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Unit #1 - Topic #1 Notes

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Transcript

  • 1. Government and the State Chapter 1 sec 1
  • 2. The Essential Questions
    • What is a government?
    • What is a state?
    • What are the origins of the state?
    • What are the forms of government?
      • Democracy versus autocracy.
    • How does geography play a role?
  • 3.
    • What is a government?
    • What is government?
    • How does it exercise power?
    • What is the purpose of government?
  • 4. A. What is a government?
    • A government is an institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
    • Public policies consist of:
      • Taxation, control of crime, education, transportation, environment, civil rights and working conditions.
  • 5. B. How does it exercise power?
    • A government must have power in order to fulfill these goals. This power consists of:
      • Legislative : the power to write the law
      • Executive : the power to enforce the law
      • Judicial : the power to interpret laws
  • 6.  
  • 7. C. What is the purpose of government?
    • The purpose of government is to maintain order in society.
      • Chaos is Bad
    • The authority in order to do this can come from several sources.
      • Force
      • Evolutionary
      • Divine Right
      • Social Contract
  • 8. II. What is a State?
    • What is a state?
    • What does it represent?
  • 9. A. What is a state?
    • A state can be defined as a body of a people , living in a defined territory , organized politically , and the ability to make and enforce laws without the consent of a higher authority .
  • 10. B. What does it represent?
    • A state must represent a population or people.
    • A state must have authority over a territory
    • States are sovereign , or the power to make laws over its region.
    • Must be politically organized , or have a government.
  • 11.                                 
  • 12. III. What are the origins of a state?
    • Evolutionary Theory
    • Force Theory
    • Divine Right
    • The Social Contract
  • 13. A. Evolutionary Theory
    • Government comes from family structure.
      • Patriarchal Society
    • Nations evolved over time.
      • Families
      • Clans
      • Tribes
      • Nations
  • 14. B. Force Theory
    • The Strong rule.
      • Those who have strength can enforce authority over others.
      • Those who maintain authority by force.
        • Genghis Khan
        • Feudal estates.
        • The 400 lb. Gorilla
  • 15. Force Theory
  • 16. C. Divine Right
    • Power comes from God and is given to a ruling monarch.
      • Power is hereditary and Absolute
      • Popular in Europe from 1200-1919
      • Louis XIV is a good Example
      • Egyptian Pharaoh
  • 17. D. The Social Contract
    • Developed to oppose Divine Right.
    • Product of the Enlightenment era.
      • Thomas Hobbes believed the people could have a Social Contract with a Monarch.
        • A Social Contract is agreement between the ruler and the people..
      • John Locke stated that power comes from the Consent of the governed.
        • People had right to revolt.
  • 18. A Social Contract
  • 19. Terms to know.
    • Government
    • State
    • Public Policy
    • Legislative Power
    • Executive Power
    • Judicial Power
    • Force Theory
    • Divine Right
    • Evolutionary
    • Social Contract
  • 20. Summary
    • There are 4 characteristics of a state.
    • Governments are the decision making apparatus of a state and can take various forms
    • There are 4 sources of power for a state.