The Expressed Powers Of Congress


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The Expressed Powers Of Congress

  1. 1. The Powers of Congress Chapter 11 section 1,2,3, 4 and 5
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>The Legislative Powers </li></ul><ul><li>The Expressed Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Non legislative Powers </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Legislative Powers <ul><li>Expressed Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Implied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Denied Powers </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Expressed Powers <ul><li>Powers expressly given to congress in the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct foreign policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coin money </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. Implied Powers <ul><li>Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Congress is granted the power to make any laws “necessary and proper” in carrying out its duties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson and Strict Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamilton and Liberal Construction </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Interpretation??? <ul><li>Power to create a bank?? </li></ul><ul><li>Or… </li></ul><ul><li>“ A well regulated militia being necessary and proper to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. C. Denied Powers <ul><li>Article I section 9 list denied powers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can not suspend writs of Habeas Corpus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Bills of Attainder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Ex Post Facto Laws . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights further restricts Legislative Power. </li></ul><ul><li>10 th amendment reserves powers not mentioned with the states. </li></ul>
  8. 8. II. The Expressed Powers <ul><li>Power to Tax </li></ul><ul><li>The Borrowing Power </li></ul><ul><li>The Commerce Power </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Copy Rights and Patents </li></ul><ul><li>Other Expressed Powers </li></ul>
  9. 9. A. Power to Tax <ul><li>A tax is a charge levied by the government on persons or property to meet public needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations on Taxes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May only tax for public purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May not tax exports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indirect taxes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. B. The Borrowing Power <ul><li>Deficit Financing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Government spends more than it takes in one year. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The National debt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The total amount of money borrowed by the government over time, plus accumulated interest. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. C. The Commerce Power <ul><li>Power of congress to regulate interstate trade as well as foreign trade. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevented trade wars between states. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gibbons v Ogden, 1824. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stated commerce is also traffic and intercourse. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. D. Judicial Powers <ul><li>Power to establish the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Define crimes and set punishments. </li></ul>
  13. 13. E. Copyrights and Patents <ul><li>Copyright is the exclusive right of an author to reproduce, publish, and sell his or her creative work. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registered at the Copyright office of the Library of Congress. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patent grants a person the sole right to manufacture, use or sell any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, or composition, of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. </li></ul>
  14. 14. F. Other Expressed Powers <ul><li>Immigration and Naturalization </li></ul><ul><li>The Postal Power </li></ul><ul><li>Weights and Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a common currency </li></ul><ul><li>Common bankruptcy Laws </li></ul>
  15. 15. II. Foreign Relations <ul><li>The Federal government represents the states </li></ul><ul><li>The War Powers </li></ul>
  16. 16. A. The Federal government represents the states <ul><li>The states are not sovereign. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No power in foreign affairs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 different policies would be a problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President conducts many of the relations with other nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress does play a role in these relations </li></ul>
  17. 17. B. The War Powers <ul><li>Congress has the power to declare war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise and support armies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a navy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, the President is the Commander in Chief. </li></ul><ul><li>A Constitutional conflict </li></ul>
  18. 18. IV. Non Legislative Powers <ul><li>Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral duties </li></ul><ul><li>Impeachment </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Advice and consent </li></ul><ul><li>New States and Territories </li></ul>
  19. 19. A. Amendments <ul><li>Begin process to amend the Constitution </li></ul>
  20. 20. B. Electoral Duties <ul><li>If no candidate receives a majority in the electoral college, the house will select a winner. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1801 election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1825 election </li></ul></ul><ul><li>25 th Amendment allows House and Senate to confirm the Vice President. </li></ul>
  21. 21. C. Impeachment <ul><li>Congress has power to impeach Federal Official. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The House can impeach, or formally bring charges. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Senate will act as a jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Supreme Court Justice acts as the Judge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only has occurred twice. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Andrew Johnson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Clinton </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. D. Conduct Investigations <ul><li>Implied power that congress has power to investigate government action. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>impact of proposed legislation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of current legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive misconduct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate a major crisis </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. E. Advice and Consent <ul><li>Sometimes referred to as Executive Powers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate approves all executive appointments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambassadors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court Justices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate also approves all treaties. </li></ul>
  24. 24. New States and Territories <ul><li>Established rules of admittance to become a new state. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District of Columbia in 1980 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puerto Rico in 1989 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress also governs territories. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and Washington D.C. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Terms <ul><li>Expressed powers </li></ul><ul><li>Implied powers </li></ul><ul><li>Strict constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalization </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Patent </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary and proper Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Impeach </li></ul><ul><li>Censure </li></ul><ul><li>subpoena </li></ul>
  26. 26. What do we know?? <ul><li>What are the expressed powers for Congress? </li></ul><ul><li>The difference between strict and liberal interpretation of the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>How does Congress affect Foreign policy? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the non legislative powers of congress? </li></ul>