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Blogger Bladt Presentation

  1. 1. Betty Miller, Randy Westin, and Wayne Fischer<br />Boise State University<br />February 12th, 2010<br />
  2. 2. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />2<br />Acknowledgements<br /> This project was accomplished with the support of several people. Sincere appreciation is given to everyone involved who shared his or her time and knowledge as we developed our design proposal.<br />Dr. Barbara Morgan, Special Lecturer and former astronaut, Boise State University Departments of Education and Engineering in Boise, Idaho; and Dr. Robert Davidson, Boise State University Department of Engineering in Boise, Idaho.<br />Mr. Greg Miller, Seed Technology Specialist, Mr. Brad Peters, US Quality Control Manager, and Cody Reynolds, Manager of Operational Technologies, Nunhems USA, Inc. in Parma, Idaho;<br />Dr. Douglass E. Owen, Park Ranger Naturalist/Park Geologist, Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve in Arco, Idaho;<br />Dr. Jared Noorda, Design Engineer, HyPerComp Engineering;<br />Dr. Michele H. Perchonok, Manager Shuttle Food System/Advanced Food Technology; Dr. Thomas A. Sullivan, Senior Engineer Specialist, NASA/Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas; Dr. Paul D. Spudis, Senior Staff Scientist, Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston, Texas. <br />2/12/10<br />
  3. 3. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />3<br />Lunar Seed Repository<br />Figure 1 : Schematic of the seed repository at Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway [10].<br />Technical Rationale<br />Easily transportable<br />Cost-effective<br />Basic data gathering<br />PISCES and the Bronco Lunar Agricultural Design Team (BLADT)<br />2/12/10<br />
  4. 4. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />4<br />Overview of the Lunar Seed Repository Design<br />Concepts and Strategies<br />Selection of Seed<br />Packaging and Radiation Mitigation<br />Container Locations and Monitoring<br />Analog Experiments<br />2/12/10<br />
  5. 5. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />5<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Appropriateness of Proposal<br />Required Tech. Developments for a Life Support System<br />Seed Container<br />Core Drilling<br />Seed Technologies<br />Preparation<br />Storage<br />2/12/10<br />
  6. 6. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />6<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />Appropriateness of Proposal<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 2: Lunar base development will fall into four principal phases: a Precursor Phase, a Pioneering Phase, a Consolidation Phase and a Settlement Phase [3].<br />
  7. 7. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />7<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Required Tech. Developments for a Life Support System<br />2/12/10<br />
  8. 8. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />8<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />Seed Container<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 3 : High-pressure container modified for seed containment [6]. <br />
  9. 9. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />9<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Core Drilling<br />Figure 4: Using a 2cm core bit sampler, Apollo 12 astronauts were able to bore into the lunar surface and yield samples to return to Earth [8].<br />Figure 5: Surface temperature variation becomes constant at a depth of 100cm. Placement of containers should reside at a depth of a 100cm to provide ideal conditions to maintain pressure in seed containers [9].<br />
  10. 10. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />10<br />I. Concepts and Strategies<br />Seed Technologies<br />Preparation<br />Storage<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 6 : Aerial photo of Nunhems USA Inc. located in Parma, Idaho where our team was able to meet with and tour the facility with seed technologists and company management, and participate in a question and answer discussion.<br />
  11. 11. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />11<br />II. Selection of Seed<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Lunar Seed and Plant Criteria<br />2/12/10<br />
  12. 12. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />12<br />II. Selection of Seed<br />Seed Longevity<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 7: Schematic presentation of the main interactive parameters determining seed longevity [17]. <br />
  13. 13. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />13<br />III. Packaging and Radiation Mitigation<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Seed Packaging<br />Radiation Mitigation<br />2/12/10<br />
  14. 14. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />14<br />IV. Container Locations and Monitoring<br />Using SELENE GIS Data<br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 8: Lunar topographic map of the near and far side of the Moon produced from precise altitude data at a range of up to 5 meters obtained by the laser altimeter on board JASXA&apos; KAGUYA [22].<br />
  15. 15. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />15<br />V. Analog Experiments<br />PISCES Field Test Site<br />Craters of the Moon National Monument <br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 9: Field trip photo of lava tube at Craters of the Moon National Monument. Lava tube was found off-trail approximately three miles from common public areas.<br />
