Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly Matt Wetherell
Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>What does it take to be a Bicycle Friendly Community? </li></ul><ul><li>Diffi...
Background
Background on Wyoming <ul><li>Suburb of Grand Rapids, Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Population over 70,000 </li></ul><ul><li>...
Background <ul><li>Consideration to become a Bicycle Friendly Community  </li></ul><ul><li>Number of people who use bikes ...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Award given by League of American Bicyclists <...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cur...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What ...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Encouragement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pro...
What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Evaluation/Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Difficulties
Difficulties <ul><ul><li>To attain recognition as a BFC Wyoming will have to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for bike...
Difficulties <ul><li>Plan for bike-friendly roads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop “skinny roads” or add bike lanes on princi...
Difficulties <ul><li>Develop bike routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add signage </li></ul></ul>
Difficulties <ul><li>Justify spending </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently less than 1% of Wyoming commutes by bike </li></ul><...
Funding
Funding <ul><li>Kent County municipalities are not eligible for state-level CDBG </li></ul><ul><li>Can utilize: </li></ul>...
Benefits
Benefits <ul><li>Green – Environment and Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.metro.net/projects_studies/bikeway_plannin...
Recommendation
Recommendation  <ul><ul><li>Based on the benefits and ample funding sources available noted in this report, I recommend th...
Questions?
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Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly

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This was a presentation I gave in my Urban Planning graduate course.

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Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly

  1. 1. Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly Matt Wetherell
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>What does it take to be a Bicycle Friendly Community? </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background
  4. 4. Background on Wyoming <ul><li>Suburb of Grand Rapids, Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Population over 70,000 </li></ul><ul><li>24.5 square miles </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>Consideration to become a Bicycle Friendly Community </li></ul><ul><li>Number of people who use bikes as their primary mode of transportation increased between 2000-2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43% nationwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even larger growth in Michigan – 103.35% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wyoming has numerous bike trails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kent Trails – 15 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-6 Trail – 9 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No easy bicycle travel in the heart of the city </li></ul><ul><li>City’s Bicycle Plan calls for improving bike access to the City’s destinations </li></ul>
  6. 6.
  7. 7. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
  8. 8. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Award given by League of American Bicyclists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FREE online application which analyzes five key elements of the city’s bicycle plan: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouragement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation/planning </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Current and planned infrastructure of the city </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bicycle trails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bicycle lanes or shoulders on major roads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to transit stops </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What the city does to educate bicyclists and car drivers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informational pamphlets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classes for riders </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Encouragement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adding bicycle signage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing maps of trails and preferred bike routes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting the use of bicycles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting the rights of riders to be on the streets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting riders from reckless drivers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring riders are following the rules of the road </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)? <ul><ul><li>Evaluation/Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long term plan on how to improve the bicycle system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City collects and analyzes bicycle-related data </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Difficulties
  15. 15. Difficulties <ul><ul><li>To attain recognition as a BFC Wyoming will have to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for bike-friendly roads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop bike routes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add signage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justify spending </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adding ordinances defining bike lanes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Difficulties <ul><li>Plan for bike-friendly roads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop “skinny roads” or add bike lanes on principal arterial roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$5,000 – 50,000 per mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible public backlash when doing a “Road Diet” </li></ul></ul>Principal Arterial Roads
  17. 17. Difficulties <ul><li>Develop bike routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add signage </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Difficulties <ul><li>Justify spending </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently less than 1% of Wyoming commutes by bike </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add ordinances that define bike lane width </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 feet </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Funding
  20. 20. Funding <ul><li>Kent County municipalities are not eligible for state-level CDBG </li></ul><ul><li>Can utilize: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HUD CDBG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan DOT grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Route to School Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation Enhancement Program Grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 402 Grant from the National Highway Safety Traffic Administration </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Benefits
  22. 22. Benefits <ul><li>Green – Environment and Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.metro.net/projects_studies/bikeway_planning/biketowork/images/bike_to_work_calculator.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced dependency on auto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can help address two major problems outlined in Master Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic Congestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic Accidents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing the City </li></ul>
  23. 23. Recommendation
  24. 24. Recommendation <ul><ul><li>Based on the benefits and ample funding sources available noted in this report, I recommend the City plans for and adds bicycle lanes to Wyoming’s principal arterial roads, develops bicycle route and safety education documents, and begins the Bicycle Friendly Community Application process. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Questions?

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