CHAPTER 12
The French Revolution and
Napoléon

Section 1:   The Roots of Revolution
Section 2:   The French Revolution
Sec...
SECTION 3
The French Republic
    12.3 Bell Ringer:
    In what ways did the National
    Convention differ from the
    D...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
In our last class, France was faced with
having to creat...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
The Convention delegates were divided into three groups:...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
                  Jacobins
  • Republicans who favored d...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




    Danton           Marat         Robespierre

    ...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
    Who or What were
    the Sans-culottes?
They were th...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
                 Girondins
  • Lawyers, intellectuals an...
SECTION 3
 Israel and the Occupied
 The French Republic
 Territories
Brought Louis XVI to trial …
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




    Executed Louis XVI on 21 January 1793
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories

“Madame
Guillotine”




                 “The
         ...
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




Hostile foreign press
on the execution of
The ki...
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




   The Birth of the French
          Republic
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories

French army FINALLY stopped the foreign
invaders . . . ...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories

Committee of
Public Safety


-Created to meet the
threa...
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




           “the purifying pot of the Jacobins”
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
Events begin to spiral out of control …

Danton & Robesp...
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
           The Reign of Terror
             Sept 1793 – ...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
Danton declared the Reign of Terror had met
its goal . ....
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




Opposition views …
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories

Many of the Jacobins began to fear for
their own safety...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




July 28th 1794




The Reign of Terror was over.
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




      The Reign of Terror
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
    After the Reign of Terror …

•   Sense of relief
•  ...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
      Work of the National Convention

  • Opened new sc...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
                           The Directory
  • Two house l...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
And who would become their dictator?




An ambitious yo...
SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
Napoleon was a war hero having fought
against foreign in...
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories




  The Directory and Napoleon
Section 3 Reflection
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories


    Why would the French
      support anot...
Section 3 Reflection
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories



            Quiz Time!
        Close Your ...
SECTION 3
The French Republic


                         National               Directory
                        Conventi...
Political Cartoon
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories

 Use on
 test …
Visual Source
Israel and the Occupied
The French Republic
Territories
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Transcript of "Ch 12.3"

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12 The French Revolution and Napoléon Section 1: The Roots of Revolution Section 2: The French Revolution Section 3:The French Republic Section 4: The Napoléonic Era Section 5: A Return to Peace
  2. 2. SECTION 3 The French Republic 12.3 Bell Ringer: In what ways did the National Convention differ from the Directory? National Directory Convention Voters Executive branch Length of rule Use of terror
  3. 3. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories In our last class, France was faced with having to create a new government . . . This time without a king. Delegates were selected to convene a National Convention to write a new constitution. (The term was taken from the Constitutional Convention which drew up the US Constitution in 1787.) Universal Manhood Suffrage
  4. 4. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Convention delegates were divided into three groups: Jacobins “waffles” Girondins
  5. 5. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Jacobins • Republicans who favored domination by Paris • Were supported by the Commune and sans- culottes • wanted reforms to benefit ALL classes –believed that the vote should be universal, popular education, and that the gov’t should provide for the welfare of the poor • The more radical members were called The Mountain (for where they sat in the Convention)
  6. 6. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Danton Marat Robespierre Leaders of the Jacobins
  7. 7. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Who or What were the Sans-culottes? They were the working people, the shop owners, the trades people, the artisans, and even the factory workers.
  8. 8. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Girondins • Lawyers, intellectuals and journalists, the Girondins attracted a following of businessmen, merchants, industrialists, and financiers. • Feared that the Parisians would take over …
  9. 9. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Brought Louis XVI to trial …
  10. 10. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Executed Louis XVI on 21 January 1793
  11. 11. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories “Madame Guillotine” “The National Razor”
  12. 12. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Hostile foreign press on the execution of The king. February 1793
  13. 13. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Birth of the French Republic
  14. 14. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories French army FINALLY stopped the foreign invaders . . . Good news! Now they start to “export” the Revolution . . . European monarchs join together in an alliance Against the French and invade France . . .
  15. 15. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Committee of Public Safety -Created to meet the threat of invasion -est. a special court for “enemies of the Revolution” --The Revolutionary Tribunal -adopted conscription to fill the army
  16. 16. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories “the purifying pot of the Jacobins”
  17. 17. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Events begin to spiral out of control … Danton & Robespierre arrest their enemies … namely the Girondins. Charlotte Corday assassinates Marat.
  18. 18. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories
  19. 19. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Reign of Terror Sept 1793 – July 1794 -supposedly punished enemies of the Republic -Marie-Antoinette -basically ANYONE suspected of disloyalty including Girondin opponents -Olympe de Gouges executed TWICE as many bourgeoisie as nobles MORE THEN TWICE as many peasants & workers as bourgeoisie …
  20. 20. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Danton declared the Reign of Terror had met its goal . . . Robespierre didn’t think so … Guess who was next …
  21. 21. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Opposition views …
  22. 22. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Many of the Jacobins began to fear for their own safety . . . A conspiracy was formed to overthrow Robespierre.
  23. 23. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories July 28th 1794 The Reign of Terror was over.
  24. 24. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Reign of Terror
  25. 25. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories After the Reign of Terror … • Sense of relief • Jacobins lost power • Wealthy middle class took control • Riots by poor were put down by the army • By 1794 people began to favor a return to a • monarchy
  26. 26. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Work of the National Convention • Opened new schools – universal elementary education • Wage & price controls • Abolished slavery in French colonies • Encourage religious toleration • Metric system • New militaristic spirit – used army to quell dissent • Crushed Paris uprising 1795 – new gov’t would not accept any opposition
  27. 27. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Directory • Two house legislature • Executive branch = 5 directors • Only male property owners could vote • Not effective – directors were weak & corrupt • Used army against unrest • Paved the way for a military dictatorship
  28. 28. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories And who would become their dictator? An ambitious young army officer . . . . Napoleon.
  29. 29. SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Napoleon was a war hero having fought against foreign invaders . . . His supporters would use his popularity to overthrow the Directory … Coup d’etat!
  30. 30. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories The Directory and Napoleon
  31. 31. Section 3 Reflection Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Why would the French support another upheaval in their government?
  32. 32. Section 3 Reflection Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Quiz Time! Close Your Books!
  33. 33. SECTION 3 The French Republic National Directory Convention Voters universal manhood male property owners suffrage only Executive committees 5 directors branch Length of 3 years 4 years rule Use of terror yes no
  34. 34. Political Cartoon Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories Use on test …
  35. 35. Visual Source Israel and the Occupied The French Republic Territories
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