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  1. 1. CRIME
  2. 2. <ul><li>Violent Crime decreased 3% in 2003. That was the 11th year in a row it had dropped. It is the lowest since the FBI first reported stats in 1973. It declined 2% for the first 6 months of 2004. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Overall crime rate has dropped 50% in the last decade. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Murder rate increased 4 years in a row It increased 2.1 % in the first 6 months of 2005. The murder rate today is about the same as it was during the 1930’s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>87% of all crimes are crimes against property. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Most crimes are committed under the influence of alcohol or drugs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Homicide is the leading cause of death for blacks under 34 years of age. (89% of those deaths involve firearms) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Homicide is the second leading cause of death for all people aged 10 - 19. Accident is first. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In 1952, homicide was the 11th leading cause of death for all citizens. Today it ranks #10. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>71% of all murders involve the use of firearms. </li></ul><ul><li>More teenage males die from gunshot wounds than from all natural causes combined </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The US spends $163 Billion each year to fight crime. This is 2/3 of what it costs for national defense and is five times what the federal government spends on education </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>It costs $30,000/year to house a prisoner in PA. PA houses 40,000 inmates. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Prison population has doubled since 1990. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The US imprisons more people than any country in the world - 1 in 138 people are in prison. 1 in 31 are either presently imprisoned, on probation or on parole. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In state and federal prisons, 1 in 109 males are presently imprisoned. For women, the number is 1 in 1613. When county and local jails are included, the number for men is 1 in 75. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The US has <10 % of the world’s population but 22% of the world’s prison population </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Recidivism Rate: 33% of those released from prison return within 1 year. Within 3 years of release, 57% return to prison. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The younger the age at first arrest, the higher the rate of recidivism </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>African Americans, about 13% of the population, account for 25% of all arrests (40% in PA) and 46 % of the prison population (whites make up 36%). </li></ul><ul><li>61% of the prison population belongs to a minority group </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>6% of US population is black male </li></ul><ul><li>44% of US prison population is black male </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>32% of black males aged 20-29 are either in jail, on probation or on parole. The rate for the population as a whole is 2.7% (1 out of 32 adults are presently in prison, on probation or on parole). </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The odds are 1:3 that a black man will do time at some point is his life. </li></ul><ul><li>It is 1:17 for a white man. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate for Hispanic males is 1:6. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Whites account for 75% of the nation’s drug users. Blacks account for 75% of the nation’s drug prisoners. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Trafficking in 5 grams (.17 of an ounce) of crack carries a mandatory five-year prison sentence, but it takes 500 grams of cocaine powder (17.5 ounces) to warrant the same sentence. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>60% of Federal prisoners are serving time for drug offenses </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Death row inmates: </li></ul><ul><li>Whites: 46 % </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks: 42% </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanics: 10% </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Executions for interracial murders since 1976: </li></ul><ul><li>Black defendant, white victim: 179 </li></ul><ul><li>White defendant, black victim: 12 </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Males account for 77% of all arrests in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Males make up > 95% of the PA prison population. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>80% of juveniles who are sent to detention centers are there for committing misdemeanors. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>70% of juvenile offenders currently in long-term correctional facilities grew up in homes without a father present. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>25% of white children live with one parent. </li></ul><ul><li>67% of black children live with one parent. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Children who grew up in a single-parent family are twice as likely to later develop severe psychiatric illnesses, commit suicide or acquire an alcohol related disease. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Girls who grew up in a single-parent family are three times as likely to acquire a drug addiction. Boys are four times as likely. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Female inmates are twice as likely to be raped and six times as likely to be otherwise sexually abused while behind bars than their male counterparts. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Female inmates are most often sexually abused by other inmates.  Male inmates are most often sexually abused by prison staff. </li></ul>
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