Verb tense my powerpoints

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  • 1. Or, more than you really wantedto know about tense, voice, mood,person, and number. By Mrs. W. Warren 2004 Page 1
  • 2. Not only do you learn what kind ofaction or state of being isexpressed through verbs, but theyalso tell you: •Tense = when the action happens: past, present, or future. •Person = who or what experiences the action. •Number = how many people or objects act or receive the action. •Mood = the attitude expressed toward the action •Voice = whether the subject does the action or has the action happen to it: active and passive voice. Page 2
  • 3. What is verb tense?The tenses of verbs are the forms thathelp show time.There are six tenses in English: 3 Simple Tenses 3 PerfectTenses present tense present perfect past tense past perfect future tense future perfect Page 3
  • 4. Principal Parts of Verbs •All verbs have 4 principal parts and all the six verb tenses are made from these principal parts. •The principal parts are: •base form •present participle •simple past •past participle Page 4
  • 5. Ve rb Simple Perfect Te n s e Tenses Tenses T im e L in e Future: action or condition will occur in theFuture Perfect : future.future action or condition will begin and end before another Present: starts. •action or condition exists only now; •constant, repeated, or habitual action or condition; Present Perfect: •a general truth. •action or condition that occurred at an indefinite past time; •action began in past and still occurs now. Past: action or condition was started and completed in the past. Past Perfect: past action or condition began and ended before another past action or condition started. Page 5
  • 6. The Three Simple Tenses of Verbs 1. Present Tense•The present tense is the same as the verb’sbase form, except for the 3rd-person singular,which adds -s or -es. The exceptions are theverb have (has) and the verb be.•The present tense expresses a constant,repeated, or habitual action or condition. It canalso express a general truth.•It can also express an action or a condition thatexists only now.•It’s sometimes used in historical writing toexpress past events and , more often, in poetry,fiction, and journalism to convey to the reader asense of being there. This usage is sometimescalled the historical present tense. Page 6
  • 7. 2. Past Tense•The past tense is used toexpress and action orcondition that was startedand completed in the past.•Nearly all regular andirregular verbs (exceptbe) have just one past-tense form. It’s oftenformed by adding a -d or -ed. 3. Future Tense •The future tense is used to to express an action or a condition that will occur in the future. •You form the future tense of any verb by using the auxiliary verb shall or will with the base form of the verb. Page 7
  • 8. Verb Conjugation Present Tense (Base form on chart) Singular Plural I travel we travel you travel you travelhe/she/it travels they travelPast Tense (-d or -ed on regular verbs) Singular Plural I traveled we traveled you traveled you traveledhe/she/it traveled they traveled FutureTense ( will or shall + base form) Singular Plural I will travel we will travel you will travel you will travelhe/she/it will travel they will travel Page 8
  • 9. The 3 Perfect Tenses of Verbs 1.Present Perfect•Use the present perfect tense to express anaction or condition that occurred at some indefinitetime in the past.•Forms the present perfect tense by using has orhave with the past participle of a verb.•This tense expresses past time . The word presentin the name refers to the tense of the auxiliaryverb has or have.•It can refer to completed action in past time onlyin an indefinite way. Adverbs like yesterday cannotbe added to make the time more specific.•To be specific about completed past time, youwould normally use the simple past tense.•The present perfect tense can also be used toexpress the idea that an action or a condition beganin the past and is still happening. Page 9
  • 10. 2. Past Perfect Tense•The past perfect tense is used toindicate that one past action orcondition began and ended beforeanother past action or conditionstarted.•You form the past perfect tenseby using the auxiliary (helping)verb had with the past participleof a verb. 3. Future Perfect Tense •Use the future perfect tense to express one future action or condition that will begin and end before another future event starts. •Form the future perfect tense by using will have or shall have with the past participle of a verb. Page 10
  • 11. *This means the Verb Conjugationtense of thehelping verb Present PerfectTense (have/has + past participle) Singular Plural I have traveled we have traveled you have traveled you have traveled he/she/it has traveled they have traveled Past Perfect Tense (had + past participle) Singular Plural I had traveled we had traveled you had traveled you had traveled he/she/it had traveled they had traveled Future PerfectTense ( will or shall + have + past participle) Singular Plural I will have traveled we will have traveled you will have traveled you will have traveled he/she/it will have traveled they will have traveled Page 11
  • 12. Emphatic Forms (not a verb tense)The simple present tense and the simple past tense eachhave an additional form called the emphatic form.The emphatic forms add special emphasis or force tothe verb.You form the present emphatic by adding do or does tothe base form.You form the past emphatic by adding did to the baseform of the verb. Progressive Form (not a verb tense) This verb form is used to show that an event is in progress. Progressive forms end with - ing. They are formed by using the appropriate tense of the verb be with the present participle. Page 12
  • 13. How to form Progressives Present Progressive: am, is, or are + -ing form Ex: I am traveling we are traveling you are traveling you are traveling he/she is traveling they are traveling Past Progressive: was/were + -ing form Ex: I was traveling we were traveling you were traveling you were traveling he/she was traveling they were traveling Future Progressive: will/shall + be + -ing form Ex: I will be travelingPresent Perfect Progressive: has/have + been + -ing formEx: I have been travelingPast Perfect Progressive: had + been + -ing formEx: He had been traveling**Future Perfect Progressive: will/shall + have + been+ -ing form.Ex: I will have been traveling Page 13
  • 14. Comparing the Present Tenses (& forms) Shows an action or a condition that is continuously true. Shows an action that is in progress now. Shows an action or a condition that began in the past and continues into the present. Shows an action that began in the past and is still in progress.Comparing the Past Tenses (& forms) Shows actions that were completed in the past. Shows actions that continued over time in the past. Shows an action in the past that came before other actions in the past. Shows an action that was in progress in the past when another action happened. Page 14
  • 15. Comparing the Future Tenses (and forms) Shows a condition that will occur in the future. Shows an action that will be in progress in the future. Shows an action in the future that will occur before another action. Shows an action in progress in the future when another action will happen. Page 15