Prosecution Group Luncheon September, 2011
America Invents Act <ul><li>Passed House and Senate (HR 1249) </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Signature expected Friday </l...
America Invents Act—Effective Dates <ul><li>Generally: effective 1 year after enactment (~9/16/2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Imm...
America Invents Act <ul><li>First to File </li></ul><ul><li>Post-grant Review/Citation of Art (3d party/supp. exam) </li><...
America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Section 102 rewritten—prior art is </li></ul><ul><li>(a)(1) Publicly available b...
America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Section 103: </li></ul><ul><li>A patent may not be obtained  </li></ul><ul><li>i...
America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Derivation proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Patents:  new sec. 291, civil action (1...
America Invents Act—Post-Grant Review <ul><li>Inter Partes Review (Ch. 31; replaces inter partes reexam) </li></ul><ul><li...
America Invents Act—Post-Grant Review <ul><li>Transitional program for “covered business method patents” (Ch. 32 procedure...
America Invents Act—Citation of Art <ul><li>Third-party submissions </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. 301: patents/publications or ow...
America Invents Act—Prior Use Defense <ul><li>For good-faith commercial user of process or machine, manufacture, compositi...
America Invents Act <ul><li>Other provisions of note </li></ul><ul><li>14:  Strategies for reducing/deferring tax liabilit...
America Invents Act—Other <ul><li>16:  Marking </li></ul><ul><li>Qui tam  suits eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive i...
America Invents Act—Effective Dates <ul><li>Generally: effective 1 year after enactment (~9/16/2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Imm...
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September 2011 Patent Group Lunch

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Topics covered: America Invents Act

Effective Dates
Major Changes to 102 & 103
Derivation Proceedings
Post Grant Review
Citation of Art
Prior Use Defense
Miscellaneous Provisions

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September 2011 Patent Group Lunch

  1. 1. Prosecution Group Luncheon September, 2011
  2. 2. America Invents Act <ul><li>Passed House and Senate (HR 1249) </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Signature expected Friday </li></ul><ul><li>Most provisions take effect either </li></ul><ul><li>12 or 18 months from enactment </li></ul>
  3. 3. America Invents Act—Effective Dates <ul><li>Generally: effective 1 year after enactment (~9/16/2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate effect </li></ul><ul><li>Prior user defense Best mode changes </li></ul><ul><li>Tax strategy provision Marking provision </li></ul><ul><li>Effective 18 mos. after enactment (~3/16/2013) </li></ul><ul><li>First to file (applies to apps. with claims with EFD after that effective date) </li></ul>
  4. 4. America Invents Act <ul><li>First to File </li></ul><ul><li>Post-grant Review/Citation of Art (3d party/supp. exam) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transitional Procedure for certain Bus. Method Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prior use defense </li></ul><ul><li>Tax strategies deemed within prior art </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of Best Mode as Invalidity Basis </li></ul><ul><li>Marking issues </li></ul>
  5. 5. America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Section 102 rewritten—prior art is </li></ul><ul><li>(a)(1) Publicly available before effective filing date </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions [(b)(1)]: disclosures less than 1 year before EFD are not prior art under (a)(1) if </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By inventor or one who obtained it from inventor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclosure was previously disclosed by inventor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(a)(2) Patents/published applications of other inventor, having prior EFD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions [(b)(2)]: disclosures not prior art under (a)(2) if </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained from inventor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicly disclosed by inventor before reference’s EFD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclosure and claimed invention subject to common ownership </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Section 103: </li></ul><ul><li>A patent may not be obtained </li></ul><ul><li>if the differences between the claimed invention and the prior art are such that the claimed invention as a whole would have been obvious before the effective filing date of the claimed invention to a person having ordinary skill in the art to which the claimed invention pertains . </li></ul>
  7. 7. America Invents Act—First to File <ul><li>Derivation proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Patents: new sec. 291, civil action (1 year deadline) </li></ul><ul><li>Applications: new section 135, petition akin to post-grant petitions </li></ul><ul><li>Note: current secs. 102(g), 135, 291 remain in effect for applications and patents with claim(s) having EFD before the effective date (March 2013) </li></ul>
  8. 8. America Invents Act—Post-Grant Review <ul><li>Inter Partes Review (Ch. 31; replaces inter partes reexam) </li></ul><ul><li>Basis: 102/103, over patents or printed publications </li></ul><ul><li>Petition to cancel claim(s) (with references, expert declarations, argument), decision whether to grant is not appealable </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: after 9 months from issue, or after Ch. 32 post-grant review </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Grant Review (Ch. 32) </li></ul><ul><li>Basis: any invalidity ground in sec. 282 </li></ul><ul><li>Similar petition process </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: within 9 months after issue </li></ul>
  9. 9. America Invents Act—Post-Grant Review <ul><li>Transitional program for “covered business method patents” (Ch. 32 procedure, where patent is in suit) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations from PTO within one year from enactment </li></ul><ul><li>Estoppel (akin to interference), stay, joinder provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement provision precludes estoppel </li></ul><ul><li>Claims can be amended during proceeding; intervening rights arise </li></ul>
  10. 10. America Invents Act—Citation of Art <ul><li>Third-party submissions </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. 301: patents/publications or owner’s court/PTO statements can be filed at any time </li></ul><ul><li>Amended sec. 122: patents/publications can be filed pre-issuance (w/relevance statement) </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Owner’s Supplemental Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Step prior to requesting reexamination </li></ul><ul><li>PTO can institute reexamination </li></ul><ul><li>Chance to cure possible inequitable conduct </li></ul>
  11. 11. America Invents Act—Prior Use Defense <ul><li>For good-faith commercial user of process or machine, manufacture, composition used in process </li></ul><ul><li>For uses 1 year before infringed patent’s effective filing date; abandonment re-starts the clock </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and convincing standard of proof </li></ul><ul><li>Premarket regulatory, nonprofit lab use is “commercial” </li></ul><ul><li>Personal defense; transfer only with sale of business </li></ul><ul><li>Exception for university plaintiffs </li></ul><ul><li>No defense for derivers </li></ul>
  12. 12. America Invents Act <ul><li>Other provisions of note </li></ul><ul><li>14: Strategies for reducing/deferring tax liability are insufficient to distinguish from prior art (with exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>15: Best mode </li></ul><ul><li>Absence no longer an invalidity ground </li></ul><ul><li>No longer required for 119(e)/120 priority </li></ul>
  13. 13. America Invents Act—Other <ul><li>16: Marking </li></ul><ul><li>Qui tam suits eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive injury by false marking actionable </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual marking (“Patented; see www. . . .”) </li></ul><ul><li>17: Codification/extension of Knorr-Bremse : failure to obtain or disclose advice of counsel cannot be used to prove willfulness/intent to induce infringement </li></ul>
  14. 14. America Invents Act—Effective Dates <ul><li>Generally: effective 1 year after enactment (~9/16/2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate effect </li></ul><ul><li>Prior user defense Best mode changes </li></ul><ul><li>Tax strategy provision Marking provision </li></ul><ul><li>Effective 18 mos. after enactment (~3/16/2013) </li></ul><ul><li>First to file (applies to apps. with claims with EFD after that effective date) </li></ul>
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