The French Revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

The French Revolution






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    The French Revolution The French Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • The French Revolution When Revolution goes Right, Left or Wrong?
    • Objectives
      • Crisis in the French Monarchy
      • The Revolution of 1789
      • The Reconstruction of France
      • The Second Revolution
      • The Reign of Terror
      • Crisis in the French Monarchy
      • The financial crisis
      • Louis XVI was a weak ruler
      • The Estates General
    • A. The financial crisis
      • France was in massive debt
        • The 7 year war
        • The American Revolution
        • Lifestyle of the Bourbon family
      • Nobility refused to increase taxes on themselves
    • B. Louis XVI was a weak ruler
      • Little influence over nobility
        • Nobility did not want to increase taxes
        • Would not raise taxes unless Estates General met
        • It had not met since 1614.
      • Little influence with public
      • Often unable to address pressing issues
    • C. The Estates General
      • The First Estate: Catholic Church
        • Controlled about 10% of the land.
        • Paid a 2% gift to the monarch
      • The Second Estate: The Nobility
        • Less than 2% of the population.
        • Owned 25% of the land
        • Could tax peasants at will.
        • Resented authority of crown
      • The Third Estate: everyone else
        • The emerging Bourgeoisie.
        • The urban working class.
        • Peasant farmers.
        • Carried the majority of the tax burden.
    • II. The Revolution of 1789
      • Meeting of the Estates General
      • The National Assembly
      • The Tennis Court Oath
      • Fall of the Bastille
      • The Great Fear
      • March on Versailles
    • A. Meeting of the Estates General
      • All Estates agreed change was needed
        • Political reform
        • Address corruption
      • But bitter division over how to vote.
        • Vote by order, Third Estate will lose 2-1.
        • As a Whole, Third Estate wins 610-591.
      • King Louis XVI requests estates to meet separately
    • The Estates General Meets
    • B. The National Assembly
      • Third Estate refuses and forms National Assembly
      • Invites 1 st and 2 nd Estate to sit with them
      • Seized power away from the First and Second estates
    • C. The Tennis Court Oath
      • Vowed to write a constitution
      • Members of other estates joined
      • King gave in to National Assembly
      • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizen’s.
    • Tennis Court Oath
    • D. Fall of the Bastille: 7/14/1789
      • While National Assembly meets, Paris has riots.
        • Poor wheat crop cause price increases.
        • Riots over rising prices of bread.
      • Louis XVI called for his Swiss guards to come to Paris
        • To Protect the crown
        • The crowds feared this move.
        • The National Assembly feared the Guards were coming after them.
      • Peasants attack Bastille to seize weapons for defense
        • This is NOT the Assembly
    • E. The Great Fear: Summer 1789.
      • Peasant mobs rise against nobility.
        • Attacked manors
        • Destroyed legal documents
        • Seized land
        • Stopped paying taxes
      • National Assembly forces Louis XVI to end Feudalism
    • F. The March on Versailles: 10/5/1789
      • Rising bread prices anger woman of Paris.
        • They march on the assembly.
        • They march to Versailles.
      • The woman and mobs attack Versailles.
      • Force King to agree to return to Paris.
    • The March on Versailles
    • III. The Reconstruction of France
      • Political reorganization
      • Attacks on the Catholic Church
      • The Counter Revolution
    • A. Political reorganization
      • Citizenship and voting based on tax payers
      • Created 83 departments
        • Replaced all provincial power
        • Further crippled nobility
    • B. Attacks on the Catholic Church
      • Seized all land from church
      • Transformed Catholic Church into secular part of state.
        • Between loss of lands and this Catholic church was very angry
        • Even members of Church who supported the assembly opposed the Revolution now.
        • Really angered the Pope
    • C. The Counter Revolution
      • The revolution threatened political and social order across Europe
        • The Vatican
        • French Nobility or Emigres
        • The King tried to flee, but was caught
        • Monarchs of Europe saw its as a threat
          • Frederick II of Prussia vowed to protect Marie Antoinette
    • IV. The Second Revolution
      • The Jacobins
      • The Paris Commune
      • The Sans-Culottes
    • A. The Jacobins
      • Political Party of the Revolution
        • Influenced by Rousseau and Enlightenment
        • Emerged as early leaders of assembly
      • Declared war on Austria as a threat to the Revolution (1792)
    • B. The Paris Commune
      • Formed to govern Paris during the war
      • Consisted of mobs of people to protect the revolution
        • Feared the counter revolutionaries
      • Attacked the royal residence
        • Imprisoned the family
    • C. The Sans-Culottes
      • Shop keepers, workers and artisans
        • Primarily the poor
      • Very angry at price of food
        • People have a right to food
        • Angry at the Jacobins
      • Divisions in the assembly
        • The left was extremely revolutionary
        • The Right wanted a constitutional Monarchy
    • The King is dead !!!
    • V. The Reign of Terror
      • War with Europe
      • The Levee en Masse
      • Committee on Public safety
      • The end of Terror
    • A. War with Europe
      • France was at war with Britain, Austria and Prussia
        • Europe feared the revolution
      • The radicals of the revolution saw a need to defend the revolution
        • Viewed early leaders of the revolution as a threat
    • B. The Levee en Masse
      • Mobilize the entire population
        • Over 1 million men
        • Included women
    • C. Committee on Public safety
      • Had power to defend the revolution from internal threats
        • Headed by Maximillian Robespierre
      • Determined to build a “Republic of Virtue”
      • From 1793 –1794 put on trial all enemies of the state.
        • Christians and women
        • Anyone less radical than Robespierre.
        • 40,000 people killed.
    • The fate of those who threatened the Revolution
    • D. The End of Terror
      • Robespierre creates “Cult of Supreme Being”
      • Remaining leaders fear his power
      • Robespierre accuses them of conspiracy
      • This is the end of Robespierre
      • Period becomes known as Reign of Terror
    • Robespierre Is Killed in 1794
    • Closure…
      • The French monarchy failed in addressing the problems of France.
      • How the Enlightenment influenced the Third Estate.
      • How economic conditions radicalized the revolution from the bottom
      • How the revolution challenged the social order of all of Europe
    • Terms
      • Estates General
      • Old Regime
      • Louis XVI
      • Bourgeoisie
      • Sans Culottes
      • Bastille
      • National Assembly
      • Great Fear
      • Declaration of the Rights of Man
      • Jacobin
      • Reign of Terror
      • Robespierre