HARVESTING, WINTERIZING Esther Taylor Master Gardener Weston County Extension Service
VEGETABLE HARVESTING <ul><li>Light freeze – 28-32 °F </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate freeze – 24-28°F </li></ul><ul><li>Severe ...
COLD, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>32-40 °F, 90-95% Humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Root crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve humidity ...
COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Root crops (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radish – ½-1”, storage 1 month </li></ul></ul...
COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Cole (cabbage) crops (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese cabbage – after 1 st  mod f...
COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Salads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endive – storage 3 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lettu...
COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Other vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asparagus – before top ferns out, storage 1 wee...
COOL, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>45-50 °F, 80-90% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Vine crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cantaloupe – when...
COOL, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Other vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eggplant – when fruit nearly full grown but col...
COOL, DRY STORAGE <ul><li>32-55 °F, 50-60% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Dry onions – when tops have fallen over and neck shr...
WARM, DRY STORAGE <ul><li>55-60 °F, 60-70% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Pumpkins – when skin is hard & color darkens before ...
WARM, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>55-60 °F, 80-85% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet potatoes – before frost, cure 1 wk @ 80-85 °...
STORAGE <ul><li>LONG TERM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freezing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deh...
STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>UNHEATED BASEMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60-65° </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve by building cell...
 
STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>OUTDOOR PIT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlined </li></ul></ul...
 
STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>STORAGE MOUND </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where ground is wet </...
 
WINTERIZATION <ul><li>REMOVE LEAVES, VINES, STALKS, ETC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide winter home for insects & diseases <...
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Garden Harvesting/Winterizing

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  • PATHOLOGY AND PESTS REVIEW QUESTIONS.
  • Can improve by building walls around a corner with a window and insulating the walls and ceiling of this basement cellar. Open window for fresh air and cooler temperatures.
  • Storage mound Used where ground water is present and only a short storage period in mild temperatures is needed.
  • Remove extra leaves, vines, stalks, etc. to compost pile. Piles of letter are wintering places for insects and diseases. Add layer of compost or organic material. Till in OM. HARVEST/WINTERIZATION REVIEW QUESTIONS “ SQUARE FOOT GARDENING” VIDEO by Mel Bartholomew &amp; Suzy Valentine Length: 36 minutes COURSE POST-TEST
  • Garden Harvesting/Winterizing

    1. 1. HARVESTING, WINTERIZING Esther Taylor Master Gardener Weston County Extension Service
    2. 2. VEGETABLE HARVESTING <ul><li>Light freeze – 28-32 °F </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate freeze – 24-28°F </li></ul><ul><li>Severe freeze – below 24°F </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal storage often not available around average home </li></ul>
    3. 3. COLD, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>32-40 °F, 90-95% Humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Root crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve humidity by storing in moist sand or vermiculite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beets – 1” to 1 st mod freeze, storage 2-4 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carrots – 3” to 1 st mod freeze, storage 2-4 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse radish – after several severe freezes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parsnips – after several mod freezes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes after tops died, cure for week in shade, storage 2-4 months </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Root crops (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radish – ½-1”, storage 1 month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turnips – 1” to several light freezes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cole (cabbage) crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broccoli – when florets are tight & green, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brussel sprouts – when firm, storage 3 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabbage – when solid, storage 2 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cauliflower – tie up outer leaves when curds 1-2”, ready in 2 more weeks, storage 2 weeks </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Cole (cabbage) crops (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese cabbage – after 1 st mod frost, storage 2 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kohlrabi – when swollen stems 2-3” dia, storage 2-4 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chard – continuous until 1 st mod freeze, storage 2 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collard, kale, mustard, spinach – when suitable size, storage 2 weeks </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Salads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endive – storage 3 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lettuce – anytime before going to seed, storage 2 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parley – will over winter in protected place or cool sunny room, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legumes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lima beans – when pods are filled, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peas – when pods are filled, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Other vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asparagus – before top ferns out, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green onions – when sufficient size, storage 2 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhubarb – when stalks ½-1” dia, storage 3 wks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet corn – kernels plump & tender, storage 5 days </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. COOL, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>45-50 °F, 80-90% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Vine crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cantaloupe – when stems slip easily from fruit, storage 10 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer squash – when young & tender, storage 1 week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cucumber – before seeds ½ size, storage 1 wk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watermelon – underside turns whitish to yellowish, storage 2-3 wks </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. COOL, MOIST STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>Other vegetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eggplant – when fruit nearly full grown but color still bright, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green beans – seeds ¼ grown, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Okra – pods 2-3” long, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet peppers – fruits firm, full or color develops, 2-3 wks in warmest part of frig </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. COOL, DRY STORAGE <ul><li>32-55 °F, 50-60% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Dry onions – when tops have fallen over and neck shriveled, cure in open 3-4 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Hot peppers – pull late in season, hang to dry </li></ul>
    11. 11. WARM, DRY STORAGE <ul><li>55-60 °F, 60-70% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Pumpkins – when skin is hard & color darkens before frost </li></ul><ul><li>Winter squash – same as pumpkin </li></ul>
    12. 12. WARM, MOIST STORAGE <ul><li>55-60 °F, 80-85% humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet potatoes – before frost, cure 1 wk @ 80-85 ° </li></ul><ul><li>Tomatoes – before frost, storage of ripe 1 wk, green 3-5 wks </li></ul>
    13. 13. STORAGE <ul><li>LONG TERM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freezing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>COOL OR WARM STORAGE TEMPORARY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two refrigerators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cold - 32-40° </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cool - 45-50° </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>UNHEATED BASEMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60-65° </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve by building cellar room in corner with window </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>OUTDOOR PIT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pile roots on layer of straw </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cover w/ more straw held by soil layer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-horizontal barrel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cover w/ 1-3’ of straw held by soil </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 18. STORAGE (cont.) <ul><li>STORAGE MOUND </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where ground is wet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pile mixed vegetables on straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover w/ straw held by soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REMOVE ALL DAMAGED OR ROTTED FRUITS OR VEGETABLES BEFORE STORAGE </li></ul>
    17. 20. WINTERIZATION <ul><li>REMOVE LEAVES, VINES, STALKS, ETC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide winter home for insects & diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ADD LAYER OF COMPOST OR ORGANIC MATTER </li></ul><ul><li>TILL </li></ul>

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