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The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
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The French Revolution

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  • 1. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />1<br />The French Revolution<br />When Revolution goes Right, Left or Wrong?<br />
  • 2. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />2<br />Objectives<br />Crisis in the French Monarchy<br />The Revolution of 1789<br />The Reconstruction of France<br />The Second Revolution<br />The Reign of Terror<br />
  • 3. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />3<br />Crisis in the French Monarchy<br />The financial crisis<br />Louis XVI was a weak ruler<br />The Estates General<br />
  • 4. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />4<br />A. The financial crisis<br />France was in massive debt<br />The 7 year war<br />The American Revolution<br />Lifestyle of the Bourbon family<br />Nobility refused to increase taxes on themselves<br />
  • 5. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />5<br />B. Louis XVI was a weak ruler<br />Little influence over nobility<br />Nobility did not want to increase taxes<br />Would not raise taxes unless Estates General met <br />It had not met since 1614.<br />Little influence with public<br />Often unable to address pressing issues<br />
  • 6. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />6<br />C. The Estates General<br />The First Estate: Catholic Church<br />Controlled about 10% of the land.<br />Paid a 2% gift to the monarch<br />The Second Estate: The Nobility<br />Less than 2% of the population.<br />Owned 25% of the land<br />Could tax peasants at will.<br />Resented authority of crown<br />The Third Estate: everyone else<br />The emerging Bourgeoisie.<br />The urban working class.<br />Peasant farmers.<br />Carried the majority of the tax burden.<br />
  • 7. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />7<br />II. The Revolution of 1789<br />Meeting of the Estates General<br />The National Assembly<br />The Tennis Court Oath<br />Fall of the Bastille<br />The Great Fear<br />March on Versailles<br />
  • 8. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />8<br />A. Meeting of the Estates General<br />All Estates agreed change was needed<br />Political reform<br />Address corruption<br />But bitter division over how to vote.<br />Vote by order, Third Estate will lose 2-1.<br />As a Whole, Third Estate wins 610-591.<br />King Louis XVI requests estates to meet separately<br />
  • 9. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />9<br />The Estates General Meets<br />
  • 10. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />10<br />B. The National Assembly<br />Third Estate refuses and forms National Assembly<br />Invites 1st and 2nd Estate to sit with them<br />Seized power away from the First and Second estates <br />
  • 11. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />11<br />C. The Tennis Court Oath<br />Vowed to write a constitution<br />Members of other estates joined<br />King gave in to National Assembly<br />The Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizen’s.<br />
  • 12. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />12<br />Tennis Court Oath<br />
  • 13. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />13<br />D. Fall of the Bastille: 7/14/1789<br />While National Assembly meets, Paris has riots.<br />Poor wheat crop cause price increases.<br />Riots over rising prices of bread.<br />Louis XVI called for his Swiss guards to come to Paris<br />To Protect the crown<br />The crowds feared this move.<br />The National Assembly feared the Guards were coming after them.<br />Peasants attack Bastille to seize weapons for defense<br />This is NOT the Assembly<br />
  • 14. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />14<br />
  • 15. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />15<br />E. The Great Fear: Summer 1789.<br />Peasant mobs rise against nobility.<br />Attacked manors<br />Destroyed legal documents<br />Seized land<br />Stopped paying taxes<br />National Assembly forces Louis XVI to end Feudalism<br />
  • 16. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />16<br />F. The March on Versailles: 10/5/1789<br />Rising bread prices anger woman of Paris.<br />They march on the assembly.<br />They march to Versailles.<br />The woman and mobs attack Versailles.<br />Force King to agree to return to Paris.<br />
  • 17. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />17<br />The March on Versailles<br />
  • 18. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />18<br />
  • 19. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />19<br />
  • 20. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />20<br />III. The Reconstruction of France<br />Political reorganization<br />Attacks on the Catholic Church <br />The Counter Revolution<br />
  • 21. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />21<br />A. Political reorganization<br />Citizenship and voting based on tax payers<br />Created 83 departments<br />Replaced all provincial power<br />Further crippled nobility<br />
  • 22. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />22<br />B. Attacks on the Catholic Church<br />Seized all land from church<br />Transformed Catholic Church into secular part of state.<br />Between loss of lands and this Catholic church was very angry<br />Even members of Church who supported the assembly opposed the Revolution now.<br />Really angered the Pope<br />
  • 23. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />23<br />C. The Counter Revolution<br />The revolution threatened political and social order across Europe<br />The Vatican<br />French Nobility or Emigres<br />The King tried to flee, but was caught<br />Monarchs of Europe saw its as a threat<br />Frederick II of Prussia vowed to protect Marie Antoinette <br />
  • 24. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />24<br />IV. The Second Revolution<br />The Jacobins<br />The Paris Commune<br />The Sans-Culottes<br />
  • 25. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />25<br />A. The Jacobins<br />Political Party of the Revolution<br />Influenced by Rousseau and Enlightenment<br />Emerged as early leaders of assembly<br />Declared war on Austria as a threat to the Revolution (1792)<br />
  • 26. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />26<br />B. The Paris Commune<br />Formed to govern Paris during the war<br />Consisted of mobs of people to protect the revolution<br />Feared the counter revolutionaries<br />Attacked the royal residence<br />Imprisoned the family<br />
  • 27. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />27<br />C. The Sans-Culottes<br />Shop keepers, workers and artisans<br />Primarily the poor<br />Very angry at price of food<br />People have a right to food<br />Angry at the Jacobins<br />Divisions in the assembly<br />The left was extremely revolutionary<br />The Right wanted a constitutional Monarchy<br />
  • 28. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />28<br />The King is dead !!!<br />
  • 29. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />29<br />
  • 30. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />30<br />V. The Reign of Terror<br />War with Europe<br />The Levee en Masse<br />Committee on Public safety<br />The end of Terror<br />
  • 31. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />31<br />A. War with Europe<br />France was at war with Britain, Austria and Prussia<br />Europe feared the revolution<br />The radicals of the revolution saw a need to defend the revolution<br />Viewed early leaders of the revolution as a threat<br />
  • 32. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />32<br />B. The Levee en Masse<br />Mobilize the entire population<br />Over 1 million men<br />Included women<br />
  • 33. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />33<br />C. Committee on Public safety<br />Had power to defend the revolution from internal threats<br />Headed by Maximillian Robespierre<br />Determined to build a “Republic of Virtue”<br />From 1793 –1794 put on trial all enemies of the state.<br />Christians and women<br />Anyone less radical than Robespierre.<br />40,000 people killed.<br />
  • 34. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />34<br />The fate of those who threatened the Revolution<br />
  • 35. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />35<br />D. The End of Terror<br />Robespierre creates “Cult of Supreme Being”<br />Remaining leaders fear his power<br />Robespierre accuses them of conspiracy<br />This is the end of Robespierre<br />Period becomes known as Reign of Terror<br />
  • 36. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />36<br />Robespierre Is Killed in 1794<br />
  • 37. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />37<br />Closure…<br />The French monarchy failed in addressing the problems of France.<br />How the Enlightenment influenced the Third Estate.<br />How economic conditions radicalized the revolution from the bottom<br />How the revolution challenged the social order of all of Europe<br />
  • 38. 10/1/2009<br />10.2 Causes and consequences of the French Revolution<br />38<br />Terms<br />Estates General<br />Old Regime<br />Louis XVI<br />Bourgeoisie<br />Sans Culottes<br />Bastille <br />National Assembly <br />Great Fear<br />Declaration of the Rights of Man<br />Jacobin<br />Reign of Terror<br />Robespierre<br />

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