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Topic 3 The Glourious Revolution

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  • 1. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    1
    The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution
  • 2. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    2
    Topics
    Charles II ( R. 1660-1685)
    James II (R. 1685-1689 )
    The Glorious Revolution.
  • 3. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    3
    I. Charles II (1660-1685)
    The Restoration
    Charles II was a moderate
    The Passage of Habeas Corpus
    The Issues of Religion and money.
  • 4. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    4
    A. The Restoration.
    Parliament invited Charles Stuart back to Restore the Monarchy.
    He was the Merry Monarch
    He brought back the theater and woman where included.
    Sporting events and merry making were welcome.
  • 5. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    5
    B. Charles II was a moderate.
    He did not believe in Divine Right.
    Preferred Religious toleration
    Was secretly Catholic
    Accepted both Protestants and Catholics.
    He accepted a role of Parliament.
    Passage of Habeas Corpus
  • 6. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    6
    C. The Passage of Habeas Corpus.
    Citizen’s have a right for a trial before a judge.
    They could not be held indefinitely.
    Right to know the charges against you.
  • 7. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    7
    D. The Issues of Religion and Money.
    Charles II signs Treaty of Dover
    France and Britain versus the Dutch
    Charles will receive money every year.
    He must become Catholic at a later date.
    Parliament fears Catholic influences
    Charles issues the Declaration of Indulgence
    Suspends laws against Catholics
    Parliament suspends funding for war as response
    Parliament passes Test act
    Officials must denounce substantiation
    An attack on Catholics
  • 8. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    8
    Cont…
    James II , brother, was the heir and devout Catholic.
    Whigs formed against James II.
    Tories remained in support of the monarchy.
  • 9. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    9
    II. James II (r 1685-1688).
    Conflict with Parliament.
    Fear of a Catholic King
  • 10. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    10
    A. James II and his conflict with parliament.
    He believed in Divine Right.
    Demanded repeal of Test Act
    appointed Catholics to high political offices.
    lost support of the Tories
    James II dissolves parliament as a response.
    James II places 13,000 troops outside of London.
  • 11. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    11
    B. Fear of a Catholic Line of Kings.
    James II and his second wife have a son.
    Protestants fear that England will have a line of Catholic Kings in England.
    James II religion as well as his willingness to use the crown’s power led to his downfall.
  • 12. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    12
    III. The Glorious Revolution
    Glorious Revolution
    William and Mary
  • 13. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    13
    A. The Glorious Revolution of 1688
    Parliament turns to James II first child, Mary, who was raised a protestant and married William of Orange.
    Parliament asks them to be the new King and Queen of England.
    William and Mary arrive and achieve victory in a bloodless revolution.
  • 14. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    14
    B. William and Mary accept the role of Parliament.
    Parliament passed the English bill of Rights.
    New restrictions were placed on the Monarchy.
    No suspending parliaments laws.
    No levying taxes without parliament approval.
    Freedom of speech for members of parliament
    No excessive bail
    No standing army in times of peace.
  • 15. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    15
    I. British Constitutional Monarchy
    Parliament and Crown shared power.
    Development of the cabinet.
    Role of Prime Minister
  • 16. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    16
    A. Parliament and the Crown shared Power.
    Since Glorious Revolution England had a Constitutional Monarchy.
    Power of crown became increasingly limited by law.
    If Parliament and Crown disagreed, it became difficult to accomplish anything.
    How to break a tie???
  • 17. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    17
    B. Development of the Cabinet.
    Executive committee develops to improve communication between parliament and Crown.
    Originally it was the Monarchs closest friends.
    Gradually became majority party officials.
    King would gain more influence in Parliament.
  • 18. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    18
    C. Role of Prime Minister.
    1714 last of Stuart family dies.
    Hanover dynasty begins.
    George I could not speak English.
    Sir Robert Walpole acted as leader of England for 20 years.
    Under Walpole leader of Majority party became Prime Minister.
  • 19. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    19
    What do we Know?
    Religion and the crown’s absolutism were major causes to the Glorious Revolution?
    The Revolution prevented a Catholic line of Kings in England.
    The Revolution also demonstrated a major shift in power from the Crown to Parliament.
  • 20. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    20
    Terms
    Habeas Corpus
    Bill of Rights
    Absolute Monarchy
    Restoration
    Charles II
    John Milton
    Tory
    Whig
    James II
    William and Mary
    Glorious Revolution
  • 21. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    21
    Presentation of the Bill of Rights
  • 22. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    22
    Bill of Rights, 1689.
  • 23. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    23
    Thomas Hobbes
    English Civil War
    Tutor of Charles II
    People were inherently selfish
    Believed in a monarchy with consent of the governed.
    Wanted to maintain order.
  • 24. 10.2 The Glorious Revolution of England and the Rise of constitutional monarchies.
    24
    John Locke
    Glorious Revolution
    Worked for a member of Parliament
    People were inherently good
    Believed in a limited monarchy.
    Wanted to maintain Natural rights.