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Open Education for Ticer Summerschool

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Presentation about Open Education and Libraries for the TICER Summerschool on August 24th 2012.

Presentation about Open Education and Libraries for the TICER Summerschool on August 24th 2012.

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  • OpenCourseWare is part of Open Educational Resources, but while OER can be a single object, OpenCourseWare is a package of course materials, such as syllabi, tests, lecture notes, videos of lectures, recordings, reading lists, etc.
  • Institutions are the stewards of the collectionDoesn’t mean that anything can go upOCW can be used to advance particular objectives of an institution
  • Embed the video of http://vimeo.com/43437812
  • The Open Course Library is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrollment college courses. 42 courses have been completed so far, providing faculty with a high-quality option that will cost students no more than $30 per course.
  • Some institutions that are using OCW and OERs to broaden access and offer alternatives to the current educational systems.
  • Another interesting activity being undertaken in Indonesia is the use of OER in formal educational program. The University of Bandun wanted to develop programs in water management. As you know, developing new courses and programs requires a significant financial and time commitment. Rather than investing in faculty developing theoretical lectures, they decided to use these lectures freely and openly offered by Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, and focus their development efforts on contextualizing theoretical and practical approaches in Indonesian environments and society.
  • Moving to the other side of the world, I would like to make a few comments on an OER activity in Brazil that speaks to the question of increasing access to higher education that was highlighted by many of the Ministers this morning.
  • Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) is Brazil’s largest non-governmental provider of distance education, serving approximately 90,000 online students. They offer a number of their courses as open educational resources. Students can complete these courses with no registration or fees, and, if they achieve passing marks on the embedded test, they are able to print a self declaration of learning. This certificate carries no credit and does not complete any degree requirements, but nonetheless, they have had over 1.5 million of these certificates printed. There are no fees for the certificate, rather, they require these learners to fill out a survey before printing the self declaration. This has given them considerable data.
  • The data collected has shown that they are reaching learners that they do not reach with their for credit, paid course offerings. In particular, 40% nave no post-secondary training or education, nearly 55% of leaners are women, and the vast majority are low income learners.
  • In short, FGV has found that their open courses has resulted in increased access.Also of note, FGV has been able to directly attribute more than 8500 enrollments in formal courses to learners following open courses, so there has been financial benefit to the institution in addition to mission benefit.
  • Since librarians have the skills, expertise and commitment to lead open education, perhaps all that’s missing is support.
  • We hope you’ll join us – thank you – flip through the next three slides rather quickly

Transcript

  • 1. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  • 2. Willem van Valkenburg Director TU Delft OpenCourseWare OCW.tudelft.nl Assistant to the President of the OpenCourseWare Consortium Projectleader EU-project OCW in the European HE context twitter.com/wfvanvalkenburg slideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburg
  • 3. Opening education: What, Who, Why?(and how libraries can lead)
  • 4. What is happening?
  • 5. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/04/us/auditing-classes-at-mit-on-the-web-and-free.html
  • 6. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/16/science/16stanford.html
  • 7. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/world/europe/19iht-educlede19.html?_r=1
  • 8. http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2012/05/06/will-edx-put-harvard-and-mit-out-of-business/
  • 9. http://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/technology-and-learning/why-every-university-does-not-need-mooc
  • 10. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/259953/
  • 11. What are all those abbreviations?
  • 12. What is “Open”?• Free • Quality assurance• Shared • Varied availability by• Choices disciplines• Ability to adapt • Available to anybody• Cost effective • Digital• Ability to tailor & build • Often multimedia your own • Accessibility—more• Creative Commons accessible to some and• Freedom of info and use less to others CC-BY Brandon Muramatsu: http://www.slideshare.net/bmuramatsu/oex
  • 13. OCW part of the Open Movement Open Content • OCW is only one type of Open Educational Open Resource (OER). Educational • OERs are only one type of Resources Open Content. • We have much to share OCW with each other.
  • 14. What are Open Educational Resources?• Shared educational materials• Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification• Available to anyone via the internet (and often other means)
  • 15. What is OpenCourseWare?• High quality educational materials organized as courses A course is package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, designed to lead to greater understanding of the issue or topic• Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification, available to all on the internet
  • 16. What is a MOOC• Massive• Open• Online• Course Image CC-BY-NC Gordon Lockhart: http://gbl55.wordpress.com/2011/03/08/cck11-man-this-mooc-is-something-else/
  • 17. Massive• Stanford University – Artificial Intelligence course – 160,000 students• MIT – Circuits and Electronics course – 120,000 students• Indiana – Instructional Ideas and Technology Tools for Online Success – 4,000 students
  • 18. Open• Everybody can participate• But more important, there are many ways to participate: – ‘open’ means being able to watch – ‘open’ means being able to participate at your own level – ‘open’ means participating publicly, so other can watch Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/education-as-platform Image CC-BY-NC-SA: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcwathieu/2412755417/
  • 19. Online• Means that it is connective, interactive• You can’t put a MOOC on a DVD• The MOOC is the process• It is a process that is greatly aided by being online: – Many tasks are automated, scaffolded – Much greater communicative capacity – More access to data, calculations Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/education-as-platform Image CC-BY-NC-SA: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/5552385806/
  • 20. Kind of MOOCs
  • 21. Mechanical MOOC Exercises & Content QuizzesE-mail Lists Study Groups
  • 22. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What are OpenCourseWare projects?• Institutions that have committed to sharing some of their educational materials with the world• Can be text only – reproduction of materials used for classroom lectures• Can include video, recordings, materials developed especially for internet learning• Can be translations of courses already on OCW sites• Can be remixes of materials from various courses and local contexts
  • 23. What is Open Education?• Ecosystem of different Open Initiatives:
  • 24. Comparing OPEN TRADITIONAL COURSE OPEN EDUCATION ONLINE EDUCATION WAREACCESS Tuition fee Open Open Tuition feeSTUDENT Yes, mostly No Yes, online learning Yes, online learningINTERACTION offline platform & social platform & social media mediaINTERACTION Yes No Yes, online learning Yes, online learning platform & social platform & socialWITH media mediaLECTURERSEXAMS Yes Yes, but Yes, online Yes, online and on self testing campusCERTIFICATES Yes, No Yes, non accredited Yes, accredited accreditedDIPLOMA Yes, No No Yes, accredited accreditedTranslated from http://www.e-learn.nl/2012/07/06/onderwijs-in-de-online-wereld
  • 25. Why Open Education Matters
  • 26. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What is behind this?
  • 27. Why OER? Education Buy One, Paradox The $5 is Sharing Get One of Free Textbooktechnical argument political argument financial argument financial argumentFacilitate the Continuous Content is Do the RightUnexpected Improvement Infrastructure Thing serendipity quality argument innovation argument moral argument argumentCC BY David Wiley:http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/openness-arguments-and-examples
  • 28. 1. Education is Sharing
  • 29. 1. Education is Sharing• Teachers Share With Students• Students Share With Teachers• Knowledge is Magical: – Can be given without being given away• Educational Sharing also means adapting or editing – but copyright forbids this
  • 30. 2. Buy One, Get One
  • 31. Who Pays for Research?• Publishers make 2% of the investment, then take © and charge you for access• Public (Who Paid) Has No AccessAll taxpayer-funded educational resourcesshould be OER
  • 32. 3. The Paradox of Free Won’t people stop paying for thecourse materials or books if they’re free?
  • 33. Research from David Wiley• Over 2% of people who access open online courses become paying customers• Downloads of free online books correlate strongly with sales of print books• A for-profit business can be financially successful using CC licenses on its textbooks Source: davidwiley.org
  • 34. 4. The $5 Textbook
  • 35. 4. The $5 Textbook• Open Textbooks: FlatWorldKnowledge.com – Pay $35 instead of $150 - $200 per book – http://opencontent.org/calculator
  • 36. 5. Facilitate the Unexpected
  • 37. http://openeducation.us/
  • 38. Mechanical MOOC
  • 39. 6. Continuous Improvement Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do
  • 40. What If You Could Know• Which students need the most help?• Specifically what those students need help on?• The least effective parts of you curriculum?• Which parts of your tests are malfunctioning?Knowing what needs fixed, when you don’thave permission to fix it
  • 41. OpennessGives us permission to makechanges and improvements
  • 42. 7. Content is Infrastructure
