Adjectives

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Comparative and superlative adjectives, usage and examples

Comparative and superlative adjectives, usage and examples

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  • 1. Adjectives
    Comparative & Superlativeform.
  • 2. Tepic 2008
    Tepic 1900
    Tepic now and then…
  • 3. When we go shopping, for example, we often compare:products - That one is better than this one.prices - Yes, but that one's cheaper.
  • 4.
    • When we talk about what we like or prefer and give our opinions, we often compare:
    people - She's much more intelligent than her sister.
  • 5. places - Oxford and Cambridge have the oldest universities.
    Oxfor d University
    Cambridge University
  • 6. DEFINITION
    Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in a sentence.
    Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
  • 7. Comparative & superlativeform
    USAGE:
    We use the comparative and superlative form to compare and contrast different objects in English.
    Use the comparative form to show the difference between two objects.
    Example: New York is more exciting than Seattle.
  • 8. Use the superlative form when speaking about threeor more objects to show which object is 'the most' of something.
    Example: New York is the most exciting city in the USA.
    Comparative & superlativeform
  • 9. Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
    Generally in English they obey three rules:
    1. They precede the noun there modifying
    2. They don’t change when it comes to genders .
    3. They don´t change when it comes to quantity
  • 10. Example 1:
    • A brightsun (un sol brillante)
    • 11. A wonderfulview ( una vista maravillosa)
    Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
    1. They precede the noun there modifying
  • 12. Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
    2. They don’t change when it comes to genders .
    Example 2:
    A tallman
    A tallwoman
  • 13. Example 3:
    A beautifulflower
    beautifulflowers
    Comparative & superlativeadjectives.
    3. They don´t change when it comes to quantity
  • 14. Here is a chart showing how to construct the comparative form in English. Notice in the example sentences that we use 'than' to compare the two objects:
    One Syllable Adjectives
    add '-er' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'ier'
    Example: cheap - cheaper / hot - hotter / high - higher
    Example Sentences
    a)Yesterday was hotter than today.
    b) This book is cheaper than that book.
    Comparativeform
  • 15. Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y'
    Example: happy - happier / funny - funnier
    Example Sentences :
    I am happierthan you.
    That joke was funnierthan his joke.
    Comparativeform
  • 16. Three or More Syllable Adjectives
    place 'more' before the adjective
    Example: interesting - more interesting / difficult - more difficult
    Example Sentences:
    London is moreexpensive than Madrid.
    This test is more difficult than the last test.
    Comparativeform
  • 17. One Syllable Adjectives
    place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel)
    Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest
    Example Sentences
    Today is the hottest day of the summer.
    This book is the cheapest I could find.
    Superlativeform
  • 18. Three or More Syllable Adjectives
    place 'the most' before the adjective
    Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult
    Example Sentences
    London is the most expensive city in England.
    That is the most beautiful painting here.
    Superlativeform
  • 19. Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y'place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest'
    Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest
    ExampleSentences:
    New York is the noisiest city in the USA.
    He is the craziest person I know.
    Superlativeform
  • 20. IMPORTANT EXCEPTIONS
    Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees:
  • 21.
  • 22. Thanks a lotforyouratention!!