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Ch 12.5


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Holt World History: The Human Journey

Holt World History: The Human Journey

Published in: Education

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  • 1. CHAPTER 12 The French Revolution and Napoléon Section 1: The Roots of Revolution Section 2: The French Revolution Section 3: The French Republic Section 4: The Napoléonic Era Section 5: A Return to Peace
  • 2. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Bell Ringer 12.5: Why did politicians in Europe want to form alliances? Alliance? Main Members Was it purpose effective? Quadruple/ Quintuple Alliance Holy Alliance Concert of Europe
  • 3. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace With Napoleon defeated, now what? • Restore order • Keep the peace • SUPPRESS the ideas of the Revolution
  • 4. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace
  • 5. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Congress of Vienna I’m your lovely host. Metternich
  • 6. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Europe has to be repaired . . . Who is going to do it? G Great Britain Russia Oh yeah … and R France was represented a Austria by Talleyrand. P Prussia
  • 7. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Guiding Principles • Pay Back! (compensations) • Balance of Power • Legitimacy What do YOU think concerned them the most?
  • 8. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Territory was shuffled … The balance of power was restored … and a LARGE indemnity would be paid. France would be surrounded by a ring of strong states . . . It would never Threaten the peace of Europe again.
  • 9. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace
  • 10. Political Cartoon A Return to Peace
  • 11. Political Cartoon A Return to Peace Talleyrand receiving advice during the Congress.
  • 12. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace The decisions of the Congress of Vienna were a REACTION against the principals of the French Revolution. Reactionaries want to undo everything about Napoleon; they wanted the world as it was BEFORE the French Revolution.
  • 13. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Reactionary Alliances …spread of new political ideas and the rise of nationalism … MUST BE STOPPED! Constitutions were thrown out … Old monarchies were put back into power.
  • 14. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Europe was once again owned by an elite club, mainly six ruling families: the Hapsburgs (Austria and eastward), Hanovers (Britain), Romanovs (Russia), Ottomans (Turkey), Hohenzollerns (German states), and Bourbons (France, Spain, etc.). And that is just how they liked it!! TURN THAT CLOCK BACK!!
  • 15. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Alliances to prevent Quadruple spread of nationalism Alliance gb, r, a, p Quintuple Alliance Holy Alliance (now includes france) These would lead to . . .
  • 16. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Concert of Europe The first international organization in the modern world European powers would regularly meet to discuss and agree on policies Armed intervention against threats
  • 17. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace The Age of Metternich • Believed in absolute monarchy • Feared Liberalism • Aimed to prevent war • Return to Old Regime • How would he do this? –Extensive spy network Movement to extend –Strict censorship of the ideas of the education, the press, american & french and speech revolutions
  • 18. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace the Wartburg Festival of 1817 German students demonstrated for a national state and a liberal Constitution and condemned reactionary forces in the newly recreated German states. Result? See?? Metternich was RIGHT! Chaos is rampant!
  • 19. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace 1819 - Murder of a conservative playwright by a radical liberal student gave Metternich the perfect opportunity… He and his reactionary friends act swiftly - These liberal movements MUST BE stopped . . . . the Carlsbad Decrees
  • 20. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Carlsbad Decrees 1819 The decrees limited both student activity and the press; it kept the teachers from speaking out and set down harsh punishment on anyone who might even dare to question the monarch’s authority. Resistance will have to go underground . . .
  • 21. Visual Sources A Return to Peace
  • 22. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Britain was sympathetic to liberal movements… Why? What will result from this?
  • 23. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Metternich’s system of suppression worked quite well . . . For the most part. But ideals don’t die . . . It will begin to unravel when the Greeks revolt against their Ottoman Turk rulers fighting for their independence …
  • 24. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Any questions?? Now . . . Close your books . . . Time for your QUIZ!
  • 25. SECTION 5 A Return to Peace Main Members Organization purpose Quadruple/ discuss common Britain, Austria, Members met at Quintuple interests, keep Russia, Prussia, conferences. peace France Alliance Holy Alliance monarchs rule as all European Members met at Christians rulers except conferences. British king, Turkish sultan, and the pope Concert of keep peace and nations of Europe Members signed Europe status quo pledges.
  • 26. CHAPTER 12 Chapter Wrap-Up 1. Was the National Convention truly a representative form of government? 2. How did the Constitution of 1791 change the status of the French monarchy? 3. Compare and contrast the attitude of the Jacobins, Napoléon, and Prince Metternich toward freedom of speech.