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Haploid vs diploid cells
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Haploid vs diploid cells

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  • 1.  Chromosomes contain the genetic information Chromosomes are made up of DNA All cells contain chromosomes Usually chromosomes are in loose strands called chromatin However, when DNA is replicated or cells are ready to divide, the chromosomes tighten and coil up
  • 2.  Every cell has chromosomes Chromosomes are usually found in pairs In humans, most body chromosomes are found in pairs There are usually 23 pairs of chromosomes 23 pairs equals 46 individual chromosomes A cell that has 23 pairs (or 46 chromosomes) is a DIPLOID cell
  • 3.  Sex cells are produced by the second division in Meiosis Sex cells are NOT diploid cells Sex cells only have 23 chromosomes Sex cell have NO pairs of chromosomes Sex cells are HAPLOID cells
  • 4.  Diploid – has pairs of chromosomes Haploid – has a single set of chromosomes In humans, diploid cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes In humans, haploid cells have 23 chromosomes (NO PAIRS)
  • 5.  Diploid – has pairs of chromosomes Haploid – has a single set of chromosomes In humans, diploid cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes In humans, haploid cells have 23 chromosomes (NO PAIRS)