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    Crime Crime Presentation Transcript

    • CRIME
      • Violent Crime decreased 3% in 2003. That was the 11th year in a row it had dropped. It is the lowest since the FBI first reported stats in 1973. It declined 2% for the first 6 months of 2004.
      • Overall crime rate has dropped 50% in the last decade.
      • Murder rate increased 4 years in a row It increased 2.1 % in the first 6 months of 2005. The murder rate today is about the same as it was during the 1930’s.
      • 87% of all crimes are crimes against property.
      • Most crimes are committed under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
      • Homicide is the leading cause of death for blacks under 34 years of age. (89% of those deaths involve firearms)
      • Homicide is the second leading cause of death for all people aged 10 - 19. Accident is first.
      • In 1952, homicide was the 11th leading cause of death for all citizens. Today it ranks #10.
      • 71% of all murders involve the use of firearms.
      • More teenage males die from gunshot wounds than from all natural causes combined
      • The US spends $163 Billion each year to fight crime. This is 2/3 of what it costs for national defense and is five times what the federal government spends on education
      • It costs $30,000/year to house a prisoner in PA. PA houses 40,000 inmates.
      • Prison population has doubled since 1990.
      • The US imprisons more people than any country in the world - 1 in 138 people are in prison. 1 in 31 are either presently imprisoned, on probation or on parole.
      • In state and federal prisons, 1 in 109 males are presently imprisoned. For women, the number is 1 in 1613. When county and local jails are included, the number for men is 1 in 75.
      • The US has <10 % of the world’s population but 22% of the world’s prison population
      • Recidivism Rate: 33% of those released from prison return within 1 year. Within 3 years of release, 57% return to prison.
      • The younger the age at first arrest, the higher the rate of recidivism
      • African Americans, about 13% of the population, account for 25% of all arrests (40% in PA) and 46 % of the prison population (whites make up 36%).
      • 61% of the prison population belongs to a minority group
      • 6% of US population is black male
      • 44% of US prison population is black male
      • 32% of black males aged 20-29 are either in jail, on probation or on parole. The rate for the population as a whole is 2.7% (1 out of 32 adults are presently in prison, on probation or on parole).
      • The odds are 1:3 that a black man will do time at some point is his life.
      • It is 1:17 for a white man.
      • The rate for Hispanic males is 1:6.
      • Whites account for 75% of the nation’s drug users. Blacks account for 75% of the nation’s drug prisoners.
      • Trafficking in 5 grams (.17 of an ounce) of crack carries a mandatory five-year prison sentence, but it takes 500 grams of cocaine powder (17.5 ounces) to warrant the same sentence.
      • 60% of Federal prisoners are serving time for drug offenses
      • Death row inmates:
      • Whites: 46 %
      • Blacks: 42%
      • Hispanics: 10%
      • Executions for interracial murders since 1976:
      • Black defendant, white victim: 179
      • White defendant, black victim: 12
      • Males account for 77% of all arrests in the US
      • Males make up > 95% of the PA prison population.
      • 80% of juveniles who are sent to detention centers are there for committing misdemeanors.
      • 70% of juvenile offenders currently in long-term correctional facilities grew up in homes without a father present.
      • 25% of white children live with one parent.
      • 67% of black children live with one parent.
      • Children who grew up in a single-parent family are twice as likely to later develop severe psychiatric illnesses, commit suicide or acquire an alcohol related disease.
      • Girls who grew up in a single-parent family are three times as likely to acquire a drug addiction. Boys are four times as likely.
      • Female inmates are twice as likely to be raped and six times as likely to be otherwise sexually abused while behind bars than their male counterparts.
      • Female inmates are most often sexually abused by other inmates.  Male inmates are most often sexually abused by prison staff.