Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly

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This was a presentation I gave in my Urban Planning graduate course.

This was a presentation I gave in my Urban Planning graduate course.

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Transcript

  • 1. Making the City of Wyoming Bicycle Friendly Matt Wetherell
  • 2. Outline
    • Background
    • What does it take to be a Bicycle Friendly Community?
    • Difficulties
    • Funding
    • Benefits
    • Recommendation
  • 3. Background
  • 4. Background on Wyoming
    • Suburb of Grand Rapids, Michigan
    • Population over 70,000
    • 24.5 square miles
  • 5. Background
    • Consideration to become a Bicycle Friendly Community
    • Number of people who use bikes as their primary mode of transportation increased between 2000-2008
      • 43% nationwide
      • Even larger growth in Michigan – 103.35%
    • Wyoming has numerous bike trails
      • Kent Trails – 15 miles
      • M-6 Trail – 9 miles
    • No easy bicycle travel in the heart of the city
    • City’s Bicycle Plan calls for improving bike access to the City’s destinations
  • 6.
  • 7. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
  • 8. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Award given by League of American Bicyclists
      • FREE online application which analyzes five key elements of the city’s bicycle plan:
        • Engineering
        • Education
        • Encouragement
        • Enforcement
        • Evaluation/planning
  • 9. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Engineering
        • Current and planned infrastructure of the city
        • Bicycle trails
        • Bicycle lanes or shoulders on major roads
        • Access to transit stops
  • 10. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Education
        • What the city does to educate bicyclists and car drivers
          • Informational pamphlets
          • Classes for riders
  • 11. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Encouragement
        • Adding bicycle signage
        • Providing maps of trails and preferred bike routes
        • Promoting the use of bicycles
  • 12. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Enforcement
        • Protecting the rights of riders to be on the streets
        • Protecting riders from reckless drivers
        • Ensuring riders are following the rules of the road
  • 13. What does it take to become a Bicycle Friendly Community (BFC)?
      • Evaluation/Planning
        • Long term plan on how to improve the bicycle system
        • City collects and analyzes bicycle-related data
  • 14. Difficulties
  • 15. Difficulties
      • To attain recognition as a BFC Wyoming will have to:
        • Plan for bike-friendly roads
        • Develop bike routes
        • Add signage
        • Justify spending
        • Adding ordinances defining bike lanes
  • 16. Difficulties
    • Plan for bike-friendly roads
      • Develop “skinny roads” or add bike lanes on principal arterial roads
      • $5,000 – 50,000 per mile
      • Possible public backlash when doing a “Road Diet”
    Principal Arterial Roads
  • 17. Difficulties
    • Develop bike routes
      • Map
      • Add signage
  • 18. Difficulties
    • Justify spending
      • Currently less than 1% of Wyoming commutes by bike
    • Add ordinances that define bike lane width
      • 4 feet
  • 19. Funding
  • 20. Funding
    • Kent County municipalities are not eligible for state-level CDBG
    • Can utilize:
      • HUD CDBG
      • Michigan DOT grants
        • Safe Route to School Grant
        • Transportation Enhancement Program Grant
      • Section 402 Grant from the National Highway Safety Traffic Administration
  • 21. Benefits
  • 22. Benefits
    • Green – Environment and Money
      • http://www.metro.net/projects_studies/bikeway_planning/biketowork/images/bike_to_work_calculator.htm
    • Reduced dependency on auto
      • Can help address two major problems outlined in Master Plan
        • Traffic Congestion
        • Traffic Accidents
    • Healthy
    • Marketing the City
  • 23. Recommendation
  • 24. Recommendation
      • Based on the benefits and ample funding sources available noted in this report, I recommend the City plans for and adds bicycle lanes to Wyoming’s principal arterial roads, develops bicycle route and safety education documents, and begins the Bicycle Friendly Community Application process.
  • 25. Questions?