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Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
Old Testament Foundations Of Justice
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Old Testament Foundations Of Justice

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    • 1. Old Testament Foundations of Justice <ul><li>1. God created all things good (Genesis 1) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Stewardship (Genesis 1:26) – we are not owners of God’s creation, rather Genesis 1:26 and 28 indicate that humans were put on earth, in part, to cultivate it, to make it more productive, to help creation go on creating. So as stewards managing another’s property, not proprietors, we help carry out God’s intent that the earth’s resources benefit everyone. </li></ul>
    • 2. <ul><li>3. We stewards to each other ; life is an intricate network of relationships. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We exist not in isolation but within an intricate web of relationships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are never separated from these relationships and they determine who we are. </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. Just Economics of the Old Testament <ul><ul><ul><li>What are some principles of just economics in the OT? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jubilee Principle (Leviticus 25:8-13) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>debts to community members were to be cancelled, slaves were to be freed, and each household was to return to its family property </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sabbath Year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a year of rest for the land, slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tithing </li></ul><ul><li>Gleaning </li></ul>
    • 4. Jubilee Principle <ul><li>The Book of Leviticus says that every 50 years, all land is to be returned to its original owners (Lev. 25: 10-24) </li></ul><ul><li>This would thus ensure that the gap between the rich and poor would remain small, because the means of producing wealth was equalized regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>It assured the long-term survival of households, preserved ancestral property, and served to check the concentration of wealth in the hands of a rich few. </li></ul><ul><li>It emphasized the need for each household to maintain a strong, extended families </li></ul>
    • 5. What was the primary means of wealth in biblical times? <ul><li>LAND </li></ul>
    • 6. How could you lose your land in Ancient Israel? Death of family breadwinner Lack of Natural Ability Physical disability Act of God
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    • 13. The Sabbatical Year : &quot;Year of the Lord's Favor” <ul><li>The Old Testament law also provides rest for the soil, slaves and debtors every se7en years. </li></ul>7 7 7 7 7 7
    • 14. <ul><li>&quot;At the end of every three years you shall bring forth all the tithe of your produce in the same year... and the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, who are within your towns, shall come and eat and be filled: that the Lord your God may bless you&quot; (Deut 14:28-29; see also Lev. 27:30-32; Deut 26:12-15; Num 18:21-32). </li></ul><ul><li>The Law of Tithing </li></ul><ul><li>The law calls for one-tenth of all farm produce and money, whether animal, grain or wine, to be set aside as a tithe. </li></ul>
    • 15. In PORTLAND: Median Income for Family of 4 in Portland (Housing Authority of Portland, 2003) <ul><li>$68,500 </li></ul><ul><li>/52 weeks/year </li></ul><ul><li>/10% of income </li></ul>= $131.73 a week
    • 16. Gleaning – “This one’s for God” <ul><li>God's law decreed that farmers should leave some of the harvest, including the corners of grain fields, for the poor. For example, grapes that had been dropped accidentally were to be left. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;You shall leave them for the poor and the sojourners: I am the Lord your God&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(Lev. 19:9-10) </li></ul>
    • 17. This was forgotten by the time of Jesus so… “… when he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written: ‘ The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.’ And he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. Then he began to say to them, ‘Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.’”
    • 18. To be continued…

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