Ch 22.1 Aftermath of WWII
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Ch 22.1 Aftermath of WWII

on

  • 1,102 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,102
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
1,102
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Ch 22.1 Aftermath of WWII Ch 22.1 Aftermath of WWII Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 22 Section 1: Aftermath of War in Europe Section 2: Origins of the Cold War Europe and North America in the Postwar Years
    • SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe Yalta Conference Allied Control Council United Nations ensure lasting peace, decide how to deal with defeated nations to oversee temporary German government to prevent another war Bell Ringer 22.1: What were the purposes and results of the wartime conferences? Purpose Result
    • At the end of WWII, the Allied nations had trouble determining how to keep peace in Europe. SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Victory over the Axis powers brought on a whole new set of problems. To some degree, these problems were the result of decisions they had made during the war. SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • 1943 – The “Big Three” met in Tehran, Iran SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe … decided to defeat Germany on two fronts – Western Allies would attack from the west while Soviet forces would attack from the east.
    • Division & Occupation of Germany SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe City of Berlin
      • Poland?
        • Churchill & Roosevelt believed they should determine their own futures – Stalin promised to allow free elections …..hmmmmm
      • Eastern European gov’ts
        • Stalin wanted friendly gov’t under SOVIET control
      • How to prevent future war
        • They argued over sphere of influence
        • United Nations organization through collective security arrangements
      SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Political Cartoon Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Decisions made at Potsdam
      • Germany should remain a single country, although it would be divided for the time being.
      • Germany must be demilitarized.
      • Nazi Party outlawed.
      • Gov’t rebuilt on a democratic basis.
      • War crimes trials would be held.
      SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Demilitarization & Reparations
      • Disbanded all German land, air, and sea forces
      • All war industries to be dismantled.
      • German economic recovery? Very different views ….
      SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Nuremberg Trials
      • 1945-46
      • Special international court
      • Charged 22 Nazi leaders with crimes against humanity
      SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • Oct 1945 charter ratified to establish the United Nations (UN). Primary purpose = maintain international peace and security SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe Also designed to foster cooperation to solve cultural, economic, and social problems. Former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt would be instrumental in persuading Americans of the importance of the UN.
    • SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe Each permanent member of the Security Council can prevent action by using its veto power.
    • The war destroyed many European governments . . . Changes were happening. SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe Italy abolishes their monarchy and becomes a republic! France has a new constitution in 1946. Soviet Union establishes communist govts in Eastern Europe.
    • Peace would not be easy.
      • The Allies could not reach agreements.
      • Austria is restored in 1955 but must agree to remain neutral.
      • In the case of Germany, the Allies never reached a final settlement.
      • Germany would be formally divided into West and East Germany – two separate countries.
      SECTION 1 Aftermath of War in Europe
    • CHAPTER 22