch a short video clip of a tsunami. Can you use this clip to help you to plan and write an explanation of how a tsunami occurs. These pictures may also help you to include some of your own diagrams. Remember to use the organisation and language features you have learnt. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/animations/tsunami/main.htm l
  14. 14. These statements are in the wrong order. Can yousequence them to help you write you explanation?
  15. 15. Click here to watch an animated diagram ofthe life cycle of a plantHere are some pictures which show thedifferent stages of the life cycle of a beanplant. Can you sequence the pictures into thecorrect order and then use them to plan andwrite an explanation of the life cycle of aplant for a science text book.Remember to use the organisation andlanguage features you have learnt.http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks2bitesize/science/revision_bites/life_cycles1.shtml
  16. 16. Click here to watch an short clip of a doctorexplaining to his patient what he has done in orderto repair her broken fingers. The problem is that the film clip is faulty and there is no sound! Can you work with your partner to plan and write the explanation to go with the film clip? Maybe you could record your voices reading it out over the film clip to see if it fits? Dont forget to use the language features you have learnt.
  17. 17. Why is the sky blue?Why are leaves green?Why do feet smell? http://www.howstuffworks.com/
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