Where Exactly is Greece? North of Peloponnesus Surrounded by the Ionian Sea to the West, the Aegean Sea to the East http://www.greeka.com/greece-maps/ancient-greece-map.jpg
geography Peninsula; made up of over 1,000 islands Greeks depended on trade and could easily navigate the waters Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Black Seas Very mountainous land split city-states apart, couldn’t unite Unfertile, rocky soil farmers grew grapes, olives, grains Mild climate year round http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/ClasDram/images/03/greeklandscape.jpg
Brief History Indo-Europeans came, became known as the Mycenaeans Trojan War: Greece vs. Troy Greek victory Less civilized Dorians later conquered the Mycenaeans http://www.wired.com/images/index/2008/04/trojan_horse_400px.jpg
Ancient Greece was made up of many city-states which functioned as independent political units
Two of the most powerful and prominent:
Athens Sparta Military Aristocracy Discipline, strength, obedience Agriculture Education Democracy Individual expression, freedom, art Trading Microsoft Clip Art
Wars & Conquests Persian Wars: Greek vs. Persia Greek victory Peloponnesian Wars: Athens vs. Sparta Sparta won, but wars weakened Greece which led to… Macedonian conquest of Greece by King Phillip II His son, Alexander the Great, takes over after his death and expands his empire http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/alexanderempiremap_large.jpg
Government Ancient Greece is well known as the birth place for many political institutions Athens City-states each had direct democracies only free men could vote Officials chosen by lot; terms limited to prevent tyranny and to give everyone a chance to rule Sparta and most other city-states Aristocracy : “rule of the best”
Architecture Parthenon: honor the gods Amphitheaters were a popular place to gather; citizens often came to watch plays “Classical architecture”, columns : Doric, Ionic, Corinthian http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/parthenon-and-the-acropolis-landmark-1.jpg
Literature Epics Blind storyteller known as Homer wrote two of the greatest epics: The Iliad The Odyssey Poetry Sappho Plays Tragedy and drama http://awaitingrain.typepad.com/.a/6a00d83451d9f869e200e553ac023c8834-800wi
Social Structure Though Ancient Greece’s social divisions were not as extreme as those of other classical civilizations, such as India or China, there were noticeable separations. Slaves utilized for manual labor Family emphasized Women inferior to men Wealth + property = social status http://www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/752/805629.JPG
Impact & Contributions Democracy is a key aspect to many nations around the world today. Summer Olympics still take place every 4 years; alternating with Winter Olympics every 4 years as well unites nations around the globe Poems, stories, and plays written in ancient Greece still are revered today. Philosophic ideas developed in Ancient Greece still taught today. Advances in science, math, and technology Architectural styling still applied to modern buildings Ancient Greece has significantly shaped and influenced modern civilizations.
Works cited Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and Marc Jason Gilbert. World Civilizations: The Global Experience AP Edition. 4th ed, DBQ Update. New York: Pearson Education, 2006. 68-89. Print "Greek Timeframe." ThinkQuest. Oracle, 2010. Web. 23 Sep 2010. <http://library.thinkquest.org/10805/greece.html>. "Ancient Greece." How Stuff Works. Discovery, 2008. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/ancient-greece/ancient-greece.htm>. Solanki, Parul. "Sparta vs. Athens." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. buzzle.com, 2010. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sparta-vs-athens.html>.