The Jewel in the Crown - Topic 3

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The Jewel in the Crown - Topic 3

  1. 1. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />1<br />India: Crown Jewel of the British Empire<br />Chapter 25 section 3<br />
  2. 2. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />2<br />New Topics<br />The Mughal Empire: 1526–1858<br />Company Rule: 1757-1858<br />The British Raj: 1858-1949<br />
  3. 3. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />3<br />I. The Mughal Empire<br />Brief Facts<br />Decline of the Empire<br />Rise of Company Rule<br />40 Years of Anarchy<br />
  4. 4. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />4<br />A. Brief Facts<br />Leaders traced back to decedents of Genghis Khan<br />One of the great Muslim empires.<br />Sometimes tolerant<br />Sometimes not<br />
  5. 5. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />5<br />B. Decline of the Empire<br />Aurangzeb, Last Great Mughal emperor dies in 1707. <br />Expanded Mughal borders<br />Devout Muslim, little tolerance towards other faiths<br />Left 17 potential heirs that fought amongst themselves<br />Mughal Empire declines<br />
  6. 6. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />6<br />C. Rise of Company Rule<br />Internal fighting resulted in decrease in stability<br />British East Indian Company emerges as a major player in politics<br />Had its own army<br />Had its own treaties and alliances with local rulers<br />Led by Robert Clive<br />Eventually the BEI company became the dominant political force<br />
  7. 7. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />7<br />II. Company Rule<br />Origins<br />Provider of peace<br />Regulatory Act of 1773<br />The Companies Empire<br />
  8. 8. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />8<br />A. Origins<br />Chartered in 1600 in order to increase trade in Asia.<br />Spices and tea<br />By 1700 established trade in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.<br />Ports, factories and access to raw materials<br />Competed against French and Dutch<br />Independent of British government.<br />Far away from England <br />Focused on trade<br />
  9. 9. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />9<br />B. Provider of peace<br />Did maintain an army of Sepoys.<br />Hindu and Muslim Indians employed as troops.<br />Protect company interest and trade.<br />1757 Battle of Plassey<br />Robert Clive British commander <br />Wins region of Bengal and Bihar<br />BEI emerges as a political force.<br />Forms alliances with local princes.<br />Maintains stability.<br />
  10. 10. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />10<br />C. Regulatory Act of 1773.<br />&quot;for the better management of the affairs of the East India Company as well in India as in Europe.&quot;<br />British government assumes indirect control of colony<br />Organized territories under a Governor General.<br />First Governor General Warren Hastings<br />Lord Cornwallis<br />Established a judicial system<br />
  11. 11. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />11<br />D. The companies Empire<br />Britain developed India<br />Roads, Railways, bridges, canals and dams.<br />Indians were taxed to pay for it.<br />BEI Co. focused on trade and profit<br />Raw materials<br />
  12. 12. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />12<br />III. The British Raj<br />Indian Rebellion of 1857<br />Government of India Act 1858<br />The Indian Civil Service<br />
  13. 13. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />13<br />A. Indian Rebellion of 1857<br />Hindu and Muslim Sepoy discovered animal fat was used in cartridges.<br />Some local princes support Sepoy.<br />Britain helps Company to put down revolt.<br />Sikhs and loyal Indian Princes also support British.<br />
  14. 14. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />14<br />Sepoy Troops<br />
  15. 15. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />15<br />B. Government of India Act 1858<br />Parliament takes control of BEI and India<br />Created the Indian Civil Service.<br />Professional administrators, not pirates<br />Prevent corruption and anarchy.<br />Organized tax Collection<br />Streamline and normalize taxes.<br />Improved the Sepoy and military.<br />Paramountcy was established.<br />Local Princes recognized British dominance, but stay in power (indirect rule)<br />Owed loyalty to British Crown<br />
  16. 16. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />16<br />D. The Indian Civil Service.<br />At first was professionally trained British citizens who governed India.<br />Eventually, educated Indians were used to administer India.<br />Comprised of Indian elite.<br />Resented 2nd class status.<br />The Indian National Congress<br />The Muslim League<br />
  17. 17. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />17<br />IV. Why Britain was successful<br />Improved Technology<br />Military<br />Communication<br />transportation<br />40 years of Anarchy weakened Indian leaders.<br />The Power of Peace<br />British rule did bring stability<br />Britain was united, India was not<br />
  18. 18. 11/5/2009<br />10.4 Causes and Consequences of British Imperialism in India <br />18<br />Terms<br />Mughal Empire<br />Maharajah<br />British East India Company<br />Robert Clive<br />Battle Of Plassey<br />Regulatory Act of 1773<br />Raj<br />Indian Rebellion of 1857<br />Sepoy<br />Government of India Act 1858<br />The Indian National Congress<br />The Muslim League<br />

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