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Wh me ch_18.3

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  • 1. CHAPTER 27 Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind of War Section 3: The Russian Revolution Section 4: The Terms of Peace Section 5: Creating a “New” Europe World War I and the Russian Revolution
  • 2. SECTION 1 Ch 18.3 Bell Ringer: What events or circumstances led to the Russian Revolution and the creation of the Communist Party? Setting the Stage for War
  • 3. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War … covered one-sixth of the land surface of the globe, and was populated by almost 150 million people of more than a hundred different nationalities.
  • 4. Political Cartoon Setting the Stage for War
  • 5. Weaknesses of Russia
    • Insufficient food
    • Appropriate armaments; poorly equipped
    • Inadequate roads
    • Poorly led military
    • Corrupt, inefficient government
    • No faith in government or czar
    SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 6. Why was this time different?
    • Army sided with the demonstrators.
    • The Duma refused to disband.
    • Mar 1917 – Czar Nicholas abdicates – He and his family were soon imprisoned.
    SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 7. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 8. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War 6th June 1906: In a cartoon called 'Peril!' in Punch , Liberty says to the Tsar, 'Give him his head, it's your only chance, and mine!'
  • 9. With the overthrow of the czar, a temporary gov’t was set up until a constitutional assembly could be elected. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War While the new rules were trying to restore order, another group worked for more radical change.
  • 10. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies … organized when unrest began in Russia Soviet = council The leaders were socialists. Radical members called for immediate peace & land reforms. The provisional gov’t opposed both.
  • 11. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Two factions fought for control of the soviets. Mensheviks Bolsheviks
  • 12.
    • Vladimir Lenin – revolutionary socialist
    • Their slogan was “Peace, Bread, and Land”
    • His version of Marxism formed the basis of communism.
    SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 13. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War 7 Nov 1917 – the October Revolution The Bolsheviks overthrew the Constitutional Assembly because they did NOT have a majority in it.
  • 14. Peace and Civil War
    • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    • Communists faced great opposition – civil war breaks out early 1918 and lasts three years
    • Red Army vs Whites
    • The Allies helped the Whites for two reasons.
    • Renamed Russia …. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union)
    SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 15. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  • 16. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War