Spheres of influence and China Chapter 25 section 4
Topics <ul><li>Structure of Chinese Society </li></ul><ul><li>China viewed itself as the center of Civilization. </li></ul...
I. Structure of Chinese Society <ul><li>A Feudal model </li></ul><ul><li>The Bureaucracy </li></ul>
A. A Feudal model <ul><li>Elite rented land to peasants and collected taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants worked the land. <...
B. The Bureaucracy ran the country. <ul><li>Person had to pass a difficult exam to enter. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on lon...
II. China  as center of Civilization. <ul><li>Massive population </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Civilization </li></ul><ul><li...
A. Massive population <ul><li>Growing Population </li></ul><ul><li>150million to 400 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Large work...
B. Advanced Civilization <ul><li>Invented the compass, printing, gunpowder. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced many fine goods by ...
C. Controlled local trade <ul><li>Large fleet controlled local seas. </li></ul>
D. Very long history <ul><li>Longer recorded history than Europe. </li></ul>
E. Cultural Chauvinism <ul><li>Longer recorded history than Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>China believed they were center of C...
III. European Trade and China <ul><li>Europe wanted access to Chinese markets. </li></ul><ul><li>China looked down on Euro...
A. Europe wanted access to Chinese markets. <ul><li>Europe wanted Chinese items such as silk, porcelain and Rhubarb. </li>...
B. China looked down on Europe. <ul><li>The barbarians smelled bad. </li></ul><ul><li>They were only allowed to trade in C...
IV. The Opium Wars  (1839-1842) <ul><li>The Opium trade </li></ul><ul><li>China protests </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Nanki...
A. The Opium trade <ul><li>Opium was the solution to the trade problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Opium trade increases from 1800 ...
B. China protests <ul><li>China goes to war to stop trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese navy has 13th century technology. </l...
C. Treaty of Nanking <ul><li>Britain wins right to trade in 4 new cities and Hong Kong becomes a colony. </li></ul><ul><li...
V. The Ch’ing Struggles <ul><li>Threats to China </li></ul><ul><li>Tai Ping Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and the Open ...
A. Threats to China <ul><li>Dominated by Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Government was corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Overpopulation...
B. Tai Ping Rebellion (1850-1865) <ul><li>Led by Hung Hsui Chu’an. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by those who failed examinations....
Tai ping rebellion
C. U.S. and the Open Door Policy <ul><li>U.S. fears being left out of China. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China is a huge Market....
D. China attempts to modernize <ul><li>many argue modernization of China is essential to repel foreigners. </li></ul><ul><...
E. The Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Fists of Righteous harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Movement to remove all foreigners from China. ...
8 Nation alliance <ul><li>Germany, Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Russia, Japan and the yes the U.S.  </li></ul><u...
 
Terms <ul><li>Extraterritorial rights </li></ul><ul><li>Sphere of influence </li></ul><ul><li>Opium war </li></ul><ul><li>...
Summary… <ul><li>How did China view their own civilization? How did they view Europe's?  </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Opi...
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China And Imperialism

