The War Years Notes 3

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  • 1. The Great War The War Years Chapter 25 Pages 854-858
  • 2. Topics
    • Total War
    • The Russian Revolution
    • U.S. Enters the War
  • 3.
    • Total War
    • An Industrial War
    • New Weapons
    • Government involvement
    • Role of Civilians
    • Propaganda
    • Battles and Casualties
  • 4. A. An Industrial War
    • Every aspect of society was mobilized for total War
      • Draft
      • Labor
      • Resources
      • Manufacturing
  • 5. B. New Weapons.
    • Machine Guns
    • U Boats
    • Chemical Weapons
    • Planes
    • Tanks
  • 6. Machines Guns
  • 7.  
  • 8. Poison Gas
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. Shell torn forrest
  • 18. French at Argonne
  • 19. A French city
  • 20. German at the Somme
  • 21. French Cemetery
  • 22. Germans at Flanders
  • 23. A French Regiment
  • 24. No man’s land
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27. C. Government involvement
    • Increased government involvement in the economy.
      • Government planning.
      • Emphasis on military goods.
      • Workers were assigned to industries.
    • Consumer goods were limited.
      • Rationing of many goods.
  • 28. D. Role of Civilians
    • Society was mobilized for the war
      • Civilians were drafted into the army.
      • Millions of woman replaced men in the workforce.
    • Industries retooled for war materials.
      • War materials were needed.
      • Few consumer goods.
  • 29. E. Propaganda
    • Increase home support for the war.
    • Encourage desired behavior of citizens.
    • Demonize the enemy.
  • 30. Germany
  • 31. British
  • 32. French
  • 33. U.S.A.
  • 34. F. Battles and Casualties
    • Battle of the Marne ( 2 battles)
    • Battle of the Somme
    • Verdun
    • The Ardennes
    • France
      • Population 41 million, 20 million men
      • 8.4 million mobilized
      • 6 million killed, wounded, captured or missing
  • 35. Total casualties
  • 36. II. The Russian Revolution
    • Nicholas II
    • The Provisional Government
    • Lenin and Bolsheviks
    • Dictatorship and Civil War
  • 37. A. Nicholas II
    • Weak and Incompetent
      • A German Czarina and Rasputin
    • Poor decisions
      • Russo Japanese War
      • Revolution of 1905
    • Russia was backwards
      • Massive casualties
      • Massive starvation
  • 38. Russian mass Grave
  • 39. B. The Provisional Government
    • The Duma seized power in March 1917
      • Dominated by Constitutional Democrats
    • The Provisional Government was threatened by more radical groups
      • Socialists
      • Mensheviks
      • Bolsheviks
    • The conservatives stay in the war
  • 40. C. Lenin and Bolsheviks
    • Germany smuggled Lenin into Russia.
    • Plan was to have Lenin start a revolution
      • End war in East
    • Lenin is successful
      • October revolution
      • Signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk.
      • Germany now faces a one front war.
      • West bitter towards Russia.
  • 41.  
  • 42. D. Dictatorship and Civil War
    • Bolsheviks call for elections
      • Social Revolutionaries win
      • Bolsheviks seize power
    • Civil War breaks out
      • Red Army: the Army of Revolution
      • White Army: Conservatives and monarchists
    • Horrible bloodshed
  • 43. III. U.S. Enters the War
    • The War at Sea
    • Zimmerman Telegram
    • Unrestricted Submarine warfare
    • U.S. enters the war
  • 44. A. The War at Sea
    • Wilson advocated neutrality and freedom of the seas
    • Britain and France blockaded trade into the central powers
    • German U-boats attacked shipping going to Britain
      • Isolate Britain from colonies and U.S. supplies
      • Began unrestricted submarine warfare
      • The Lusitania(1915) 128 Americans killed
      • German’s promise to give warnings
  • 45. B. Zimmerman Telegram
    • German request for Mexico to attack the U.S.
      • History of Poor relations
      • Mexican American War
      • U.S. sent troops across border
      • Really upset Americans and Wilson
  • 46.  
  • 47. C. Unrestricted Submarine warfare
    • 1917 Germany concerned about supplies reaching Britain
    • Germany renews Unrestricted submarine warfare by U boats.
      • Germany hoped to cut supplies to the Allies.
      • U boats were seen as dirty, sneaky and immoral
  • 48. D. U.S. Enters the war
    • Wilson was a moralist
      • A war to save democracy
      • Remember Russia is out
    • Convoys vs. the U-Boats
      • 250,000 troops per month
    • The Great Industrial War
      • U.S. was an industrial monster
  • 49. What we know???
    • How is the Great war a total War
    • The impact of the Industrial Revolution
    • Why did the Russian Revolution occur?
    • Why did the U.S. Enter and what was the impact