Dialogues on the social value of research among key stakeholders involved in health research in Kenya :  Lessons for Publi...
Context & Approach <ul><li>Aim: Exploration   of social value of research  (the ‘what, who and when’)   using an ethical f...
Why social value of research? <ul><li>Fundamental justification of research is human benefit (global goods) </li></ul><ul>...
Community views <ul><li>Short term  benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Regular monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions under in...
Researcher’s   views <ul><li>What is here for me? </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Career Devt  (Financial, Re...
Policy maker’s views <ul><li>Community mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Health programme...
<ul><li>Regular monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions under investigation </li></ul><ul><li>General assistance </li><...
<ul><li>Societal  level barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Practical barriers </li></ul><ul>...
Societal level barriers 1 <ul><li>Limited view of ‘value’ of research </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… But to the hungry chap a...
Societal level barriers 2 <ul><ul><li>… You see the discussions haven’t reached there yet. The discussion is just to ask o...
Conceptual barriers 1 <ul><li>Tension between Inducement and participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… but personally, I have ...
Conceptual barriers… 2 <ul><li>Prior engagement is conflated with inducement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… The concept is good b...
Practical level barriers <ul><li>Complexity   and   longevity  of research  process  and actor  interests </li></ul><ul><u...
Lessons for Public engagement..1 <ul><li>Stakeholders involved in research  have different expectations  </li></ul><ul><ul...
Lessons for Public engagement.. 2
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Dialogues on the social value of research among key stakeholders involved in health research in Kenya: Lessons for Public Engagement

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Presented by Lairumbi GM, Michael Parker, Ray Fitzpatrick & Mike English at the Public Engagement Workshop, 2-5 Dec. 2008, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa, http://scienceincommunity.wordpress.com/

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  • Dialogues on the social value of research among key stakeholders involved in health research in Kenya: Lessons for Public Engagement

    1. 1. Dialogues on the social value of research among key stakeholders involved in health research in Kenya : Lessons for Public Engagement Lairumbi GM, Michael Parker, Ray Fitzpatrick & Mike English
    2. 2. Context & Approach <ul><li>Aim: Exploration of social value of research (the ‘what, who and when’) using an ethical framework </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emanuel’s framework </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviewed 50 key stakeholder groups in HRR in Kenya </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy makers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IRBs/CSO/CRGs/CABs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding bodies/Pharma </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Why social value of research? <ul><li>Fundamental justification of research is human benefit (global goods) </li></ul><ul><li>Social & economic conditions in RPS may compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unmet Healthcare needs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weak regulatory systems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor exchange model between research, policy and practice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential for unfairness & Distrust in the pursuit of a valuable goal </li></ul><ul><li>Call for ‘democratic’ engagement with research </li></ul>
    4. 4. Community views <ul><li>Short term benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Regular monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions under investigation </li></ul><ul><li>General assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of services </li></ul>… from what they have been telling me, as we get into that research, there are those small benefits that they will get free treatment…(CR2)
    5. 5. Researcher’s views <ul><li>What is here for me? </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Career Devt (Financial, Respect etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Patents rights </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge/Public good </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… But when you are looking at a research project, the primary thing is that you have to think in terms of yourself and then the others. The question is what is it in this project for me? …(RES11) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Policy maker’s views <ul><li>Community mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Health programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence for policy </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Regular monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions under investigation </li></ul><ul><li>General assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Career Devt </li></ul><ul><li>Patents rights </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Profits </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution to science </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Dcs burden </li></ul><ul><li>Health facilities </li></ul><ul><li>H/care services </li></ul><ul><li>Proven Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity devt </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Health Prog </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Societal level barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Practical barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barriers to thinking about Value of Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local level stakeholders doing own things due to a number of barriers </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Societal level barriers 1 <ul><li>Limited view of ‘value’ of research </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… But to the hungry chap at the village, if you ask them what they consider as a benefit, what goes into the mouth and comes out is probably the bigger thing. You’ll find that everybody you interact with wants a piece of the cake… and then there’ll be no cake left. So I think it’s a dilemma, ….(IRB3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… we actually need to inculcate that knowledge into everybody, /…/ even for the politicians , before you tell them that this is important, we will not move. Unless you tell someone that we are doing research on malaria and we want you to accept this, then we will not move, because things become too slow, then you get frustrated and you actually cannot do it. So that’s the problem… (RES11) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Societal level barriers 2 <ul><ul><li>… You see the discussions haven’t reached there yet. The discussion is just to ask of what benefit is this research to the people but we have not gone to the how , where we say that given that this is the benefit, how would you make it happen? It hasn’t reached there. What is common is “if this intervention is found to be effective, it will blah blah blah, but not “I will then” blah blah blah.. (RES12) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Conceptual barriers 1 <ul><li>Tension between Inducement and participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… but personally, I have been followed and asked, these KEMRI people, are there no other ways they can use us so as to encourage the person being researched on, even making the neighbour eager, that if another research comes up they join… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Community Representative 2) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Conceptual barriers… 2 <ul><li>Prior engagement is conflated with inducement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… The concept is good but I haven’t quite figured out how you operationalise it in real terms. In the sense that, I don’t believe that National Council for Science and Technology that oversees all research in Kenya would allow you to go to the community and start talking to them about research before you get authorization…/…/ And I’m not too sure they would agree. And that’s what our ethical approval follows …(IRB3) </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Practical level barriers <ul><li>Complexity and longevity of research process and actor interests </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of capacity among local stakeholders to coordinate the research process & address the issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of institutional “memory” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… As researchers here we are not able to engage meaningfully with benefit sharing because if you look at the research process, it is too slow and therefore it takes too long before any real benefit can be realised (RES6) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Lessons for Public engagement..1 <ul><li>Stakeholders involved in research have different expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>researchers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>political elites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What to engage on( Process Vs Outcome benefit) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence may not be the immediate benefit for policy makers </li></ul></ul></ul>Whose interests?
    15. 15. Lessons for Public engagement.. 2

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