  • 43. • To speed innovation, increase quality and decrease cost of infrastructure• Content is Critical – An important part of every educational institution’s infrastructure• Examples – Openstudy.com – University of the People: tuition-free online university – OER University – Mozilla Badges
  • 44. 8. Do the Right Thing
  • 45. Consider Our Responsibility What kind of ethical or moral responsibility do we have? Who are you accountable to?
  • 46. Who we are
  • 47. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Our missionto advance formal and informal learningthrough the worldwide sharing and use offree, open, high-quality education materialsorganized as courses.
  • 48. Over 260 institutions andorganizations worldwide supportingopen sharing in education
  • 49. • ~260 members• ~170 live OCW sites• ~20,000 courseshttp://www.ocwconsortium.org
  • 50. 25000 # of courses 21,05620000 18,135 16,574 15,885 16,12315000 10,55010000 7,591 6,0235000 4,634 3,845 3,188 1,747 995 1,306 511 550 760 0
  • 51. Why do Universities participate in OpenCourseWare?
  • 52. Why? Philosophical• Expanding access to education & knowledge• Building on others’ ideas• Creating possibilities for new educational systems• Maximizing educational euros
  • 53. Why? Institutional benefits• Showcasing existing courses and educational quality  transparency = respect & trust  good public relations
  • 54. Why? Institutional benefits• Strengthen teaching and learning outcomes – Provide examples of excellence for faculty and students – Professional development – Supports student learning – Can lead to partnerships, collaborations, recognition
  • 55. Why? Outreach benefits• Bridge between secondary and higher education – Skill and knowledge courses available to prepare students for higher education – Assist disadvantaged learners and those returning to education – Insure good fit between student and institution
  • 56. Why? Outreach benefits• Workforce development – Updating skills – Retraining sectors that are downsizing or becoming dated – Pathways to short courses or certificatesUS Department of Labor $2,000,000,000 TAA grant specifically to supportcreation of job retraining OER
  • 57. Why? Innovation • Current global higher ed system can’t reach everyone who wants an education. • Cost and access barriers to current system. • Systems don’t serve everyone equally well. UNESCOs world conference on Higher Education projects that post- secondary education will need to provide places for an additional 98 million learners over the next 15 years. Stated differently, this would require "require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years". (Daniel 2011.)
  • 58. Some examples
  • 59. Washington’s Open Course Library• A collection of openly licensed (CC-BY) educational materials for 81 high-enrollment college courses Project Goals: – Lower textbook costs for students – Improve course completion rates – Provide new resources for faculty Credit: Tom Caswell, CC BY – Please visit: http://opencourselibrary.org Credit: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC-SA
  • 60. http://www.uopeople.org/groups/tuition-free-education
  • 61. http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home
  • 62. https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges
  • 63. 300+ institutions and organizations worldwide Brazil
  • 64. Successful achievement on test allows learners to print a self declaration of learning
  • 65. >1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from successful completion of open courses Through open courses they are reaching a population they don’t normally serve >40% have no education or training beyond secondary school Income range % Gender %>8.500 enrollments in formal courses 77% up to US$ 1250,00
  • 66. >1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from successful completion of open courses Through open courses they are reaching a population they don’t normally serve >40% have no education or training beyond secondary school Income range % Gender %>8.500 enrollments in formal courses 77% up to US$ 1250,00
  • 67. How can libraries lead?
  • 68. Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Serves a variety of users• Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials• Supports educational pursuits• Community center for idea exchange• Public good
  • 69. Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Serves a variety of users• Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials• Supports educational pursuits• Community center for idea exchange• Public goodThese also describe Open Educational Resources
  • 70. . http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/223314057/How?Commitment to sharing knowledge andimproving access to educationExpertise and experience to advance learningin the digital age
  • 71. .How?Infrastructure expertise: •Copyright •Metadata •Indexing •Storage •Search and discovery •Creating and maintaining repositories •Sharing resources among disbursed repositories
  • 72. .How?Relationships: •Libraries sit at the heart of universities – have unbiased relationships with all departments and units •Librarians are trusted partners in academics •Already doing outreach with faculty, staff, students on available resources
  • 73. .How?You already have theskills, expertise andcommitment to leadopen education atyour university http://www.flickr.com/photos/wfryer/2516648940/
  • 74. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Resources: www.ocwconsortium.org/communities/toolkit Reaching the Heart of the University: Libraries and the Future of OER Pieter Keymeer, Molly Kleinman, Ted Hanss (U Michigan) http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78006 “Open” by Loop_ohhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/loop_oh/4493818473/sizes/m/in/ph otostream/
  • 75. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  • 76. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Photo credits: Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-saKaren and Sharon http://www.flickr.com/photos/brookebocast/209420446/cc-by-nc-saLearn http://www.flickr.com/photos/heycoach/1197947341/ cc-by-nc-saDiscussion http://www.flickr.com/photos/djof/294059951/cc-by-nc-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa
  • 77. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supported by:The William and Flora Hewlett FoundationSustaining Members of the OCW Consortium: The African Virtual University China Open Resources for Education Delft University of Technology Fundação Getulio Vargas Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of Technology Netease Information Technology Co. Open Universiteit Tecnológico de Monterrey Tufts University Universia Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan University of the Western CapeAnd contributions of member organizations
  • 78. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. www.ocwconsortium.org ocw.tudelft.nlTwitter.com/wfvanvalkenburgSlideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburgE-learn.nl