CHAPTER 19.1 Section 1: The Postwar Era Objectives: 1>Summarize the general attitude of the times as they were expressed in the arts & literature of the post-WWI era. 2>List the new developments in science. 3>Outline the changes in people’s tastes as revealed in the literature, art, music, popular culture, and architecture. The Great Depression and the Rise of Totalitarianism
SECTION 1 Bell Ringer 19.1: What were some developments in science and art in the post WWI era? The Postwar Era Science and Art in the Postwar Era Causes Effect Freudian psychology surrealism functionalism
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era WWI profoundly disrupted European and American society. The mass destruction changed ideas about nations and people. Many people felt a sense of anxiety and concern for the future. New scientific discoveries added to the concern.
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Mass destruction and wholesale slaughter …. New events and ideas in science raised even stronger doubts about the predictable nature of the world.
People felt that the world was a frightening and unpredictable place. SECTION 1 The Postwar Era
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Sigmund Freud … founder of modern psychology … claimed that the unconscious often controlled people’s actions – explained the confusing and irrational events in life.
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Others looked to science – the theories of Albert Einstein People argued that different societies had different values. No one could say that ONE set of principles was good for ALL. This became known as moral relativism.
Major writings of the post-war years show dissatisfaction with traditional ideas. One group who expressed such disillusionment included several American writers who continued to live in Europe after the war. SECTION 1 The Postwar Era The Lost Generation
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Johnny Weismuller in 1922 broke the 100m record with 58.6 seconds swimming freestyle. Ralph Samuelson invents waterskiing in 1922.
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Greyhound racing was introduced in Great Britain in the mid-twenties. In 1926, Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim across the English Channel – 21 miles in 14:31 – beating the previous men’s record.
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Babe Ruth hit a total of 60 home runs in 1927!
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era The average American made $1,500 in 1920, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. If, like many Americans today, you put 10,000 miles a year on your Model T back then and got 15 miles per gallon, you'd have spent $133 annually at the pump. 10% of your income! Gas was 20 ¢ per gallon. … but don’t get excited.
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Science and Art in the Postwar Era Causes Effect Freudian psychology helped people understand the devastation of World War I surrealism combined conscious and unconscious to portray life in a dreamlike way functionalism buildings designed for particular use instead of following style