Explanation writing


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Explanation writing

  1. 1. Explanation Writing <ul><li>Explanations tell us </li></ul><ul><li>What something is </li></ul><ul><li>How things work </li></ul><ul><li>Why things happen </li></ul>
  2. 2. We can see examples of explanations in… <ul><li>recipe books newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction manuals magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Guide books non fiction books </li></ul>
  3. 3. We are learning to look at features of an explanation. <ul><li> </li></ul>We cross the pedestrian crossing because it is safe because cars have to stop and watch and so do you. By Mitchell Mitchell has written a simple explanation. He has explained why we need the crossing and has used the word “because” to give a reason. He has used some important topic words like pedestrian , safe and cars to help explain why it is important. He is writing for an audience as he talks directly to them.
  4. 4. We are learning to plan and write an explanation <ul><li>We have to </li></ul><ul><li>Write a definition to tell what is being explained </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the audience is interested </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the parts of what we are explaining and say how it works-sequencing our ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Describe any special features of what we are explaining </li></ul><ul><li>We will be successful when we have </li></ul><ul><li>A heading or title </li></ul><ul><li>A question to ask the audience </li></ul><ul><li>2. Name the object </li></ul><ul><li>Tell what I’m going to explain </li></ul><ul><li>Give some detail </li></ul><ul><li>3. Name the parts </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how it works </li></ul><ul><li>Describe why it works </li></ul><ul><li>Describe where you use it </li></ul><ul><li>Use words like: first, then, finally </li></ul><ul><li>: because, if, but </li></ul><ul><li>4. Describe any special features </li></ul><ul><li>Comment on anything special or interesting </li></ul>
  5. 5. Planning an Explanation <ul><li>We can brainstorm our ideas </li></ul>Potato peeler Parts -handle -blade How we use it -scrape -peel What is it? -kitchen tool -for vegetables and fruit Where we find it -kitchen Who uses it? Cooks and chefs
  6. 6. <ul><li>Writing a heading or title </li></ul><ul><li>Tell what is being explained </li></ul><ul><li>E.g.: The life Cycle of a Butterfly </li></ul><ul><li>A Potato Peeler </li></ul><ul><li>Road safety </li></ul>Don’t forget to use capitals for your title
  7. 7. 2. Write a definition <ul><li>Ask a question to gain the audience interest </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. : How long does a butterfly live for? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we need road rules? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever used a ….? </li></ul><ul><li>Tell what is being explained </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. : A can opener is a tool found in the kitchen… </li></ul><ul><li>I am going to explain why we need road rules… </li></ul>This is interesting! I want to read more!
  8. 8. 3. Write a description <ul><li>Name the parts, describe it, give details </li></ul>handles blades cocoon button light cogs gears Sharp, long, metal, plastic, wood, round, solid, oval, flashing, bright…. leaf wheel
  9. 9. 4. Write about the operation <ul><li>Tell how it works, where and why you use it </li></ul>Scrape Roll Peel Shoot Slice Turn Twist Kitchen Garden Garage Workshop School Library Car To make To cook To learn To build To decorate To fix To examine To rescue To entertain Verbs Adjectives nouns
  10. 10. Think carefully about the words you use <ul><li>Put your ideas in order using sequencing words </li></ul><ul><li>First, after that, then, finally… </li></ul><ul><li>Include words to give reasons… </li></ul><ul><li>because , if, so, but, </li></ul><ul><li>Use topic specific words </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. if you were writing about road safety you may have words like </li></ul><ul><li>traffic, accident, footpath, pedestrian, crossing etc </li></ul>Include any other special features you think the audience would find interesting
  11. 11. Check you have included all the information you need <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>title </li></ul><ul><li>question </li></ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><li>Name object </li></ul><ul><li>Describe parts </li></ul><ul><li>Give detail </li></ul><ul><li>Operation </li></ul><ul><li>How it works </li></ul><ul><li>Where and why you use it </li></ul><ul><li>(Because, if, but, first, then, finally) </li></ul><ul><li>Special features </li></ul><ul><li>comments and details </li></ul><ul><li>The Potato Peeler </li></ul><ul><li>A potato peeler is a tool found </li></ul><ul><li>in the kitchen. Have you ever used one? It is used for </li></ul><ul><li>peeling vegetables. It has a handle and a </li></ul><ul><li>blade and is made out of plastic and </li></ul><ul><li>metal. People who cook use a potato </li></ul><ul><li>peeler when they are preparing food. First </li></ul><ul><li>they wash the potato or carrot, then they </li></ul><ul><li>scrape the blade of the peeler along the skin of the </li></ul><ul><li>vegetable and finally the peel will come off. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use it with many types of </li></ul><ul><li>vegetables and fruit to remove the skin before you </li></ul><ul><li>eat or cook it. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Check list <ul><li>Do you have…. </li></ul><ul><li>A title- informing the audience </li></ul><ul><li>A definition- what it is </li></ul><ul><li>The description- describe the parts </li></ul><ul><li>The operation- how it works </li></ul><ul><li>Details and interesting topic words </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing words- first, then, next… </li></ul>
  13. 13. Oral language- Writing <ul><li>A Hammer </li></ul><ul><li>We use it to build a tree hut also to build a house, also to use for banging in nails and for hanging up photos. Builders have it in their tool box, they keep it in the garage. They use it to hold up walls. They use it to build up from the ground. The parts on it are a claw and the head and handle and it is made out of metal and the part on the handle has some plastic on it. </li></ul><ul><li>By Nick </li></ul>