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Executive Powers Ch 14 Part 2
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Executive Powers Ch 14 Part 2

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  • 1. Executive Powers: Part 1 Chapter 14: section 1 and 2
  • 2.  
  • 3. Topics
    • Diplomatic and Military Power
    • Legislative Power
    • Judicial Power
  • 4. I. Diplomatic and Military Power
    • Treaties and Executive Agreements
    • Recognition
    • War Powers
    • War Powers Act of 1973
  • 5. A. Treaties and Executive Agreements
    • The President can make treaties with two-thirds approval of the Senate.
    • The President can by-pass senate approval with executive agreement .
      • These agreements have the same legal status as treaties.
      • They do not require the approval of the senate
  • 6. B. Recognition
    • Another diplomatic power of the President is the power of recognition .
      • To recognize a foreign government as legitimate.
      • Recognition is given or withheld from foreign governments as a method of approving or disapproving that nations actions.
        • China and Cuba.
        • Hamas???
        • Tibet and Taiwan???
  • 7.
    • Alexander Hamilton wrote:
    • “ the direction of war most peculiarly demands those qualities which distinguished the exercise of power by a single hand”.
    • Federalist 74
  • 8. C. War Powers
    • The President is the Commander in Chief, commander of the Armed Services.
      • President has sent troops into combat without Congressional approval.
        • Barbary Coast Pirates under Jefferson
        • James Polk and the Nueces River valley
        • Korean War and Vietnam War
        • Military strikes against Libya, Afghanistan, Sudan, Bosnia, Granada, Panama, and on
    • Congress has power to declare war.
      • Has passed joint resolutions 8 times in support of military action.
  • 9. D. War Powers Resolution of 1973
    • 3 provisions
      • President must report to congress of any military action within 48 hours.
      • Troop involvement is limited to 60 days.
        • Congress can approve for longer involvement.
      • Congress may pass a concurrent resolution to end combat operations
    • Many oppose the WPR as unconstitutional.
      • Restricts the power of the executive.
  • 10. II. Legislative Power
    • State of The Union Address
    • Veto power
  • 11. A. State of the Union Address
    • Each year the President stands before congress to deliver this address.
      • Tells the State of the Union .
      • Sets a national agenda
      • Attempts to influence Congress
    • The President can also work closely with individual legislators to push a specific agenda.
  • 12. B. Veto Power
    • The president has the power to veto legislation made by congress.
      • Can also pocket Veto
    • Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote.
    • Some want to give the President the power of Line Item Veto
  • 13. V. Judicial Power
    • The Appointments
    • Pardons
    • Amnesty
    • Other powers
  • 14. A. The Appointments
    • The Power to appoint Supreme Court Judges.
      • Must be confirmed by the Senate.
    • Has an incredible impact.
      • Judges serve the rest of their life.
      • Far reaching impact.
      • They interpret the constitution
  • 15. B. Pardons
    • A pardon is a legal forgiveness for a crime
      • Can only be used in federal cases
      • Usually granted after conviction, but not always
        • Richard M. Nixon and Watergate
        • Clinton and his brother.
  • 16. C. Amnesty
    • A special pardon given to a group of people.
      • 1977 Carter granted Amnesty to those who avoided the draft during the Vietnam War.
  • 17. D. Other powers
    • reprieve is the postponement of the execution of a sentence.
      • Still guilty
      • Penalty is postponed
    • A commutation reduces the sentence or the fine imposed
      • Still guilt
      • The penalty has been reduced
  • 18. What we know
    • What are the diplomatic and military powers of the executive?
    • How is there a conflict between the executive and legislative branch over the issue of military powers?
    • What is the War Powers Resolution of 1973?
    • How can the President influence legislation?
    • How can the President influence the courts?
  • 19. Terms
    • Executive agreement
    • Treaty
    • Recognition
    • War Powers Resolution of 1973
    • Line item veto
    • State of union address
    • Pardon
    • Amnesty
    • Reprieve
    • Clemency