10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />1<br />The Restoration and the Glo...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />2<br />Topics<br />Charles II ( R....
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />3<br />I. Charles II (1660-1685)<b...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />4<br />A. The Restoration.<br />Pa...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />5<br />B. Charles II was a moderat...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />6<br />C. The Passage of Habeas Co...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />7<br />D. The Issues of Religion a...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />8<br />Cont…<br />James II , broth...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />9<br />II. James II (r 1685-1688)....
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />10<br />A. James II and his confli...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />11<br />B. Fear of a Catholic Line...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />12<br />III. The Glorious Revoluti...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />13<br />A. The Glorious Revolution...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />14<br />B. William and Mary accept...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />15<br />I. British Constitutional ...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />16<br />A. Parliament and the Crow...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />17<br />B. Development of the Cabi...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />18<br />C. Role of Prime Minister....
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />19<br />What do we Know?<br />Reli...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />20<br />Terms	<br />Habeas Corpus<...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />21<br />Presentation of the Bill o...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />22<br />Bill of Rights, 1689.<br />
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />23<br />Thomas Hobbes<br />English...
10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />24<br />John Locke<br />Glorious R...
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Topic 3 The Glourious Revolution

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Topic 3 The Glourious Revolution

  1. 1. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />1<br />The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution<br />
  2. 2. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />2<br />Topics<br />Charles II ( R. 1660-1685) <br />James II (R. 1685-1689 )<br />The Glorious Revolution.<br />
  3. 3. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />3<br />I. Charles II (1660-1685)<br />The Restoration<br />Charles II was a moderate<br />The Passage of Habeas Corpus<br />The Issues of Religion and money.<br />
  4. 4. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />4<br />A. The Restoration.<br />Parliament invited Charles Stuart back to Restore the Monarchy.<br />He was the Merry Monarch<br />He brought back the theater and woman where included.<br />Sporting events and merry making were welcome.<br />
  5. 5. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />5<br />B. Charles II was a moderate.<br />He did not believe in Divine Right.<br />Preferred Religious toleration<br />Was secretly Catholic<br />Accepted both Protestants and Catholics.<br />He accepted a role of Parliament.<br />Passage of Habeas Corpus<br />
  6. 6. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />6<br />C. The Passage of Habeas Corpus.<br />Citizen’s have a right for a trial before a judge.<br />They could not be held indefinitely.<br />Right to know the charges against you.<br />
  7. 7. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />7<br />D. The Issues of Religion and Money.<br />Charles II signs Treaty of Dover<br />France and Britain versus the Dutch<br /> Charles will receive money every year.<br />He must become Catholic at a later date.<br />Parliament fears Catholic influences<br />Charles issues the Declaration of Indulgence<br />Suspends laws against Catholics<br />Parliament suspends funding for war as response <br />Parliament passes Test act<br />Officials must denounce substantiation<br />An attack on Catholics<br />
  8. 8. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />8<br />Cont…<br />James II , brother, was the heir and devout Catholic.<br />Whigs formed against James II.<br />Tories remained in support of the monarchy.<br />
  9. 9. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />9<br />II. James II (r 1685-1688).<br />Conflict with Parliament.<br />Fear of a Catholic King<br />
  10. 10. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />10<br />A. James II and his conflict with parliament.<br />He believed in Divine Right.<br />Demanded repeal of Test Act<br />appointed Catholics to high political offices.<br />lost support of the Tories<br />James II dissolves parliament as a response.<br />James II places 13,000 troops outside of London.<br />
  11. 11. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />11<br />B. Fear of a Catholic Line of Kings.<br />James II and his second wife have a son.<br />Protestants fear that England will have a line of Catholic Kings in England.<br />James II religion as well as his willingness to use the crown’s power led to his downfall.<br />
  12. 12. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />12<br />III. The Glorious Revolution<br />Glorious Revolution<br />William and Mary<br />
  13. 13. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />13<br />A. The Glorious Revolution of 1688<br />Parliament turns to James II first child, Mary, who was raised a protestant and married William of Orange.<br />Parliament asks them to be the new King and Queen of England.<br />William and Mary arrive and achieve victory in a bloodless revolution.<br />
  14. 14. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />14<br />B. William and Mary accept the role of Parliament.<br />Parliament passed the English bill of Rights.<br />New restrictions were placed on the Monarchy.<br />No suspending parliaments laws.<br />No levying taxes without parliament approval.<br />Freedom of speech for members of parliament<br />No excessive bail<br />No standing army in times of peace.<br />
  15. 15. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />15<br />I. British Constitutional Monarchy<br />Parliament and Crown shared power.<br />Development of the cabinet.<br />Role of Prime Minister<br />
  16. 16. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />16<br />A. Parliament and the Crown shared Power.<br />Since Glorious Revolution England had a Constitutional Monarchy.<br />Power of crown became increasingly limited by law.<br />If Parliament and Crown disagreed, it became difficult to accomplish anything.<br />How to break a tie???<br />
  17. 17. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />17<br />B. Development of the Cabinet.<br />Executive committee develops to improve communication between parliament and Crown.<br />Originally it was the Monarchs closest friends.<br />Gradually became majority party officials.<br />King would gain more influence in Parliament.<br />
  18. 18. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />18<br />C. Role of Prime Minister.<br />1714 last of Stuart family dies.<br />Hanover dynasty begins.<br />George I could not speak English.<br />Sir Robert Walpole acted as leader of England for 20 years.<br />Under Walpole leader of Majority party became Prime Minister.<br />
  19. 19. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />19<br />What do we Know?<br />Religion and the crown’s absolutism were major causes to the Glorious Revolution?<br />The Revolution prevented a Catholic line of Kings in England.<br />The Revolution also demonstrated a major shift in power from the Crown to Parliament.<br />
  20. 20. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />20<br />Terms <br />Habeas Corpus<br />Bill of Rights<br />Absolute Monarchy<br />Restoration<br />Charles II<br />John Milton<br />Tory<br />Whig<br />James II<br />William and Mary<br />Glorious Revolution<br />
  21. 21. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />21<br />Presentation of the Bill of Rights<br />
  22. 22. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />22<br />Bill of Rights, 1689.<br />
  23. 23. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />23<br />Thomas Hobbes<br />English Civil War<br />Tutor of Charles II<br />People were inherently selfish<br />Believed in a monarchy with consent of the governed.<br />Wanted to maintain order.<br />
  24. 24. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.<br />24<br />John Locke<br />Glorious Revolution<br />Worked for a member of Parliament<br />People were inherently good<br />Believed in a limited monarchy.<br />Wanted to maintain Natural rights.<br />
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