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Basic Landscaping
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  • 1. BASIC LANDSCAPING Bill Taylor Weston County Extension Service The University of Wyoming is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.
  • 2. Opportunity
    • Incorporates principles of sustainability in evolving landscape
      • Allows for water conservation
      • Low maintenance
        • Minimal labor, water, fertilizer, pesticides
    • Creates habitat for people, plants, wildlife
    • Provides for pleasing aesthetics
  • 3. Master Plan
    • Essential to ensure elements and principles of design flow throughout environment
    • Create rhythm, balance, harmony
  • 4. Science or Art?
    • Art which requires knowledge, skill, trained sense of form
    • Has fundamental procedures, rules, principles
    • Once rules understood then variety and diversity of art can be used
    • Objective – make outside grounds extension of house
  • 5. Organize Entire Lawn Area
    • Make drawing or map of home and grounds
  • 6. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Lay out general use areas
  • 7. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Decide on areas of open lawn, shade, screening privacy, full sun, open views, background, flower beds, outdoor living areas, service areas
    • Trees, shrubs, flowers
      • Usually in corners, borders, at foundation.
    • Determine permanent structures – walks, driveways, clothesline, garbage disposal, buildings, gates, play-ground equipment, etc.
  • 8. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Too many trees, shrubs, flowers may constrict living area
    • Too many plantings may increase maintenance time and cost
    • Too much grass may make setting less attractive and increase water and mowing requirements
  • 9. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Provide for flexibility as family matures
    • Barbeque and picnic areas easily accessible from house
    • Play areas easily viewed from house
  • 10. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Hardscape
      • Natural flow of people determine paths and lawn areas
      • Paths – pull people in, slow them down, speed them up
      • Walls – Should complement paths, fences, garden structures
      • Fences – metal, wood, rock, concrete
      • Garden structures – decks, gazebos, swings, benches, barbeque stands
      • Ponds or pools – formal or natural
  • 11. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
    • Lawn
      • Can control two components:
        • Water usage
        • Time spent mowing
      • Controlled by size and shape
  • 12. Organize Entire Lawn Area (cont.)
  • 13. Design Planting And Areas
    • Draw outlines for flower beds, rockeries, pools, mass shrubs, trees
    • Informal
      • Requires more space
      • Curving, meandering borders
      • Free branching plants
      • Variety of species
      • More difficult to lay out and maintain than formal
  • 14. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Formal design
      • Takes less space and plant species
      • Stiffer, less natural
  • 15. Informal Formal
  • 16. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • First consideration when deciding on plants – mature size
      • Purpose of plant?
        • Shade? Screen? Color? Privacy?
      • Mature form and size?
      • Hardiness zone
      • Assign perennials, shrubs, trees specific symbols and group on plan
  • 17. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Plants (cont.)
      • Design to group plant materials of similar color and textures – need to complement each other
        • Dark leaves shrink space
        • Light, small leaves make space seem larger
  • 18. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Unity
        • Consistent style
        • Visual flow from one area to another
        • Each area blends with whole
      • Texture
        • Surface quality of objects – seen or felt
        • Coarse, medium, fine
        • Smooth, rough, glassy, dull
  • 19. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Balance
        • Symmetrical
          • Mirror image from side to side
  • 20. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Balance (cont.)
        • Asymmetrical
          • Uses different forms, colors, textures to obtain visual balance
  • 21. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Transition
        • Arrangement of objects with varying textures, forms, sizes in sequential order
        • Three-dimensional perspective of composition
  • 22. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Proportion or scale
        • Size of parts in a design in relation to each other
        • 3’ pool lost in large open lawn – fits in small private area
  • 23. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Rhythm
        • Elements create feeling of motion, leading eyes through area
  • 24. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Focalization
        • Viewer’s eye quickly forced along straight lines to particular point
        • Usually weak or flowing lines desirable in residential landscape
        • Transition along lines can weaken or strengthen
        • Curved lines
          • Strengthen when curve toward each other
          • Curved in same direction create indirect focalization
        • Focalization usually guides traffic
  • 25. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Repetition
        • Repeated use of features with identical shape, line, form, texture and/or color
        • Of plants and building materials
        • Too much creates monotony
        • Right amount creates rhythm, focalization, emphasis
        • Too much variety creates clutter
  • 26. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Principles (cont.)
      • Simplicity
        • Elimination of unnecessary detail
        • Hand in hand with repetition
        • Reduction of design to avoid unnecessary cost and maintenance
  • 27. Design Planting And Areas (cont.)
    • Plantings are used to break lines and provide screening
  • 28. Why different forms?
  • 29. Going Beyond Foundation Plantings
    • What was done to provide balance?
    • Why the tree on the left?
  • 30. Completed Design
  • 31. Attracting Wildlife
  • 32.