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Ch 1 Sec 2
Ch 1 Sec 2
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Ch 1 Sec 2
Ch 1 Sec 2
Ch 1 Sec 2
Ch 1 Sec 2
Ch 1 Sec 2
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Ch 1 Sec 2

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  • 1. Forms of Government Chapter 1 section 2
  • 2. Topics <ul><li>Democratic forms </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic forms </li></ul><ul><li>Geography </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Demos meaning people </li></ul><ul><li>Kracie meaning rule by </li></ul><ul><li>Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Auto meaning one </li></ul><ul><li>Kracie meaning rule by </li></ul>What are the forms of government? Democracy Autocracy
  • 4. I. What is a Democracy? <ul><li>What is democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul>
  • 5. A. What is a Democracy? <ul><li>Form of government in which political power is held by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no one model for a democracy. </li></ul>
  • 6. B. Direct Democracy <ul><li>First applied in Athens in the Greek City States. </li></ul><ul><li>Term: Demos = people, Kratos = rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Form of democracy in which majority vote of citizens makes the law. </li></ul>
  • 7. C. Representative Democracy <ul><li>Also referred to as a Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>First used with Roman Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Form of democracy in which elected representatives run the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Two forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary democracy </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. D. Presidential Democracy <ul><li>Strict separation of Powers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President enforces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President selects his own advisors. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative writes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial interprets </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. E. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>Law making and enforcing powers overlap. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister and cabinet enforce laws. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PM and advisors are members of parliament. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates a close relationship between Executive and Legislative Branch. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. II. Autocratic Forms . <ul><li>Autocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Monarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritarian Systems </li></ul>
  • 11. A. What is an Autocracy? <ul><li>Autocracy is a form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power. </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy is a form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, self appointed elite. </li></ul>
  • 12. B. Monarchies <ul><li>Absolute Monarchy . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government in which a single leader, usually hereditary, has absolute power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A monarchs power is limited by a constitution or a social contract. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. C. Authoritarian Systems <ul><li>Dictatorship : form of government in which absolute power is held by one individual or group. </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism :belief that government should control all groups and individuals behavior to promote the good of a state. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communism </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. III. Influence of Geography. <ul><li>Unitary </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate </li></ul>
  • 15. A. Unitary <ul><li>Form of government in which power is held by the central government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central government may have complete of limited power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local governments may or may not have power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common form of government. </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. B. Federal <ul><li>Form of government in which power is shared between the national and state or regional governments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National government focuses on broad issues and foreign policy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States on local issues </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. C. Confederate <ul><li>An alliance of separate and independent states. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual states that cooperate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work together on common issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States can strip central authority of power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States can break away from group. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles of Confederation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Confederacy. </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. Terms <ul><li>Autocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>confederate </li></ul>
  • 19. Summary <ul><li>How does a democracy differ from autocracy? </li></ul><ul><li>How does a direct democracy differ from a representative democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>How does parliamentary democracy differ from Presidential? </li></ul><ul><li>How does unitary, federal and confederate differ? </li></ul>

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