CHAPTER 17.1
Section 1: The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Section 2: European Claims in North Africa
Section 3: European Cl...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
• Imperialists
viewed
colonies as
___________
_ __________
•
__________
_
wante...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
We need to take a few to recap what we have learned about the 19th
century.
In ...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
The ideas of nationalism, though, swept through Europe.
Many people thought the...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Those European countries that accepted change and reform
emerged as stronger an...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
1870-1914 Height of the Age of Imperialism
…when one country takes control of a...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Types of Control
• Settlement colonies
• Dependent colonies
• Protectorates
• S...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Settlement colonies ~ Australia
…large groups of people from
one country living...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Dependent Colonies
…European officials would rule
non-European people.
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Protectorate
…local ruler keeps his title
but the Europeans had the
REAL power ...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Spheres of Influence
…an area where one nation has
a special interest and other...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Nationalism!
…nations believed that others would respect them more if
they had ...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
…a navy was just as
important as a large army.
Location,
location,
location!
Ti...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Now let’s look at
the economic
motives for
imperialism…
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
What pushed imperialism in the 19th
century?
Industrialization!
• Raw materials...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Rapid population growth
accompanied industrialization.
More people need more jo...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Cultural Motives
People were considered lacking if their religion
or culture di...
Political Cartoon
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Missionaries
Christian missionaries hoped to convert
people but they did other ...
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Now, let’s look at some visual sources and political cartoons…
Political Cartoon
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Political Cartoon
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Political Cartoon
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
Political Cartoon
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
SECTION 1
The Roots of Western
Imperialism
• Imperialists
viewed
colonies as
sources of
troops.
• Missionaries
wanted to
s...
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Wh me ch_17.1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 17.1 Section 1: The Roots of Western Imperialism Section 2: European Claims in North Africa Section 3: European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Section 4: Expansion in Asia Section 5: Imperialism in Latin America The Age of Imperialism
  2. 2. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism • Imperialists viewed colonies as ___________ _ __________ • __________ _ wanted to spread __________ __ Political Reasons Economic Reasons • European leaders wanted stable sources of _____________ _____________ ____ Cultural Reasons Bell Ringer 17.1: Why did Europeans establish colonies in foreign empires?
  3. 3. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism We need to take a few to recap what we have learned about the 19th century. In 1815 Europe reached a turning point. Napoleon had been defeated. The rulers hoped to return their empires to the old ways.
  4. 4. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism The ideas of nationalism, though, swept through Europe. Many people thought the unified nation-state was the best way to gain individual rights. This nationalism led to unrest and revolutions.
  5. 5. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Those European countries that accepted change and reform emerged as stronger and more unified states. The strongest of these began to expand their empires across the globe. How did they come to control most of the world?
  6. 6. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism 1870-1914 Height of the Age of Imperialism …when one country takes control of another country.
  7. 7. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Types of Control • Settlement colonies • Dependent colonies • Protectorates • Spheres of influences
  8. 8. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Settlement colonies ~ Australia …large groups of people from one country living together in a new place.
  9. 9. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Dependent Colonies …European officials would rule non-European people.
  10. 10. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Protectorate …local ruler keeps his title but the Europeans had the REAL power and controlled the area.
  11. 11. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Spheres of Influence …an area where one nation has a special interest and other nations agree to respect those special interests.
  12. 12. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Nationalism! …nations believed that others would respect them more if they had colonies. BONUS! Places to get extra TROOPS! BIGGER ARMIES!
  13. 13. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism …a navy was just as important as a large army. Location, location, location! Tiny islands with nothing but strategic location became very, very important.
  14. 14. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Now let’s look at the economic motives for imperialism…
  15. 15. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism What pushed imperialism in the 19th century? Industrialization! • Raw materials • New markets
  16. 16. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Rapid population growth accompanied industrialization. More people need more jobs AND more space.
  17. 17. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Cultural Motives People were considered lacking if their religion or culture differed from the West. They thought non-Western people were primitive – “half-devil and half child.” They used this idea to justify imposing their own values and cultural ideas on other peoples.
  18. 18. Political Cartoon The Roots of Western Imperialism
  19. 19. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Missionaries Christian missionaries hoped to convert people but they did other work as well. Medicine, hygiene, and sanitation spread along with Christianity.
  20. 20. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Now, let’s look at some visual sources and political cartoons…
  21. 21. Political Cartoon The Roots of Western Imperialism
  22. 22. The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  23. 23. The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  24. 24. The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  25. 25. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  26. 26. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  27. 27. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism • Imperialists viewed colonies as sources of troops. • Missionaries wanted to spread Christianity. Political Reasons Economic Reasons • European leaders wanted stable sources of raw materials. Cultural Reasons

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