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ClassicalCivsWJi

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece
Lesson 5 PBA

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    ClassicalCivsWJi ClassicalCivsWJi Presentation Transcript

    • By: Wendy Ji
      Ancient Greece
    • Where Exactly is Greece?
      North of Peloponnesus
      Surrounded by the Ionian Sea to the West, the Aegean Sea to the East
      http://www.greeka.com/greece-maps/ancient-greece-map.jpg
    • geography
      Peninsula; made up of over 1,000 islands Greeks depended on trade and could easily navigate the waters
      Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Black Seas
      Very mountainous land split city-states apart, couldn’t unite
      Unfertile, rocky soil farmers grew grapes, olives, grains
      Mild climate year round
      http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/ClasDram/images/03/greeklandscape.jpg
    • Brief History
      Indo-Europeans came, became known as the Mycenaeans
      Trojan War: Greece vs. Troy Greek victory
      Less civilized Dorians later conquered the Mycenaeans
      http://www.wired.com/images/index/2008/04/trojan_horse_400px.jpg
    • City-states
      • City-states
      • Ancient Greece was made up of many city-states which functioned as independent political units
      • Two of the most powerful and prominent:
      Athens
      Sparta
      Military
      Aristocracy
      Discipline, strength, obedience
      Agriculture
      Education
      Democracy
      Individual expression, freedom, art
      Trading
      Microsoft Clip Art
    • Wars & Conquests
      Persian Wars: Greek vs. Persia Greek victory
      Peloponnesian Wars: Athens vs. Sparta Sparta won, but wars weakened Greece which led to…
      Macedonian conquest of Greece by King Phillip II
      His son, Alexander the Great, takes over after his death and expands his empire
      http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/alexanderempiremap_large.jpg
    • Government
      Ancient Greece is well known as the birth place for many political institutions
      Athens
      City-states each had direct democracies only free men could vote
      Officials chosen by lot; terms limited to prevent tyranny and to give everyone a chance to rule
      Sparta and most other city-states
      Aristocracy : “rule of the best”
    • Architecture
      Parthenon: honor the gods
      Amphitheaters were a popular place to gather; citizens often came to watch plays
      “Classical architecture”, columns : Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
      http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/parthenon-and-the-acropolis-landmark-1.jpg
    • Mathematics & Science
      Euclid: discovered geometry; postulates/theorems
      Pythagoras: Pythagorean Theorem
      Ptolemy: geocentric theory later refuted
      http://www.onemathematicalcat.org/algebra_book/online_problems/graphics/pythag_thm.gif
    • philosophy
      Plato:
      True, Good, Beautiful
      Socrates:
      question everything
      Aristotle:
      balance
      http://www.everydayminimalist.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/socrates.jpg
      http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Aristotle_Bust_White_Background_Transparent.png/438px-Aristotle_Bust_White_Background_Transparent.png
      http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Bios/PlatoClemetino305.jpg
    • Literature
      Epics
      Blind storyteller known as Homer wrote two of the greatest epics:
      The Iliad
      The Odyssey
      Poetry
      Sappho
      Plays
      Tragedy and drama
      http://awaitingrain.typepad.com/.a/6a00d83451d9f869e200e553ac023c8834-800wi
    • Social Structure
      Though Ancient Greece’s social divisions were not as extreme as those of other classical civilizations, such as India or China, there were noticeable separations.
      Slaves utilized for manual labor
      Family emphasized
      Women inferior to men
      Wealth + property = social status
      http://www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/752/805629.JPG
    • Impact & Contributions
      Democracy is a key aspect to many nations around the world today.
      Summer Olympics still take place every 4 years; alternating with Winter Olympics every 4 years as well  unites nations around the globe
      Poems, stories, and plays written in ancient Greece still are revered today.
      Philosophic ideas developed in Ancient Greece still taught today.
      Advances in science, math, and technology
      Architectural styling still applied to modern buildings
      Ancient Greece has significantly shaped and influenced modern civilizations.
    • Works cited
      Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and Marc Jason Gilbert. World Civilizations: The Global Experience AP Edition. 4th ed, DBQ Update. New York: Pearson Education, 2006. 68-89. Print
      "Greek Timeframe." ThinkQuest. Oracle, 2010. Web. 23 Sep 2010. <http://library.thinkquest.org/10805/greece.html>.
      "Ancient Greece." How Stuff Works. Discovery, 2008. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/ancient-greece/ancient-greece.htm>.
      Solanki, Parul. "Sparta vs. Athens." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. buzzle.com, 2010. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sparta-vs-athens.html>.