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Ch 11.5
 

Ch 11.5

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World History: The Human Journey - Modern World

World History: The Human Journey - Modern World

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    Ch 11.5 Ch 11.5 Presentation Transcript

    • CHAPTER 11 Enlightenment and Revolution in England and America Section 1: Civil War and Revolution Section 2: Constitutional Monarchy in England Section 3: English Colonial Expansion Section 4: The Enlightenment Section 5: The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution 11.5 Bell Ringer Question: What British policies were implemented in the mid-1700s, and how did the American colonists react to them? British policy Colonial Reaction Why did the British do it?
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution New ideas in gov’t were not confined to Europe in the 1700s …..
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Seven Years War
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution English war debts 1688-1783 British politicians expected the colonists to repay the war debt.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Mercantilist trade laws began to be enforced…. And the colonists reacted ….
    • Political Cartoon The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution
    • Political Cartoon The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Doesn’t EVERYONE have to pay taxes? WHY would the colonists believe “Taxation without that they didn’t have to pay?? representation is tyranny."
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Did everyone support the revolution? Draw a two column chart …
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution • Patriots • Loyalists • 'Whigs', 'Congress-men', • "Tories", or "King's men" or 'Americans' • about 15-20% of the • included a full range of population remained loyal to the British Crown social and economic classes, but all agreed to • typically older, less willing to break with old loyalties, often the need to defend the connected to the Church of rights of Americans England, and included many established merchants with business connections across the Empire, as well as royal officials
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution A minority of uncertain size tried to stay neutral in the war. Most kept a low profile. However, the Quakers, especially in Pennsylvania, were the most important group that was outspoken for neutrality.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution The Patriots take action …. Met in Philadelphia in 1774 (First Continental Congress) and demanded full rights of British citizens Agreed to meet the next year …
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution By April 1775 British Troops felt threatened by colonists so they tried to seize colonists’ guns & powder – The “shot heard 'round the world" -- Lexington & Concord
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Second Continental Congress May 1775 Philadelphia The colonies prepare for war.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Thomas Jefferson Declaration of Independence
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Articles of Confederation 1781 One-house congress; each state had one vote Weak central gov’t – could not levy taxes or coin money; could not regulate trade with foreign nations or states; no chief executive; only courts were state courts Power was in the hands of the States.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Philadelphia Convention 1787 James Madison and Alexander Hamilton from the outset wanted to create a new government rather than "fix" the existing one. The result was the Constitution of the United States.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution The Constitution • Federal system dividing power between a strong central gov’t and the states • Three branches in central gov’t • Ratified 1789 • Bill of Rights added in 1791
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Effects of American Independence • Major event in world history • Democratic gov’t was a radical idea at the time • Restricted voting to males and property owners How are the ideals of the Enlightenment reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution Now, let’s look at today’s bellringer … What British policies were implemented in the mid-1700s, and how did the American colonists react to them?
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Colonists were Colonists felt that Britain wanted to forbidden to Britain was avoid Settle in the curbing American Indian Land west of their liberties. uprising. the Appalachian Mountains
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Sugar Act of Britain was Colonists saw 1764 - enforcing its this as a threat imposed mercantilist trade to their liberties. taxes on laws. Why NOW? sugar & other imports from non-British colonies.
    • SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Stamp Act of WHAT IS UP Britain was again 1765 – WITH THIS?? trying to get money imposed a Colonists will to pay for war tax on all boycott British debts. sorts of goods to get everyday Parliament to documents repeal the tax.
    • Political Cartoon The American Revolution Benjamin Franklin’s Join, or Die political cartoon, published in 1754 in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
    • Political Cartoon The American Revolution Three men, symbols of Britain’s other colonies or enemies, egg on George Washington in bestowing thirteen Stripes on Britannia for being a tyrant to the American colonies.