AP World History Imperialism Revolution Unification DBQThe name of your least favorite animal: ________________________________________________Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents. (Thedocuments have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) Write your answer on thelined pages of the free-response booklet.This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historicaldocuments.Write an essay that: - Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents. - Uses all of the documents. - Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually. - Takes into account the sources of the documents and analyzes the authors’ point of view. - Identifies and explains the need for at least one additional type of document.For the purposes of this document based question, the following scores based on therubric will receive the following numerical grade in the grade book: • 9 – 105 • 8 – 100 • 7 – 95 • 6 – 89 • 5 – 83 • 4 – 79 • 3 – 73 • 2 – 65 • 1 – 60 • 0 – 50 (If you get this score you are trying to fail!!!!)You may refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents. 1.) Using the following documents, analyze the causes and consequences of government changes between 1800 – 1914. Identify and explain one additional type of document and explain how it would help your analysis of the government changes. Historical Background: The Age of Empire building led to a spirit of Nationalism and Revolution that revolved around the 19th century. The colonial countries soon changed the way they were ruled.
Document 1Source: Prempeh I, Ashanti leader, response to a British offer ofprotectorate status, West Africa, 1891.The suggestion that Ashanti in its present state should come and enjoy theprotection of Her Majesty the Queen of England and Empress of India is a matterof very serious consideration. I am pleased to announce that we have arrived at theconclusion that my kingdom of Ashanti will never commit itself to any suchpolicy. Ashanti must remain as of old and at the same time remain friendly withall White men.Document 2Source: Menelik II, emperor of Ethiopia, letter to Great Britain, France,Germany, Italy, and Russia, 1891.I have no intention at all of being an indifferent spectator, if the distant Powershold onto the idea of dividing up Africa. For the past fourteen centuries Ethiopiahas been an island of Christians in a sea of Pagans.Since the All-Powerful has protected Ethiopia up until now, I am hopeful that Hewill keep and enlarge it also in the future, and I do not think for a moment that Hewill divide Ethiopia among the distant Powers. In the past, the boundary ofEthiopia was the sea. Without our use of force and without the aid of theChristians, our boundary on the sea fell into the hands of the Muslims. Today wedo not pretend to be able to recover our seacoast by force; but we hope that theChristian Powers, advised by our Savior, Jesus Christ, will restore our seacoastboundary to us, or give us at least a few ports along the coast.
Document 3Source: Mojimba, African chief, describing a battle in 1877 on theCongo River against British and African mercenaries, as told to aGerman Catholic missionary in 1907.And still those bangs went on; the long sticks spat fire, pieces of iron whistledaround us, fell into the water with a hissing sound, and our brothers continued tofall. We ran into our village and they ran after us. We fled into the forest and flungourselves on the ground.When we returned that evening our eyes beheld fearful things: our brothers, dead,bleeding, our village plundered and burned, and the river full of dead bodies. Youcall us wicked men, but you White men are much more wicked! You thinkbecause you have guns you can take away our land and our possessions. You havesickness in your heads, for this is not justice.Document 4Source: White Man’s Burden 1899by the British poet Rudyard Kipling, a poem in response to theAmerican take over of the Phillipines during the Spanish-AmericanWar.Take up the White Mans burden--Send forth the best ye breed--Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives need;To wait in heavy harness,On fluttered folk and wild--Your new-caught, sullen peoples,Half-devil and half-child.Take up the White Mans burden--In patience to abide,To veil the threat of terrorAnd check the show of pride;By open speech and simple,An hundred times made plainTo seek anothers profit,And work anothers gain.
Document 5Letters from Pastor John G. Paton to the British Parliament regardingannexation of the South Sea Islands (1883)For the following reasons we think the British government ought now to take possession ofthe New Hebrides group of the South Sea islands, of the Solomon group, and of all theintervening chain of islands from Fiji to New Guinea:1. Because she has already taken possession of Fiji in the east, and we hope it will soon beknown authoritatively that she has taken possession of New Guinea at the northwest,adjoining her Australian possessions, and the islands between complete this chain of islandslying along the Australian coast.2. The sympathy of the New Hebrides natives are all with Great Britain, hence they long forBritish protection, while they fear and hate the French, who appear eager to annex thegroup, because they have seen the way the French have treated the native races in NewCaledonia, the Loyalty Islands, and other South Sea islands……For the above reasons, and others that might be given, we sincerely hope and pray thatyou will do all possible to get Victoria and the other colonial governments to help and unitein urging Great Britain at once to take possession of the New Hebrides group. Whetherlooked at in the interests of humanity, or of Christianity, or commercially, or politically, sureit is most desirable that they should at once be British possessions. Document 6 Political cartoon on American possession of Philippines. (1899)
Document 7 Political cartoon regarding the Imperial divisions of the spheres of influence in China by the European and Japanese powers.Document 8John Stuart Mill’s essay on Why Colonies and Colonization (1848)If it is desirable, as no one will deny it to be, that the planting of colonies should beconducted, not with an exclusive view to the private interests of the first founders, butwith a deliberate regard to the permanent welfare of the nations afterwards to arise fromthese small beginnings; such regard can only be secured by placing the enterprise, from itscommencement, under regulations constructed with the foresight and enlarged views ofphilosophical legislators; and the government alone has power either to frame suchregulations, or to enforce their observance.
Least Favorite Animal:Directions: Use the following pages to write yourDBQ response. You may have on your desk: Thispacket and the DBQ rubric. This will be timed.You will have 60 minutes to complete this essay.Use ten minutes to pre-write and group yourdocuments. Then use the other fifty to write youressay. Remember, you need to police yourselves!The teacher will not give you time indicators.Good Luck!
Acceptable Thesis: Y N ________________Acceptable Other Doc: Y N ________________Point of View: Y N ________________Doc Understandin POV Use g12345678Rubric Grade: ________ Final Grade: ___________Comments: