Unit 6 Topic 2 - The Road To War Notes 2

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Unit 6 Topic 2 - The Road To War Notes 2

  1. 1. The Road to War Chapter 25 Pages 843-854
  2. 2. New Topics <ul><li>The Road to War </li></ul><ul><li>The Outbreak of War </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies and Stalemate </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Road to War </li></ul><ul><li>The Bosnian Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Second Moroccan Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Powder keg in the Balkans </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. The Bosnian Crisis <ul><li>Many groups wanted control of Balkan Peninsula </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavic groups and independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary and Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1908: Austria Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbian Nationalists angry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia Angry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman angry </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. Second Moroccan Crisis <ul><li>France sends troops to Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Germany sends Panther to Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Countries are protecting their colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Britain feared increasing German naval power </li></ul>
  6. 6. C. Powder keg in the Balkans <ul><li>1911- Italy attacks Ottoman Empire to get colonies </li></ul><ul><li>1912: Serbia, and others, launch nationalistic wars in Balkan Peninsula </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary feared Serbian power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbia resented Austria Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1913 International conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-H forced Serbia out but embarrassed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia embarrassed: seen as weak at protecting its Slavic brothers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. II. The Outbreak of War <ul><li>One Death leads to Millions… </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Austria’s Response </li></ul><ul><li>The role of Russia </li></ul><ul><li>The Schlieffen Plan </li></ul>
  8. 8. A. One Death leads to Millions… <ul><li>June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Black Hand and Serbian nationalism </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. B. Germany and Austria’s Response <ul><li>“Blank check” or active support </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Austria-Hungary wanted a swift, local war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concern over Russian, French and British involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary delivers an ultimatum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Serbia barely responds </li></ul>
  10. 10. C. The role of Russia <ul><li>The elite feared war could cause a revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Pan-Slavic groups wanted Serbian support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make up for 1908 and 1911 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The mobilization issue for Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France hoped for a conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria- Hungary said no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But feared German power </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Schlieffen Plan <ul><li>German fear of a two front war </li></ul><ul><li>Beat France quickly, then go after Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia slow to mobilize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack on France will bring in Britain </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. III. Strategies and Stalemate <ul><li>Failure of the Schlieffen Plan </li></ul><ul><li>The Western Front </li></ul><ul><li>The Eastern Front </li></ul><ul><li>The Ottoman Empire </li></ul>
  13. 15. A. Failure of the Schlieffen Plan <ul><li>Germany overruns Belgium and pushes France back nearly to Paris. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French élan was no match for German machine guns. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>German’s pull short of Paris. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor compasses and maps? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actually outran their own army. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France counter attacks with the Taxi charge. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This begins the Battle of the Marne . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The German advance is halted. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. B. The Western Front <ul><li>Defensive war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trench warfare and No Man’s land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial war </li></ul>
  15. 18. B. The Eastern Front <ul><li>Russia takes massive casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Tannenberg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 lost by Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire joins Central Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy and defensive war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Failure at Gallipoli </li></ul><ul><li>Germany makes massive inroads into Russia </li></ul>
  16. 19. C. The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Wanted to regain empire </li></ul><ul><li>Fell behind the west </li></ul><ul><li>Wins at Gallipoli but… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabic nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawrence of Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will cease to exist </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Bosnian crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnia-Herzegovina </li></ul><ul><li>Archduke Franz Ferdinand </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Hand </li></ul><ul><li>Pan-Slavism </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Schlieffen Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Élan </li></ul><ul><li>First Battle of the Marne </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Tannenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Gallipoli </li></ul>
  18. 22. What we know <ul><li>Role of Imperialism, nationalism and Militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>The Great War will not be a short war. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of Schleiffen plans forces Germany into a two front war. </li></ul><ul><li>Trench lines and little movement will dominate war </li></ul><ul><li>Massive casualties. </li></ul>

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