Past Tense Verbs:BY WILSON MORILLO
English has only two kinds of verbs, each          with the same three main parts.      (1) REGULAR                (2) IRR...
Every verb tense in English is formed from these              three principal parts.I love you.I will love you always.I...
What’s the difference between a regular        and an irregular verb?A regular verb never changes the main verb itself; i...
Regular past tense verbs: Tip #1Remember to add the d or ed endings to mark the past, especially those endings that we do...
REGULAR past tense verbs: Tip #2Be extra careful when the word “to” follows a past tense verb; it’s easy to forget the ve...
Regular past tense verbs:Tip #3Remember to use the “change y to i when you add – ed ” rule!              Present       Pa...
Irregular past tense verbs:Tip #1Some verbs stay the same in the present and the past. Don’t be tempted to add an ending....
Irregular past tense verbs: Tip #2The past tense of “TO BE” has both a singular and a plural form. Watch the subject/verb...
What About Other Tenses?All other past-tense verbs are formed from the past participle and some kind of a helping verb lik...
Past participles of regular verbs end in d           or ed, just as the past tense verb does.Present             Past     ...
Unfortunately, the past participles of          irregular verbs are as unpredictable as the                         past t...
And just to make things really          confusing, there’s always…Present          Past         Past Participlelie (=recli...
Warning: Potential Trouble Spot!Past participles are often used as adjectives, to describe other words. Remember the –ed ...
Try some out! Are there any missing endings                  below?She appears to be a very prejudice person.            ...
Warning: Potential Trouble Spot #2!Don’t confuse the past tense of the irregular verbs (no helping verb) with the past pa...
Warning: Potential Trouble Spot #3!Watch the passive verbs (= a combination of is, are, was, were, be, been, or being plu...
And that’s all there is to it!Verbs are easy, when youunderstand the system!
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Verbs past

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Verbs past

  1. 1. Past Tense Verbs:BY WILSON MORILLO
  2. 2. English has only two kinds of verbs, each with the same three main parts. (1) REGULAR (2) IRREGULARInfinitive: to WALK Infinitive: to FLYPast tense: WALKED Past tense: FLEW (no helping verb used) (no helping verb used)Past participle: Past participle: WALKED FLOWN (always with helping verb) (always with helping verb)
  3. 3. Every verb tense in English is formed from these three principal parts.I love you.I will love you always.I loved you in the past, but at the time you didn’t love me.I had loved you long before you spoke to me in our writing class.I wanted you to love me for myself, not for my ability to correct comma splices.
  4. 4. What’s the difference between a regular and an irregular verb?A regular verb never changes the main verb itself; it just adds a d or an ed when describing past actions:  dance—danced talk—talkedIrregular verbs are unpredictable. When describing past actions, they might (1) stay the same, (2) change just a part of the word, or (3) change the whole word:  cut— cut grow—grew think— thought
  5. 5. Regular past tense verbs: Tip #1Remember to add the d or ed endings to mark the past, especially those endings that we don’t hear clearly!  Every day, I walk to work.  Yesterday, I walked to work.  For weeks now, I have walked to work.  Every night, we dance till dawn.  Last night, we danced till dawn.  On many nights, we have danced till dawn.
  6. 6. REGULAR past tense verbs: Tip #2Be extra careful when the word “to” follows a past tense verb; it’s easy to forget the verb ending because we don’t hear it.  Grammar use to be easy.  This is suppose to be fun. d d
  7. 7. Regular past tense verbs:Tip #3Remember to use the “change y to i when you add – ed ” rule! Present Past We testify. We testified. They apply. They have applied.
  8. 8. Irregular past tense verbs:Tip #1Some verbs stay the same in the present and the past. Don’t be tempted to add an ending. Present Past I quit! Yesterday I quit! They cost a lot Earlier, they had nowadays. cost a lot.
  9. 9. Irregular past tense verbs: Tip #2The past tense of “TO BE” has both a singular and a plural form. Watch the subject/verb agreement. Present Past Singular Today she is Yesterday she happy. was happy. Plural Today they are Yesterday they happy. were happy
  10. 10. What About Other Tenses?All other past-tense verbs are formed from the past participle and some kind of a helping verb like has/ have/ had/ is/ was/ were:  He has asked the $64,000 question.  The case was decided in their favor.  She had written a prize-winning essay.  You have been selected to enter the Publishers Clearinghouse sweepstakes!
  11. 11. Past participles of regular verbs end in d or ed, just as the past tense verb does.Present Past Past Participletalk talked (has) talkeddepend depended (has) dependedtestify testified (has) testifiedscare scared (has) scared
  12. 12. Unfortunately, the past participles of irregular verbs are as unpredictable as the past tense is.Present Past Past Present Past Past participle participlebegin began begun go went gonebecome became become see saw seenchoose chose chosen forget forgot forgottencut cut cut give gave givenlead led led do did done
  13. 13. And just to make things really confusing, there’s always…Present Past Past Participlelie (=recline) lay has lainlay (=put) laid has laidsit sat has satset (=place) set has set
  14. 14. Warning: Potential Trouble Spot!Past participles are often used as adjectives, to describe other words. Remember the –ed ending!  What is the prescribe solution? ( = the solution which someone has prescribed)  You seem shock . d ( = something has shocked you) ed
  15. 15. Try some out! Are there any missing endings below?She appears to be a very prejudice person. dMy critical thinking teacher was astonish that I finished the quiz so early. edI think everything is finally settle to everyone’s satisfaction. d
  16. 16. Warning: Potential Trouble Spot #2!Don’t confuse the past tense of the irregular verbs (no helping verb) with the past participle (with helping verb).  I begun my homework early this week. X began: past tense  He had gave me his address. begun: past participle X gave: past tense given: past participle
  17. 17. Warning: Potential Trouble Spot #3!Watch the passive verbs (= a combination of is, are, was, were, be, been, or being plus the past participle). Be sure to use the participle form.  My heart is broken. (not is broke)  The course was well designed. (not was well design)  The report will soon be written. (not will soon be wrote).
  18. 18. And that’s all there is to it!Verbs are easy, when youunderstand the system!

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