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China And Imperialism

  1. 1. Spheres of influence and China Chapter 25 section 4
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Structure of Chinese Society </li></ul><ul><li>China viewed itself as the center of Civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>European Trade and China </li></ul><ul><li>The Opium Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Ch’ing Dynasty struggles </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Structure of Chinese Society <ul><li>A Feudal model </li></ul><ul><li>The Bureaucracy </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. A Feudal model <ul><li>Elite rented land to peasants and collected taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants worked the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Both groups were treated equally before the law. </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. The Bureaucracy ran the country. <ul><li>Person had to pass a difficult exam to enter. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on long history of China </li></ul><ul><li>Also on Confucianism. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To perfect the behavior of man. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had to look at the past. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. II. China as center of Civilization. <ul><li>Massive population </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled local trade </li></ul><ul><li>Very long history </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Chauvinism </li></ul>
  7. 7. A. Massive population <ul><li>Growing Population </li></ul><ul><li>150million to 400 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Large work force, no need to industrialize. </li></ul>
  8. 8. B. Advanced Civilization <ul><li>Invented the compass, printing, gunpowder. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced many fine goods by skilled artisans. </li></ul><ul><li>More advanced metallurgy up until the 17th century. </li></ul>
  9. 9. C. Controlled local trade <ul><li>Large fleet controlled local seas. </li></ul>
  10. 10. D. Very long history <ul><li>Longer recorded history than Europe. </li></ul>
  11. 11. E. Cultural Chauvinism <ul><li>Longer recorded history than Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>China believed they were center of Civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Led to cultural Chauvinism or Hubris. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The idea that China was superior to other nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is a big problem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China was unwilling to learn from other nations. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. III. European Trade and China <ul><li>Europe wanted access to Chinese markets. </li></ul><ul><li>China looked down on Europe. </li></ul>
  13. 13. A. Europe wanted access to Chinese markets. <ul><li>Europe wanted Chinese items such as silk, porcelain and Rhubarb. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem was that China did not want anything from Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>China only wanted gold and silver. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a Balance of Trade problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe needs an item to trade to China. </li></ul>
  14. 14. B. China looked down on Europe. <ul><li>The barbarians smelled bad. </li></ul><ul><li>They were only allowed to trade in Canton to licensed Hong Traders. </li></ul><ul><li>China wanted to keep Europeans out of China. </li></ul>
  15. 15. IV. The Opium Wars (1839-1842) <ul><li>The Opium trade </li></ul><ul><li>China protests </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Nanking </li></ul>
  16. 16. A. The Opium trade <ul><li>Opium was the solution to the trade problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Opium trade increases from 1800 to 1839 by 4000 to 40,000 chests. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Emperor asks Queen Victoria to end trade. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She ignored the request. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. B. China protests <ul><li>China goes to war to stop trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese navy has 13th century technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain is Industrial. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese government is also no longer effective. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagued with corruption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People used bribes to pass tests. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. C. Treaty of Nanking <ul><li>Britain wins right to trade in 4 new cities and Hong Kong becomes a colony. </li></ul><ul><li>British citizens gain extra territorial rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain claims a Sphere of Influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Other European nations will follow suit. </li></ul>
  19. 19. V. The Ch’ing Struggles <ul><li>Threats to China </li></ul><ul><li>Tai Ping Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and the Open Door Policy </li></ul><ul><li>China attempts to modernize </li></ul><ul><li>The Boxer Rebellion </li></ul>
  20. 20. A. Threats to China <ul><li>Dominated by Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Government was corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Overpopulation was becoming an issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Opium trade and low taxes were emptying the treasury. </li></ul>
  21. 21. B. Tai Ping Rebellion (1850-1865) <ul><li>Led by Hung Hsui Chu’an. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by those who failed examinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by 1 million peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a society based on equality. </li></ul><ul><li>They take control of South China. </li></ul><ul><li>European nations put down rebellion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 million Chinese die. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Tai ping rebellion
  23. 23. C. U.S. and the Open Door Policy <ul><li>U.S. fears being left out of China. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China is a huge Market. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. declares an Open Door Policy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any Nation may trade anywhere in China. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevented china from being divided into colonies. </li></ul>
  24. 24. D. China attempts to modernize <ul><li>many argue modernization of China is essential to repel foreigners. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Chinese resist. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural success of China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long history. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must repel foreign influence, not embrace. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. E. The Boxer Rebellion <ul><li>Fists of Righteous harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Movement to remove all foreigners from China. </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked Missionaries as invaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Boxers attacked embassies of Foreigners. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Embassies formed a defensive compound. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German embassy wiped out. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Europe, Japan and U.S. put the rebellion down. </li></ul>
  26. 26. 8 Nation alliance <ul><li>Germany, Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Russia, Japan and the yes the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion was crushed and China forced to pay reparations. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Terms <ul><li>Extraterritorial rights </li></ul><ul><li>Sphere of influence </li></ul><ul><li>Opium war </li></ul><ul><li>Hung Hsiu Chuan </li></ul><ul><li>Taiping Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Open Door Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Boxer Rebellion </li></ul>
  28. 29. Summary… <ul><li>How did China view their own civilization? How did they view Europe's? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Opium war’s affect the relationship between Europe and China? </li></ul><ul><li>What actions did China take to oppose European dominance? Were they successful? </li></ul>

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