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  1. 1. CHAPTER 17 Section 1: The Roots of Western Imperialism Section 2: European Claims in North Africa Section 3: European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Section 4: Expansion in Asia The Age of Imperialism
  2. 2. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Negative Effects Positive Effects The British ended _________ ________________________. The British treated the Indians as if ___________ ______________________. Bell Ringer 17.4: What were the positive and negative effects of British rule in India?
  3. 3. As Western imperialism reached into Asia and the Pacific during the 1800s, native peoples often responded with resistance and conflict. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  4. 4. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia British East India Company treated India like a private colony. … ruled 3/5 of Indian subcontinent -- rest divided into more than 550 states British gov’t took control after 1857.
  5. 5. The British were active rulers in India. <ul><li>Kept order; ended local wars </li></ul><ul><li>Built roads, bridges, railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Factories, hospitals, schools </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to improve Indian farming methods </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  6. 6. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia … people of two very different cultures living side by side. The British believed in their superiority.
  7. 7. Rise of Indian Nationalism <ul><li>British system of education had a powerful impact on the Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-rule movement began in late 1800s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some wanted independence gradually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others wanted to break all ties and sweep Western influences away </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The British kept the country on a tight rein. </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  8. 8. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia In 1853, the American commodore Matthew Perry arrived and demanded that Japan be opened to trade. By 1856, Japan was forced to receive Western consuls and to open ports to foreign trade.
  9. 9. Japanese Responses to Imperialism <ul><li>Westerners did NOT rule Japan – but Japanese would be influenced and would change its gov’t and industrialize </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  10. 10. Meiji Restoration <ul><li>1868 – group of samurai overthrew Tokugawa shogunate and returned the emperor to power. </li></ul><ul><li>Had grown impatient and wanted a gov’t and society more like the West. </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  11. 11. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Important changes … <ul><li>Did away with old feudal system. </li></ul><ul><li>Required ALL should be literate. </li></ul><ul><li>New constitution that gave voting rights to some </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Diet – bicameral legislature (House of Peers and House of Representatives) </li></ul>Meiji Restoration
  12. 12. Industrialization SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia The new government imposed military reforms to modernize Japan's army and established the foundation for industrialization. Lack of capital dictated direct government involvement in the stages of industrialization. Japan's careful management of industrialization limited foreign involvement . Japan would depend on the importation of equipment and raw materials from the West .
  13. 13. <ul><li>Gov’t bought new factory equipment from Western countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent students & leaders to the West. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 – Japan was the first country in Asia to industrialize. </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  14. 14. Sino-Japanese War <ul><li>China had control of Korea – and Japan had its eye on it. </li></ul><ul><li>1894 – rebellion broke out. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone thought China would have a quick easy victory… </li></ul><ul><li>WRONG! </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  15. 15. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Japan had a modern well equipped military … And they were prepared. Japan defeated China in less than 10 months- (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895)
  16. 16. Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 <ul><li>China was forced to give Korea its independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan gained control of island of Taiwan and the eastern portion of the bay of Liaodong Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>China agrees to pay to Japan as a war indemnity the sum of 200,000,000 Kuping taels ($160,000,000 in GOLD - 1895). </li></ul><ul><li>AND the right to trade in China. </li></ul>SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  17. 17. Imperialism in Southeast Asia SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Java, Sumatra & Borneo would become Indonesia in 1949 French Indochina ~Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam Siam would be a buffer between the French & British Burma ~east border with India Singapore ~control of vital trade route; imp. naval base Dutch East Indies French Gains British Colonies
  18. 18. American Imperialism in the Pacific The Samoa Islands Hawaiian Islands Philippines, Guam & Wake Island SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Why would the US want these little islands in the Pacific??
  19. 19. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia <ul><li>Coaling stations. </li></ul><ul><li>More trading partners </li></ul><ul><li>A haven for ship-wrecked sailors </li></ul>
  20. 20. Political Cartoon Expansion in Asia
  21. 21. Political Cartoon Expansion in Asia
  22. 22. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia In the next one week ... Britain capitulated. 14 May 1946 This cartoon shows a huge disconnect between British propaganda and reality. On 14th February, Illingsworth was busy depicting a ‘fractious’ India that would break up without the British Raj. Four days later, the 20 lakh colonial Indian armed forces, united and raised the banner of Independence. United across ranks, skin color, language, geography, religion, caste, height, weight – with only one thing uniting them. They were all Indians.
  23. 23. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  24. 24. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Modern badminton was &quot;discovered&quot; in the 19th century by British officers in India who watched locals play a game called Poona. In England it became known as &quot;Hit and Scream.&quot; But in 1873, at the Badminton House in Gloucestershire, the British version of the game was officially launched and henceforth known as badminton.
  25. 25. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia
  26. 26. SECTION 4 Expansion in Asia Negative Effects Positive Effects The British ended many local wars and massacres. The British treated the Indians as if they were inferior.
  27. 27. Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 26 <ul><ul><ul><li>1. What evidence is there that an industrialized country can control a country that is not industrialized? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. What evidence is there to show that areas were colonized because they met the transportation needs of other, more powerful countries? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. What evidence is there to show that areas were colonized for natural resources? </li></ul></ul></ul>