  16. 16. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />16<br />V. Analog Experiments<br />PISCES Field Test Site<br />Craters of the Moon National Monument <br />2/12/10<br />Lunar Seed Repository Project<br />Figure 10: Pictured left Apollo 12 aerial photo of a lunar rille and pictured right an aerial photo of rille at Crater&apos;s of the Moon National Monument in Arco, Idaho [23]<br />
  17. 17. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />17<br />Plan for Project Completion<br />Mission, Project Goal, Performance Gaps <br />2/12/10<br />
  18. 18. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />18<br />Plan for Project Completion<br />External Critical Success Factors<br />Tentative Schedule<br />2/12/10<br />
  19. 19. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />19<br />Plan for Project Completion<br />Action Items and Decisions Made Log<br />2/12/10<br />
  20. 20. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />20<br />Commitment to Project<br />Team Members and Academic Goals<br />Betty Miller<br />M.S. Adult and Organization Learning and Leadership<br />Randy Westin<br />B.S. Geophysics and Materials Science<br />Wayne Fischer<br />M.S. Mechanical Engineering<br />Website & Blog<br />Education and Community Outreach<br />2/12/10<br />
  21. 21. Discussion<br />2/12/10<br />3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />21<br />
  22. 22. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />22<br />References<br />[1] Leafy Green Astronauts. (2001, April 9). Retrieved July 1, 2009, from Science at Nasa Web site: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast09apr_1.htm<br />[2] Benaroya, H., & Bemold, L. (2008). Engineering of lunar bases. ActaAstronautica, 62(4-5), 277-299.<br />[3] Eckart, P., Eckart, P., & Aldrin, B. (1999). The lunar base handbook: An introduction to lunar base design, development, and operations. Space technology series. New York: McGraw-Hill.<br />[4] Grandl, W. (2007). Lunar Base 2015 Stage 1 - Preliminary design study. ActaAstronautica, 60(4-7), 554-560.<br />[5] Neal, C. R. (2009). The Moon 35 years after Apollo: What&apos;s left to learn? ChemieDerErde-Geochemistry, 69(1), 3-43.<br />[6] HyPerComp Engineering. Retrieved July 13, 2009, Web site: http://www.hypercompeng.com/index.php<br />[7] Noorda, Jared. Personal interview. July 8th, 2009. <br />[8] Allton, J. H. (1989). Catalog of Apollo lunar surface geological sampling tools and containers. JSC, 23454. Houston, Tex: NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.<br />[9] Lindsay+, Hamish (2008). ALSEP Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package 19 November 1969 - 30 September 1977. Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, Retrieved July 10th, 2009, from http://history.nasa.gov/alsj/HamishALSEP.html<br />[10] Fowler, C. (2008). The Svalbard Global Seed Vault: Securing the <br /> Future of Agriculture. The Global Crop Diversity Trust.<br />2/12/10<br />
  23. 23. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />23<br />References Cont.<br />[11] KameswaraRao, N. & Hanson, J. , Dulloo, M.E., Ghosh K., Nowell D. and Larinde, M. Michael. (2006). Seed handling in genebanks Self-learning module. Rome: Bioversity International.<br />[12] Sowing Seeds in a Magnetic Field. (n.d.). Retrieved May 31, 2009, from http://weboflife.nasa.gov/currentResearch/currentResearchFlight/sowingSeeds.htm <br />[13] Schmidt, R. (1998). Physical mapping of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB. 36 (1-2), 1.<br />[14] The Arabidopsis Information Resource. [Statistics]. (n.d.). Retrieved July 7, 2009, from http://www.arabidopsis.org/index.jsp <br />[15] Tibbitts, T. W. (1989). Plant Considerations for Lunar Base Agriculture. In D. W. Ming & D. L. Henninger (Ed.). Lunar base agriculture: Soils for plant growth. (pp. 237-243). Madison, Wis., USA: American Society of Agronomy.<br />[16] Perchonok, Michele. Personal interview. July 10th, 2009.<br />[17] Kumagai, J., Katoh, H., Kumada, T., Tanaka, A., Tano, S., & Miyazaki, T. (2000). Strong resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana and Raphanussativus seeds for ionizing radiation as studied by ESR, ENDOR, ESE spectroscopy and germination measurement: Effect of long-lived and super-long-lived radicals. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 57 (1), 75-83.<br />[18] Rajjou, L., & Debeaujon, I. (2008). Seed longevity: Survival and maintenance of high germination ability of dry seeds. ComptesRendusBiologies. 331 (10), 796.<br />[19] Handling Arabidopsis Plants and Seeds. Retrieved July 14, 2009, from http://www.biosci.ohio-state.edu/pcmb/Facilities/abrc/handling.htm<br /> <br />2/12/10<br />
  24. 24. 3rd Annual Meeting of the PISCES Group<br />24<br />References Cont.<br />[20] Sinicio, R. (2004). Generalized Longevity Model for Orthodox Seeds. Biosystems Engineering. 89 (1), 85-92<br />[21] Walters C, Wheeler L, & Stanwood PC. (2004). Longevity of cryogenically stored seeds. Cryobiology. 48 (3), 229-44.<br />[22] Lunar Topographic Map using KAGUYA (SELENE) LALT observation data. [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2009, from http://wms.selene.jaxa.jp/selene_viewer/en/observation_mission/lalt/004/lalt_004_1.gif <br />[23] Masursky, H., El-Baz, F., Doyle, F. J., & Colton, G. W. (1978). Apollo over the moon a view from orbit. <br />[24] Spudis, Paul. Personal correspondence. July 14th, 2009.<br /> <br /> <br />2/12/10<br />

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