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Ch 13 Sec 1 And 2

Ch 13 Sec 1 And 2






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    Ch 13 Sec 1 And 2 Ch 13 Sec 1 And 2 Presentation Transcript

    • The President and the Vice President Chapter 13 section 1 and 2
    • Topics
      • The Office of the President
      • The Job Description
      • The Vice President and line of succession
    • I. The Office of the President
      • Constitutional Qualifications
      • Unwritten Qualifications
      • Terms
      • Salary and Benefits
    • A. Qualifications
      • Naturalized born citizen
      • 35 years of age
      • Lived in country previous 14 years
    • B. Unwritten Qualifications
      • Over half lawyers
      • Mostly middle to upper class
      • Predominantly White males with Anglo Heritage (No Poles, Italians, or Jews, for instance)
      • Most have some military experience, many elected because of previous military exploits
      • All having discernable religious affiliations were Christian (Jefferson was a deist)
      • One Catholic, JFK
    • C. Terms
      • The tradition was for Presidents to serve for a maximum of two terms until Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a fourth term in 1944.
      • The 22 nd Amendment (ratified in 1951) set a maximum of two terms in office
    • D. Salary and Benefits
      • The Presidential salary is $400,000 per year
      • The use of Air Force One
      • a substantial expense and living allowance
      • About $200,000 a year retirement, even if you only serve one term!
      • President earns far less than CEO’s
    • II. The Job Description
      • Chief of State
      • Chief Executive
      • Chief Administrator
      • Chief Diplomat
      • Commander in Chief
      • Chief Legislator
      • Chief of Party
      • Chief Citizen
    • A. Chief of State
      • Ceremonial head of the nation.
        • Symbol of America
        • Has no real political power in this role, it is symbolic
      • In this role the President is the personal representative of you and other Americans.
    • B. Chief Executive
      • Vested with the executive power
        • Domestic powers
        • Foreign powers
      • the President sees that the laws of the nation are carried out (executed and enforced).
    • C. Chief Administrator
      • Director of the Federal government
        • Head of all executive departments.
        • FBI,CIA,IRS etc.
        • Employs nearly 2.7 million employees
      • Manages the executive branch of the U.S. government
    • D. Chief Diplomat
      • Conducts American foreign policy.
        • Speeches
        • Ambassadors
        • Diplomats
        • The President
      • Leader of the Free world.
    • E. Commander in Chief
      • The President heads our armed forces.
        • Army, Air Force, Navy and Marines.
        • Over 1.4 million troops
      • The President represents our nation in times of peace and war.
    • F. Chief legislator
      • Sets the Agenda.
        • Media attention.
        • State of the Union.
        • He sets the national agenda.
    • G. Chief of Party
      • Acknowledged leader of their political party.
        • Represents his party.
        • Sets their agenda.
    • H. Chief Citizen
      • Representative of all the people.
      • Teddy Roosevelt and the Bully pulpit
      • FDR “It is preeminently a place of morale leadership.”
    • III. The Vice President and line of succession
      • The Official duties
      • The Unofficial Duties
      • Balancing the Ticket
      • Issues of succession
    • A. The Official duties
      • The Vice President is to preside over the Senate.
        • May only cast a deciding vote in a tie.
      • The Vice President becomes President should the President die while in office.
    • B. The Unofficial Job
      • Position has grown in influence.
        • Presidential job is massive, needs support.
        • The President can assign duties to V.P.
        • V.P. can work as an advisor, a representative of the White House, and coordinate with Congress.
      • “ I am Vice president. In this I am nothing, but I must be everything”
        • John Adams
      • “ It was a dead end job”
        • T. Roosevelt
    • C. Balancing the Ticket
      • Often Vice Presidents are selected for their regional influence.
        • FDR took Truman: the south
        • Ike took Nixon: California
        • JFK took LBJ: The South
        • Carter took Mondale: The North.
        • Reagan took Bush: Texas
        • Bush took Cheney: Wyoming???
    • D. Issues of succession
      • 1841 President Henry Harrison dies
        • V.P. John Tyler assumes Presidency.
          • Should he be President for the term or until a new election.
          • Tyler stated he would complete the term
      • 25 th Amendment
        • Codified Tyler’s position
        • Addressed issues of Presidential disability
        • POTUS may inform congress of disability
        • VP and Majority of cabinet may inform congress
      • Presidential Succession Act of 1947.
        • Influence of Nuclear war
      • Vice President,
      • Speaker of the House of Representatives
      • President pro tempore of the Senate
      • Secretary of State
      • Secretary of the Treasury
      • Secretary of Defense
      • Attorney General
      • Secretary of the Interior
      • Secretary of Agriculture
      • Secretary of Commerce
      • Secretary of Labor
      • Secretary of Health and Human Services
      • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
      • Secretary of Transportation
      • Secretary of Energy
      • Secretary of Education
      • Secretary of Veterans' Affairs
      • Secretary of homeland Security
    • Terms
      • Chief of State
      • Chief Executive
      • Chief Administrator
      • Chief Diplomat
      • Commander in Chief
      • Chief Legislator
      • Chief of Party
      • Chief Citizen
      • Presidential Succession act of 1947
      • Balancing the Ticket
      • 22 nd Amendment
      • 25 th Amendment
    • What we know…
      • What are the formal qualifications to be president of the United States?
      • What is the history of the issue of term limits of the President?
      • What are the powers of the office of the V.P.?
      • What was the purpose of the Presidential Succession Act of 1947?
      • Why do Presidents balance the ticket?
      • How is presidential disability determined?