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The Great War The War Years Chapter 25 Pages 854-858
Topics <ul><li>Total War </li></ul><ul><li>The Russian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Enters the War </li></ul>
<ul><li>Total War </li></ul><ul><li>An Industrial War </li></ul><ul><li>New Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Government involveme...
A. An Industrial War <ul><li>Every aspect of society was mobilized for total War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft </li></ul></u...
B. New Weapons. <ul><li>Machine Guns </li></ul><ul><li>U Boats </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Planes...
Machines Guns
 
Poison Gas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shell torn forrest
French at Argonne
A French city
German at the Somme
French Cemetery
Germans at Flanders
A French Regiment
No man’s land
 
 
C. Government involvement <ul><li>Increased government involvement in the economy.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government plann...
D. Role of Civilians  <ul><li>Society was mobilized for the war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilians were drafted into the army...
E. Propaganda <ul><li>Increase home support for the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage desired behavior of citizens. </li></...
Germany
British
French
U.S.A.
F. Battles and Casualties <ul><li>Battle of the Marne ( 2 battles) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of the Somme </li></ul><ul><li...
Total casualties
II. The Russian Revolution <ul><li>Nicholas II </li></ul><ul><li>The Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin and Bo...
A. Nicholas II <ul><li>Weak and Incompetent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A German Czarina and Rasputin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poo...
Russian mass Grave
B. The Provisional Government <ul><li>The Duma seized power in March 1917 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominated by Constitutiona...
C. Lenin and Bolsheviks <ul><li>Germany smuggled Lenin into Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan was to have Lenin start a revol...
 
D. Dictatorship and Civil War <ul><li>Bolsheviks call for elections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Revolutionaries win </li>...
III. U.S. Enters the War <ul><li>The War at Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Telegram </li></ul><ul><li>Unrestricted Submar...
A. The War at Sea <ul><li>Wilson advocated neutrality and freedom of the seas </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France blockad...
B. Zimmerman Telegram <ul><li>German request for Mexico to attack the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History of Poor relations...
 
C. Unrestricted Submarine warfare <ul><li>1917 Germany concerned about supplies reaching Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Germany...
D. U.S.  Enters the war <ul><li>Wilson was a moralist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A war to save democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
What we know??? <ul><li>How is the Great war a total War </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of the Industrial Revolution </li></...
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Unit 6 Topic 3 - The War Years Notes 3

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Transcript of "Unit 6 Topic 3 - The War Years Notes 3"

  1. 1. The Great War The War Years Chapter 25 Pages 854-858
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Total War </li></ul><ul><li>The Russian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Enters the War </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Total War </li></ul><ul><li>An Industrial War </li></ul><ul><li>New Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Government involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Battles and Casualties </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. An Industrial War <ul><li>Every aspect of society was mobilized for total War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. New Weapons. <ul><li>Machine Guns </li></ul><ul><li>U Boats </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Planes </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul>
  6. 6. Machines Guns
  7. 8. Poison Gas
  8. 17. Shell torn forrest
  9. 18. French at Argonne
  10. 19. A French city
  11. 20. German at the Somme
  12. 21. French Cemetery
  13. 22. Germans at Flanders
  14. 23. A French Regiment
  15. 24. No man’s land
  16. 27. C. Government involvement <ul><li>Increased government involvement in the economy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government planning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on military goods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers were assigned to industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumer goods were limited. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationing of many goods. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 28. D. Role of Civilians <ul><li>Society was mobilized for the war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilians were drafted into the army. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of woman replaced men in the workforce. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industries retooled for war materials. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War materials were needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few consumer goods. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 29. E. Propaganda <ul><li>Increase home support for the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage desired behavior of citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonize the enemy. </li></ul>
  19. 30. Germany
  20. 31. British
  21. 32. French
  22. 33. U.S.A.
  23. 34. F. Battles and Casualties <ul><li>Battle of the Marne ( 2 battles) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of the Somme </li></ul><ul><li>Verdun </li></ul><ul><li>The Ardennes </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population 41 million, 20 million men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8.4 million mobilized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 million killed, wounded, captured or missing </li></ul></ul>
  24. 35. Total casualties
  25. 36. II. The Russian Revolution <ul><li>Nicholas II </li></ul><ul><li>The Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin and Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship and Civil War </li></ul>
  26. 37. A. Nicholas II <ul><li>Weak and Incompetent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A German Czarina and Rasputin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russo Japanese War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution of 1905 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russia was backwards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive starvation </li></ul></ul>
  27. 38. Russian mass Grave
  28. 39. B. The Provisional Government <ul><li>The Duma seized power in March 1917 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominated by Constitutional Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Provisional Government was threatened by more radical groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mensheviks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The conservatives stay in the war </li></ul>
  29. 40. C. Lenin and Bolsheviks <ul><li>Germany smuggled Lenin into Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan was to have Lenin start a revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End war in East </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lenin is successful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>October revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany now faces a one front war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West bitter towards Russia. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 42. D. Dictatorship and Civil War <ul><li>Bolsheviks call for elections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Revolutionaries win </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks seize power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil War breaks out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Army: the Army of Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Army: Conservatives and monarchists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horrible bloodshed </li></ul>
  31. 43. III. U.S. Enters the War <ul><li>The War at Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Telegram </li></ul><ul><li>Unrestricted Submarine warfare </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. enters the war </li></ul>
  32. 44. A. The War at Sea <ul><li>Wilson advocated neutrality and freedom of the seas </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France blockaded trade into the central powers </li></ul><ul><li>German U-boats attacked shipping going to Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolate Britain from colonies and U.S. supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began unrestricted submarine warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lusitania(1915) 128 Americans killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German’s promise to give warnings </li></ul></ul>
  33. 45. B. Zimmerman Telegram <ul><li>German request for Mexico to attack the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History of Poor relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican American War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. sent troops across border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Really upset Americans and Wilson </li></ul></ul>
  34. 47. C. Unrestricted Submarine warfare <ul><li>1917 Germany concerned about supplies reaching Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Germany renews Unrestricted submarine warfare by U boats. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany hoped to cut supplies to the Allies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U boats were seen as dirty, sneaky and immoral </li></ul></ul>
  35. 48. D. U.S. Enters the war <ul><li>Wilson was a moralist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A war to save democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember Russia is out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Convoys vs. the U-Boats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 troops per month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Great Industrial War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. was an industrial monster </li></ul></ul>
  36. 49. What we know??? <ul><li>How is the Great war a total War </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Russian Revolution occur? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the U.S. Enter and what was the impact </li></ul>
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