Basic Landscaping

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Basic Landscaping

  1. 1. BASIC LANDSCAPING Bill Taylor Weston County Extension Service The University of Wyoming is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.
  2. 2. Opportunity <ul><li>Incorporates principles of sustainability in evolving landscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for water conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal labor, water, fertilizer, pesticides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Creates habitat for people, plants, wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for pleasing aesthetics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Master Plan <ul><li>Essential to ensure elements and principles of design flow throughout environment </li></ul><ul><li>Create rhythm, balance, harmony </li></ul>
  4. 4. Science or Art? <ul><li>Art which requires knowledge, skill, trained sense of form </li></ul><ul><li>Has fundamental procedures, rules, principles </li></ul><ul><li>Once rules understood then variety and diversity of art can be used </li></ul><ul><li>Objective – make outside grounds extension of house </li></ul>
  5. 5. Organize Entire Lawn Area <ul><li>Make drawing or map of home and grounds </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Lay out general use areas </li></ul>
  7. 7. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Decide on areas of open lawn, shade, screening privacy, full sun, open views, background, flower beds, outdoor living areas, service areas </li></ul><ul><li>Trees, shrubs, flowers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually in corners, borders, at foundation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine permanent structures – walks, driveways, clothesline, garbage disposal, buildings, gates, play-ground equipment, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Too many trees, shrubs, flowers may constrict living area </li></ul><ul><li>Too many plantings may increase maintenance time and cost </li></ul><ul><li>Too much grass may make setting less attractive and increase water and mowing requirements </li></ul>
  9. 9. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Provide for flexibility as family matures </li></ul><ul><li>Barbeque and picnic areas easily accessible from house </li></ul><ul><li>Play areas easily viewed from house </li></ul>
  10. 10. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Hardscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural flow of people determine paths and lawn areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paths – pull people in, slow them down, speed them up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walls – Should complement paths, fences, garden structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fences – metal, wood, rock, concrete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden structures – decks, gazebos, swings, benches, barbeque stands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ponds or pools – formal or natural </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.) <ul><li>Lawn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can control two components: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time spent mowing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by size and shape </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
  13. 13. Design Planting And Areas <ul><li>Draw outlines for flower beds, rockeries, pools, mass shrubs, trees </li></ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires more space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curving, meandering borders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free branching plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More difficult to lay out and maintain than formal </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Formal design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes less space and plant species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stiffer, less natural </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Informal Formal
  16. 16. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>First consideration when deciding on plants – mature size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose of plant? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shade? Screen? Color? Privacy? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mature form and size? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardiness zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign perennials, shrubs, trees specific symbols and group on plan </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Plants (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design to group plant materials of similar color and textures – need to complement each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dark leaves shrink space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light, small leaves make space seem larger </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visual flow from one area to another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each area blends with whole </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surface quality of objects – seen or felt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coarse, medium, fine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth, rough, glassy, dull </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symmetrical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mirror image from side to side </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance (cont.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses different forms, colors, textures to obtain visual balance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arrangement of objects with varying textures, forms, sizes in sequential order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three-dimensional perspective of composition </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proportion or scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size of parts in a design in relation to each other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3’ pool lost in large open lawn – fits in small private area </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elements create feeling of motion, leading eyes through area </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Viewer’s eye quickly forced along straight lines to particular point </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually weak or flowing lines desirable in residential landscape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition along lines can weaken or strengthen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curved lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen when curve toward each other </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curved in same direction create indirect focalization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focalization usually guides traffic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Repeated use of features with identical shape, line, form, texture and/or color </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of plants and building materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too much creates monotony </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right amount creates rhythm, focalization, emphasis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too much variety creates clutter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Principles (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elimination of unnecessary detail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hand in hand with repetition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of design to avoid unnecessary cost and maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Design Planting And Areas (cont.) <ul><li>Plantings are used to break lines and provide screening </li></ul>
  28. 28. Why different forms?
  29. 29. Going Beyond Foundation Plantings <ul><li>What was done to provide balance? </li></ul><ul><li>Why the tree on the left? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Completed Design
  31. 31. Attracting Wildlife

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