Or, reading about stuff in the real world by Mrs. Wendy Scruggs
What is nonfiction? Nonfiction is writing that presents and explains ideas or tells about real people, places, objects, or events. It is another genre of literature. Types of nonfiction writing includeessays and histories scientific reportsletters and diaries biographies andinformative articles autobiographies(like encyclopedia articles) expository writing
Types of Essays•.narrative essay: an essay that tells a TRUE story.•descriptive essay: makes an impression or creates an image about a person,place, or object; appeals to one or more of the five senses.•expository essay: gives information, discusses ideas, or explains how to dosomething.•persuasive essay: tries to convince readers to do something or accept thewriter’s ideas or opinions. Other Types of Nonfiction Writing•Biography: A writer tells the life story of another person is what type ofnonfiction.•Autobiography: A writer tells his/her own life story is called anautobiography.•Oration: a formal speech delivered in an impassioned manner.•History: the important events of a nation or person recorded.•Journal: a personal record of past events in someone’s life.•Article: an essay that appears in a newspaper or magazine.•Anecdote: a brief story (paragraph long) that is told to make a point and isoften entertaining or humorous•True-life adventure: is a story of heroic deeds or exciting adventures thatare real.
Ways to Read Nonfiction1. Preview the text: Look for clues in the title.2. Scan the passage for topic sentences to make a rough outline foryourself of its main points.3. Identify the writer’s purpose: What kind of nonfiction is it: is ittrying to inform, persuade, describe, or entertain?4. Evaluate the text: Is this unbiased (objective) or influenced bythe writer’s opinions (subjective)? Can you find examples in thepiece to support the author’s points? Is the writer knowledgeableabout his/her topic?5. Interpret the text: What is the message and how does thewriter feel about the topic?6. Extend the text: How does the information relate to your lifeand experiences? Do you both have something in common or haveyou felt the same way before? How can you use this information inlife?