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Nuclear overview
 

Nuclear overview

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Overview of the nuclear weapons activties of U.S. Department of Energy for state energy office staff who deals mainly with energy efficiency and renewable energy

Overview of the nuclear weapons activties of U.S. Department of Energy for state energy office staff who deals mainly with energy efficiency and renewable energy

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    Nuclear overview Nuclear overview Presentation Transcript

    • 1
      The Other Part
      of the USDOE
      James D. Werner
      April 2010
    • 2
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    • 7
      B-61 Nuclear Bomb
    • 8
      U.S. Department of Energy* Cold War Legacy Facilities
      Workers at more than 200 facilities in 37 States were exposed to radiation, beryllium, and other toxic substances supporting Cold War nuclear weapons activities
      (See Attached List for Details)
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      11
      Weapons Research & Design
      Testing
      Nuclear Weapons Production
      Former industrial sites contaminated with radioactivity, some but not all of which contributed to nuclear weapons production.
      =
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      Former sites contaminated with beryllium, some but not all of which contributed to nuclear weapons production.
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      Uranium and plutonium are further processed for warhead triggers
      Chemical separation is used to extract plutonium from irradiated targets
      Warhead triggers, neutron generators, and other electrical and mechanical components are assembled into complete warheads
      Uranium target elements are irradiated to create plutonium
      Uranium metal is formed into fuel and target elements for reactors
      Uranium gas is converted into metal
      Uranium is processed into low enrichment uranium, highly enriched uranium & depleted uranium
      Uranium is mined and refined from ore
      Number indicates how many sites were or are located in the State.
      =
      Hanford Site
      Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
      Burlington Assembly Plant
      Mound Plant
      Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
      Rocky Flats Plant
      Portsmouth Plant
      Kansas City Plant
      Fernald Plant
      Nevada Test Site
      Paducah Plant
      Weldon Spring
      Los Alamos National Laboratory
      Pantex Plant
      Oak Ridge Reservation
      Sandia National Laboratories
      Savannah River Site
      Pinellas Plant
      Amchitka Island
      * U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor organizations including the Atomic Energy Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration.
      Rev. 2, 5/18/00, 07:00
    • 9
      HOW NUCLEAR WEAPONS
      ARE MADE
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    • 21
      James Werner:
      Hematite, Missouri Fuel loading facility
    • 22
    • 23
    • James Werner: Uranium hexafluordie cylinders at Oak Ridge K-25 site (K-1066-K storage yard).. The site stores 5,000 cylinders. Worker inspects cylinders using ultrasound. Jan 9, 1994.
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    • 5
      9
      2
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      U
      The U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex
      Hanford Site
      Fuel Fabrication, Irradiation, and Chemical Separation; Component Fabrication
      2
      Mound Plant
      Actuators, Ignitors, Detonators
      3
      Idaho NationalEngineering Laboratory
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      2
      2
      Chemical Separation
      BurlingtonAssembly Plant
      2
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      7
      Central Nevada Test Areaand Shoal Test Site
      Fernald Plant
      4
      Rio Blanco and Rulison Sites
      Uranium Refinery, Metal Foundry and Machining Plants
      U
      4
      U
      Kansas City Plant
      LawrenceLivermoreNationalLaboratory
      Portsmouth Plant
      Rocky Flats Plant
      Uranium Enrichment
      Electronic, Mechanical, and Plastic Components
      A
      10
      Plutonium Warheads
      NevadaTest Site
      4
      Weapons Research and Design
      Paducah Plant
      Gasbuggy
      Weldon Spring
      Uranium Enrichment
      2
      U
      Uranium Refinery and Metal Foundry
      Los Alamos NationalLaboratory
      2
      Oak Ridge Reservation
      2
      Components of Highly Enriched Uranium, Depleted Uranium and Lithium Deuteride and Uranium Enrichment
      Weapons Research and Design
      2
      Pantex Plant
      3
      Sandia National Laboratories
      5
      Savannah River Site
      Weapons Engineering
      High-Explosives Fabrication, Final Warhead Assembly and Disassembly
      Fuel & Target Fabrication, Irradiation, Chemical Separation; Tritium Production
      Gnome-Coach
      U
      Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
      Salmon Site
      AmchitkaIsland
      U
      Pinellas Plant
      Neutron Generators
      Former industrial sites contaminated with radioactivity, some but not all of which contributed to nuclear weapons production.
      Number indicates how many sites were or are located in the State.
      Atmospheric Testing
      Underground Testing
      U
      Bikini andEniwetokAtolls
      A
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    • 44
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      DOWNTOWN FUSRAP
      ST. LOUIS SASH AND DOOR WORKS
    • 46
      DOWNTOWN FUSRAP
      BUILDING 51
    • 47
      DOWNTOWN FUSRAP
      PIT 1, BUILDING K - OCTOBER 2000
    • 48
      Enrico Fermi
    • 49
      First Man-made Sustained
      Nuclear Chain Reaction;
      Inside Squash Court Under the Spectator Stand at Stagg Field, University of Chicago,
      December 1941.
    • 50
      Burial Marker for Fermi Reactor,
      State Park outside of Chicago.
    • 51
    • 52
      WELDON SPRING SITE
      CHEMICAL PLANT - 1956 to 1967
    • 53
      James Werner:
      18. Sampling the DerbyThis woman drills holes in new derbies and sends the uranium metal shavings to a lab that measures their radioactivity. The metal gives off alpha, beta, and gamma radiation. At the surface of the derby, the radiation levels are 260 millirem/hr of beta and 10 millirem/hr of gamma. The woman wears a flower in her hair because it is the week before Christmas.
    • 54
      James Werner:
      19. Ingots of Fernald at AshtabulaThese ingots, made at Fernald by remelting uranium metal derbies, have been trucked 300 miles northeast to Ashtabula, Ohio, for further processing. Here they will be submerged in molten salt until they reach a red-hot 1100F. Then thy will be inserted into the Ashtabula uranium metal extrusion press. The sign in the background reads "Caution: Radioactive Materials."
      Reactive Metals, Incorporated, Ashtabula, Ohio. June 19,1984.
    • 55
      James Werner:
      17. Cooling the Derby
      The hot cylinder containing new uranium derby metal is lowered into water for cooling.
      Feed Materials production Center, Fernald, Ohio. December 17, 1985.
    • 56
      Weldon Spring Uranium Processing Plant - 1982
    • 57
      Weldon Spring Uranium Processing Plant - 1982
    • 58
      WELDON SPRING SITE
      WASTE DUMPED IN THE QUARRY
    • 59
      WELDON SPRING SITE
      QUARRY
    • 60
      WELDON SPRING SITE
      1985
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      “Institutional controls will fail.”
       
      National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Committee on the Remediation of Buried and Tank Waste, Long-Term Institutional Management of the U.S. Department of Energy Legacy Waste Sites, August 2000, at page 97.
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      509 Bomb Wing
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    • James D. Werner
      DNREC
    •                                                     
    • 110