How A Bill Becomes A Law Final

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How A Bill Becomes A Law Final

  1. 1. How a Bill Becomes a Law Ch 12 Sec 3 and 4
  2. 3. Topics <ul><li>The First Steps </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill in Committee </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill on the Floor </li></ul><ul><li>The President </li></ul>
  3. 4. I. The First Steps <ul><li>From idea to bill </li></ul><ul><li>Public and Private Bills </li></ul><ul><li>Resolutions </li></ul><ul><li>The First Reading </li></ul>
  4. 7. A. From idea to bill <ul><li>Only Representatives and Senators may introduce legislation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives introduce bills in the hopper . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senators give it to the clerk or announce it on the floor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other groups may influence Congressman on potential laws. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The President,Special Interest groups and constituents. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. B. Public and Private Bills <ul><li>Public bills apply to the nation as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Private Bills are measures that apply to a specific person. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes bills have riders attached to the bill. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rider will not pass on its own merit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xmas tree or pork barreling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graft </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. C. Resolutions <ul><li>Joint Resolutions must be approved by both houses, usually deal with temporary maters. (Foreign policy) </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Resolutions passed by both houses, does not require signature of president and does not have force of law. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Resolutions that only deal with maters in one house. </li></ul>
  7. 11. D. The First Reading <ul><li>Bills are given #’s and titles when they are read into the congressional record. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>H.R 2840 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S. 200 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. II. The Bill in Committee <ul><li>The Committee at work </li></ul><ul><li>Committee Actions </li></ul>
  9. 13. A. The Committee at work <ul><li>Bill is sent to committee and subcommittee </li></ul><ul><li>Committee staff will research the bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearings on Pro and Con, witnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of Bill. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress can take junkets. </li></ul><ul><li>Markup session </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make changes to bill or combine similar bills into one large bill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bill then can be reported to the Full House </li></ul>
  10. 14. B. Committee Actions <ul><li>Report the bill favorably, unfavorably or amended. </li></ul><ul><li>Report a committee bill ,or a bill that refers to many bill of a similar topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Pigeonhole or refuse to report the bill. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In this case a member can issue a Discharge Petition to force a bill out of committee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires a majority vote. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. III. The Bill on the Floor <ul><li>The calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Debate in the House </li></ul><ul><li>Debate in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Voting </li></ul><ul><li>Conference committee </li></ul>
  12. 16. A. The Calendar <ul><li>Once a bill leaves committee it must be placed on the calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>The House Rules committee places the bill on the calendar. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The House has 5 different calendars. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate majority leader places bill on one. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the 2 nd reading </li></ul>
  13. 17. B. Debate in the House <ul><li>The House Rules committee will establish time and rules of Debate. </li></ul><ul><li>To official business the House must have a quorum of 218 or…. </li></ul><ul><li>House can meet as a committee of the Whole . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs only 100 present. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules for debate are established by the Rules committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debate time is limited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moves at a much faster pace. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. C. Debate in the Senate <ul><li>Senate debate is unlimited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filibusters can be used to block legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloture rule can end a filibuster if 60 senators vote to agree. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. D. Voting <ul><li>Voice Vote: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most common. Members say yea or nay. No record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teller Vote: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members are counted in the aisle as they leave. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standing Vote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members stand if in favor and are counted. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roll call vote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role is called and each members states yea or nay </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. E. Conference committee <ul><li>Temporary committee that settle differences between House and Senate versions of a bill </li></ul><ul><li>After differences are resolved between bills, the Final version is then voted on in the House and the Senate. </li></ul>
  17. 21. IV. The President <ul><li>Sign the Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul><ul><li>Not sign the Bill, and 10 days later it becomes a law. </li></ul><ul><li>Pocket Veto , if the end of the session is over within the next 10 days. </li></ul>
  18. 22. Terms to Know <ul><li>Standing Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Bills </li></ul><ul><li>Select Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Discharge petition </li></ul><ul><li>Pigeonholed </li></ul><ul><li>Riders </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Hopper </li></ul><ul><li>Markup session </li></ul><ul><li>Junket </li></ul><ul><li>Filibuster </li></ul><ul><li>Pocket Veto </li></ul>

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