Wh me ch_17.1
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Wh me ch_17.1 Wh me ch_17.1 Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 17.1 Section 1: The Roots of Western Imperialism Section 2: European Claims in North Africa Section 3: European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Section 4: Expansion in Asia Section 5: Imperialism in Latin America The Age of Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
        •  Imperialists viewed colonies as ____________ __________
        •  ___________ wanted to spread ____________
    Political Reasons Economic Reasons
        •  European leaders wanted stable sources of ______________________________
    Cultural Reasons Bell Ringer 17.1: Why did Europeans establish colonies in foreign empires?
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism We need to take a few to recap what we have learned about the 19 th century. In 1815 Europe reached a turning point. Napoleon had been defeated. The rulers hoped to return their empires to the old ways.
  • Turn in your Progress Report! Place it on my podium. SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism The ideas of nationalism, though, swept through Europe. Many people thought the unified nation-state was the best way to gain individual rights. This nationalism led to unrest and revolutions.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Those European countries that accepted change and reform emerged as stronger and more unified states. The strongest of these began to expand their empires across the globe. How did they come to control most of the world?
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism 1870-1914 Height of the Age of Imperialism … when one country takes control of another country .
    • Settlement colonies
    • Dependent colonies
    • Protectorates
    • Spheres of influences
    SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Types of Control
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Settlement colonies ~ Australia … large groups of people from one country living together in a new place.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Dependent Colonies … European officials would rule non-European people.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Protectorate … local ruler keeps his title but the Europeans had the REAL power and controlled the area.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Spheres of Influence … an area where one nation has a special interest and other nations agree to respect those special interests.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Nationalism! … nations believed that others would respect them more if they had colonies. BONUS! Places to get extra TROOPS! BIGGER ARMIES!
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism … a navy was just as important as a large army. Location, location, location! Tiny islands with nothing but strategic location became very, very important.
  • Now let’s look at the economic motives for imperialism… SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
    • Raw materials
    • New markets
    SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism What pushed imperialism in the 19 th century? Industrialization!
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Rapid population growth accompanied industrialization. More people need more jobs AND more space.
  • Cultural Motives SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism People were considered lacking if their religion or culture differed from the West. They thought non-Western people were primitive – “half-devil and half child.” They used this idea to justify imposing their own values and cultural ideas on other peoples.
  • Political Cartoon The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • Missionaries SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Christian missionaries hoped to convert people but they did other work as well. Medicine, hygiene, and sanitation spread along with Christianity.
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism Now, let’s look at some visual sources and political cartoons…
  • Political Cartoon The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  • The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  • The Roots of Western Imperialism Political Cartoon
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
  • SECTION 1 The Roots of Western Imperialism
        •  Imperialists viewed colonies as sources of troops.
        •  Missionaries wanted to spread Christianity.
    Political Reasons Economic Reasons
        •  European leaders wanted stable sources of raw materials.
    Cultural Reasons