General DetailsThe American Civil War took place between 1861 - 1865. The warwas between the United States (the Union/ the North) and theConfederate States of America (the Confederacy/ the South).Legend: Washington - Union states (the North) Richmond - Union states which permitted slavery (border states) - Confederate states (the South) - Areas which were not states before or during the American Civil War.
The North was led by Abraham Lincoln. The South was led by Jefferson Davis.Abraham Lincoln 16th President (1861–1865) Jefferson Davis - the only President of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)
General Ulysses S. Grant – General Robert E. Lee –the commander of the Union Army the commander of the Confederate Army
The Flag of the North The Flag of the SouthThe Uniform of the North The Uniform of the South
The North was based on industry. The south was basedon agriculture and growing cotton, which required largenumber of workers who were slaves.When new states were formed in the west of the UnitedStates a question arose: what economy would thosestates be based on (on industry – like in the North, or onagriculture that depended upon slavery – like in theSouth)?The North pushed to completely abolish slavery. TheSouth feared that losing the slaves would cause themsevere economic damage.When Abraham Lincoln, who was against slavery, waselected President, states began to leave the UnitedStates and formed the Confederate States ofAmerica, which allowed slavery.Abraham Lincoln announced that the states’ secessionwas illegal, and therefore those states had rebelledagainst the United States and he declared war on them.
Main Events* 12th April 1861 – the Civil War began with the attack of the Confederate Army on Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
* 1st-3rd August 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg: the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War. The South was defeated in this battle.
* 2nd April 1865 – The North conquered the Confederate capital – Richmond (in Virginia).
* 9th April 1865 – the South surrendered to the North and the surrender treaty was signed by the commanders of the armies.
Results• The North won the war.• The Confederacy was dismantled.• Slavery was abolished.• The Confederate States were reaccepted into the Union.• It was decided that no state is allowed to leave the United States.• During the war about 620,000 men were killed and hundreds of thousands of others were wounded.
BibliographyWikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/About.com: American History -http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarmenu/a/cause_civil_war.htmKidport Reference library - http://www.kidport.com/reflib/RefLib.htmTsufy, Eldar. Meshamranut Lekidma, (1998), Ma’alot, Tel Aviv, pages 212 – 220. –