Defensive Backs – Mind of the “D” Five “Musts” of the Defensive Backs Must Defend the Big Play Must Be Great Tacklers Must Communicate & Play in the Concept of the Defense Must be Focused to Play Every Single Play Must be Accountable & ProductiveSplitter Defensive Back Technique
Stance & Start Feet Shoulder width apart. Outside foot slightly forward – Heel/Toe Relationship. Weight on the ball of the foot. Eyes Identify receiving threats Pre-Snap. Zone Coverages – Eyes on QB on the snap. Man Coverages – Eyes on Belt Buckle of WR. Body Great knee bend. Flat backed, shoulders over Position toes. First Each play begins with at least a 3 step backpedal Step while the DB reads keys for run/pass. The DB should be able to react to the play in those three steps.Block ProtectionTechnique When… Description Squeeze …the ball is directly behind the blocker. Strike with I/S Shoulder (OL/RB Lead Sweep) Keep O/S arm freeTechnique Deliver from good football position – Helmet under helmet Step with same foot as strike arm Keep feet moving Don’t get turned – Stay square Don’t run up the field – Attack on the same angle as the block Hand …the ball is not directly behind the blocker. Shoulder square to blocker …the blocker attempts to block low. Keep O/S leg free Shiver Straight arm – drive helmet & shoulder pads to the ground Give ground if needed Keep feet moving Rip …the defender is pursuing to the ball. Lower I/S shoulder …the defender is at a physical disadvantage. Rip I/S arm across face ofTechnique blocker – Stay low! Keep feet moving
Run Support DefinitionsPrimary Support – Contain the Ball Must keep the ball in front and inside – Turn the ball back to the defense Meet & Defeat the Blocker – Attack the angle of the blocker & keep O/S arm free Maintain edge – Do not trade one for one with a lead blocker Tackle any ball carrier that attempts to dip & run wide Squeeze the running lane – force the cutback Don’t be content to contain – Tackle the ball from the outside inSecondary Support – Play pass first, run second Must stay deep as the deepest until the ball crosses the line of scrimmage Attack outside in – stack 5 x 2 on the primary support player Understand “Crack & Replace” – Become Primary on Crack block o Must see it! o Don’t be fooled by Crack & Go.Alley Runner – Inside out to the ball, pass first Fill run alley inside primary support player Must stay deep as the deepest in pass responsibility until ball crosses LOSJob Saver – Get on your horse and make them line up again Rotate through next deep zone on run action away Take the appropriate run support angle Do not allow the ball to cut back on youFold Technique – Defend cutback & reverse Backpedal to 5-7 yards on run away Check backside gap/reverse/boot before getting in pursuit lane Do not allow cutback runners
Types of Tackles Technique When… Description Open …the defender is alone in the open field with a Know where your help is – Turn ball carrier the ball back to the defense. Field Get the ball on the ground “by any means necessary” Break down & keep a wide base If overpowered, hang on & wait for help Sideline …the ball is pinned against the sideline Maintain inside leverage Do not allow cutback run Know where the sideline is – No penalties for hitting out of bounds Second …the ball is already wrapped up or slowed Attack the ball when the ball down by another defender carrier is already secured Man Violently strip & recover Gang tackling is intimidating – hustle to get in on every playZone Coverage Principles o Know which receivers can affect your zone pre-snap. o Know where your help is! o Ball – Man – Ball: Key back to QB to know when ball is in the air. o Be aware of drastic changes in WR’s split – Inside or Outside. o Get to your midpoint in the zone as soon as possible. o Keep your head on a swivel for routes entering and exiting your zone. o Matchup and cover any single route in your zone. o Keep proper leverage on top of all routes when you are deep responsible. o Identify the difference between WR running at full speed & one who is coming under control to make a cut. o Never undercut a receiver unless you can get two hands on the ball.Man Coverage Principles o Total concentration must be on your man. o Know where your help is! o Use correct leverage (Inside/Outside) & Depth (Front Pocket/Back Pocket). o Be aware of drastic changes in WR’s split – Inside or Outside. o Keep your eyes on the receiver’s waist. o Identify the difference between WR running at full speed & one who is coming under control to make a cut. o Never undercut a receiver unless you can get two hands on the ball. o Don’t face guard – Look when he looks & Reach when he reaches. o If you are beat – Catch up first! o Take pride in your ability to cover one on one.
Route Types – Quick/Intermediate/DeepDB’s must understand that all routes generally fall into three categories: Shallow Routes Intermediate Routes Deep Routes Break Point Break Point Break Point 6 yds. 12 yds. 12 yds.Understanding the route type will help to play each route as the ball is thrown. Interception Point – The point where the ball will arrive is known as the interception point. The DB must play each route at that point (5-7 yards in front of the WR), and NOT at the point where the receiver is. Depth, speed of WR, and direction of route will affect where the interception point is. Ball Arrival – To intercept, the DB must attack the ball when it arrives, not the WR. Interference occurs when the DB attacks the WR. If the WR is first to the ball – attack the back arm of the WR to take away the catch.Defensive backs must always break to the Ball Arrival point when the ball is thrown. Makesure to break to where the ball is going to be!
Cornerback Techniques“Bail” TechniqueUsed to disguise in some 3 deep and 4 deep coverages in which the Corner isdeep responsible. The Bail technique gives the appearance of man-to-mancoverage. The Corner should align in press coverage, creeping out before thesnap. Depending on the speed of the DB, the creep can occur late in thecadence, or on the snap. The DB should make sure to turn and run to get to hismidpoint. “Bang” Technique We will “Bang” outside receivers in some 2 deep or rotational 3 deep coverages in which the Corner is flat responsible. The Corner must creep to press the WR, and be as physical as possible with the WR. He must not allow an outside release.“Sink” TechniqueUsed in Cloud/Rain coverages when the Corner is flat/wheel responsible. The DB willalign 5 x 1 outside the widest receiver. On any vertical release, the DB will chest up andfunnel the receiver inside. He can then sink under any depth route to help the half fieldsafety to his side. The DB should only break up on the ball thrown to the flat. If theWR disappears inside, he should sit and squeeze the field to any route attacking the flat.