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Group2 week3 charter_schools071910
 

Group2 week3 charter_schools071910

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    Group2 week3 charter_schools071910 Group2 week3 charter_schools071910 Presentation Transcript

    • Charter Schools Wayne McMahon Claudine Cottini Elizabeth Van Dunk Allison Dziados
      • History of Charter Schools
        • Started in the 1970's by Ray Budde
        • Budde suggested that groups of teachers be given "charters" to explore new ideas and ways of educating students.
        • During the 1980's Philadelphia began experiments with schools within schools.
        • When that succeeded, it began to catch on in other states
        • Minnesota was the first state to pass a Charter School law in 1991
        • The number of states passing Charter School laws increased from 19 in 1995 to 42 in 2004.
        • The New York State Charter Schools Act was passed in December 1998.
      • What are Charter Schools?
        • Called schools of choice
        • Get their name from their 5-year terms or "charters"
        • Students can choose to enroll in a school that may offer a unique learning environment
        • Teachers and administrators have the ability to make more decisions than they would in public schools.
        • Measurable goals are set.  If goals are not attained, their charter may be revoked.
        • Currently there are more than 5,000 charter schools that serve over 1.5 million students nationally.
        • In 2008, more than 39,000 students applied for 8,500 openings at charter schools in New York City
        • Not bound by governmental control, but are responsible for accountability standards, teacher-student ratios, and health laws.
      • $$Who Pays$$
        • Publicly funded and tuition free for all students
        • Charter schools get a minimum allocation per student each year
        • According to a 2009 study done for New York, the allocation was $12,443 per student.
        • In New York, additional funds for supplies, health, textbooks, and security (in New York City) are also provided.
        • Students in the general population receive $16,673 per student
        • A portion of the operating costs may also come from private sources
        • Governor Patterson just vetoed an education bill in July 2010 that lifted a per student cap on charter schools that has been in place since 2008.
        • This will result in an additional $70 million dollars being paid to charter schools state wide.
      • Demographics of Charter Schools
        • Charters tend to have smaller than 200 students
        • Tend to exist in urban areas rather than rural
        • Tend to be somewhat more racially diverse
        • Enroll fewer special needs students
        • A 2008 survey of charter schools found that 59% of them had a waiting list.
        • Provide choice and competition in public education
        • Alternative to school vouchers (B. Clinton)
        • Inclusive of teacher unions (G. W. Bush)
        • Free from certain regulations and codes
        • Prototypes for success
        • Don’t need to follow certain mandated practices
        • Performance-based
        • Choose their own approach to education
        • Continued charter contingent upon
          • Sound fiscal management
          • Ability to attract students
          • Student accountability
      Advantages of Charter Schools
    • Harlem students talk about why they love going to a charter school
    • About Charter Schools
        • “ Public Charter Schools are
        • independent public schools that are free to be more innovative and are
        • held accountable for improved student achievement. They foster a partnership between parents, teachers and students to create an environment in which
        • parents can be more involved,
        • teachers are given the freedom to innovate and
        • students are provided the structure they need to learn.” (NAPCS, 2008)
    • The Stanford Study (CREDO, 2010)
      • Summary of Findings for Harlem
        • With the students they have enrolled, New York City charter schools provide significantly better results for the following groups of students:
      Reading All Students Students enrolled for 2 years Students enrolled for 3 years Blacks Hispanics Students in most starting deciles (well below average academically)
      • Math
        • All Students
        • Students enrolled for 1 year
      • Students enrolled for 2 years
      • Students enrolled for 3 years
      • Blacks
      • Hispanics
      • Students in most starting deciles
    • The Disadvantages of Charter Schools
      • There are many proponents of charter schools including President Obama, but there are many opponents with valid points.
      • Disadvantages:
      • 1. Financial competition with public school systems
      • 2. Standards: Educators  
      • 3. Inability to meet ALL student's needs
      • 4. Student enrollment
    • Competition: Is it benficial or detrimental?
      • Financially
      •  
        • Makes it more difficult for public schools to excel (enotes).
          • Students in public schools are being deprived of the advantantages granted in charter schools. 
            • youtube clip: Class Size matters   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egq8nBUpgcI&feature=related
        • Decreases funds allocated to public schools
          • With each student taken from a charter school, funds are taken away from public school systems
            • This amount tripled from 2002-2004, cost districts $millions
    • What About the Educator?
        • Teacher Turnover is high
          • Teachers have less experience
          • Salary can be lower than the average teacher
          • No Teacher Union to defend teachers
            • Teacher "Burnout"
      • ( http://teachertipstraining.suite101.com/article.cfm/how_to_be_a_more_successful_teacher_in_2010 )
      •  
      •  
    • School Environment
        • Education for students and families becomes competative
          •   Limited availability compared to public schools
            • Limited to families interested
            • Acception can become biased towards favored families.
      • ( Jan McComb. March 2002)
        • Limited funds
          • Cannot properly provide resources for students with disabilities (Rapp & Eckes, 2007 p617)
        • Disprortionate population
          • A large quantity of Charter schools are located in urban areas.
            • Population = minority students( http://news/wush.edu/news/Pages/901.aspx )
          • Some fear social stratification
            • Separating students by achievements, class, race, social class, & culture. (Rapp& Eckes, 2007,p617)
    • Future of Charter Schools   It is no secret that charters were vigorously fought by the educational establishment for many years, seen as a vehicle for taking money from the old-school publics and "diluting" the school district's mission.   As years have gone by, we've seen many charters do extremely well (and some still very poorly), as the model has moved into the mainstream and status quoers' ire has instead been directed at vouchers and similar programs.
    • In many ways, quality charters can serve as incubators for best practice in our school districts.  They allow us to strengthen administrative functions and oversights.  They allow us to set tough standards and chart the path to reach them.  They allow us to innovate, both in terms of instruction and social structures.  And they allow us to break the notion that we can't expect more, and we should be satisfied with the status quo.   Some say that public schools will eventually take over and there will no longer be charter schools.   Others say that charter schools will remain and keep building the standards for the public schools to follow.
    • TEP Charter School There is one charter school that is located in New York City. This charter school offers an excellent salary for their teachers. Salary is $125,000 a year with a chance to earn bonuses. The teachers have to meet rigorous requirements.   At this charter school the teachers have several prep and planning times built in to their daily schedules as well as specific times to observe other colleagues.   The teachers are granted a one year sabbatical every five years.
    • Charter Schools Controversy
    • References
        • Center for Research on Education Outcomes, CREDO, 2010). Charter School Performance in New York City. Retrieved from www.credo.stanford.edu
      • Charter Schools Research Brief (2008). Center for Urban and Multicultural Education.  Retrieved from
      • http://education.iupui.edu/cume/pdf/charterschoolsbrieffinal.pdf
      • Chen, Grace (2007).  What is a Charter School?  Public School Review Retrieved from http://www.publicschoolreview.com/articles/3
        • National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (NAPCS).
          • http://www.publiccharters.org/
        • New York City Charter School Center.  Retrieved from
      • http:// nyccharterschools.org
        • TEP Charter School website http:// www.tepcharter.org
        • TheTakeawayPRIWNYC (March 11, 2009). Harlem students talk about why they love going to a charter school [video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxXiVH47P-s
        • Otterman, Sharon (February 24, 2010).  Charter Schools Get Less Money per Student, Study Says.The New York Times. Retrieved from http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com