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When we talk about what we like or prefer and give our opinions, we often compare:
people - She's much more intelligent than her sister.
places - Oxford and Cambridge have the oldest universities. Oxfor d University Cambridge University
DEFINITION Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in a sentence. Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
Comparative & superlativeform USAGE: We use the comparative and superlative form to compare and contrast different objects in English. Use the comparative form to show the difference between two objects. Example: New York is more exciting than Seattle.
Use the superlative form when speaking about threeor more objects to show which object is 'the most' of something. Example: New York is the most exciting city in the USA. Comparative & superlativeform
Comparative & superlativeadjectives. Generally in English they obey three rules: 1. They precede the noun there modifying 2. They don’t change when it comes to genders . 3. They don´t change when it comes to quantity
Comparative & superlativeadjectives. 1. They precede the noun there modifying
Comparative & superlativeadjectives. 2. They don’t change when it comes to genders . Example 2: A tallman A tallwoman
Example 3: A beautifulflower beautifulflowers Comparative & superlativeadjectives. 3. They don´t change when it comes to quantity
Here is a chart showing how to construct the comparative form in English. Notice in the example sentences that we use 'than' to compare the two objects: One Syllable Adjectives add '-er' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'ier' Example: cheap - cheaper / hot - hotter / high - higher Example Sentences a)Yesterday was hotter than today. b) This book is cheaper than that book. Comparativeform
Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' Example: happy - happier / funny - funnier Example Sentences : I am happierthan you. That joke was funnierthan his joke. Comparativeform
Three or More Syllable Adjectives place 'more' before the adjective Example: interesting - more interesting / difficult - more difficult Example Sentences: London is moreexpensive than Madrid. This test is more difficult than the last test. Comparativeform
One Syllable Adjectives place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest Example Sentences Today is the hottest day of the summer. This book is the cheapest I could find. Superlativeform
Three or More Syllable Adjectives place 'the most' before the adjective Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult Example Sentences London is the most expensive city in England. That is the most beautiful painting here. Superlativeform
Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y'place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest' Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest ExampleSentences: New York is the noisiest city in the USA. He is the craziest person I know. Superlativeform
IMPORTANT EXCEPTIONS Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees: